This annual report describes FHFA's accomplishments, as well as challenges, the agency faced in meeting the strategic goals and objectives during the past fiscal year.
Read about the agency’s 2017 examinations of Fannie Mac, Freddie Mac and the Home Loan Bank System.
Submit comments and provide input on FHFA Rules Open for Comment by clicking on Rulemaking and Federal Register.
Goal: Help restore confidence, enhance capacity to fulfill mission, and mitigate systemic risk that contributed directly to instability in financial markets.
MAINTAIN foreclosure prevention activities and credit availability, REDUCE taxpayer risk, and BUILD a new single-family securitization infrastructure. Read more in the 2018 Scorecard and Conservatorships Strategic Plan.
Plans and Reports
FHFA experts provide reliable data, including all states, about activity in the U.S. mortgage market through its House Price Index, Refinance Report, Foreclosure Prevention Report, and Performance Report.
HARP - the Home Affordable Refinance Program was created by FHFA specifically to help homeowners current on their mortgage payments, but underwater on their mortgages.
FHFA economists and policy experts provide reliable research and policy analysis about critical topics impacting the nation’s housing finance sector.
Meet the experts...
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An independent regulatory agency, we oversee vital components of the secondary mortgage market including Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Home Loan Banks. Our goal is to keep them, and the overall housing finance system, healthy.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) was established by the
Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA) and is responsible for the effective supervision, regulation, and housing mission oversight of
Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac (the Enterprises) and the
Federal Home Loan Bank System, which includes the 11 Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBanks) and the Office of Finance. Since 2008, FHFA has also served as conservator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Improving access to credit for mortgage-ready borrowers with limited English proficiency (LEP) by developing a multi-year language access plan addressing major obstacles in the mortgage process for non-English speakers.
Guiding industry adoption of the new Uniform Mortgage-Backed Security planned for June 2019.
Working with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to serve the manufactured housing, affordable housing preservation, and rural housing markets through the Duty to Serve program.
Increasing transparency in, and understanding of, the housing finance market by distributing a variety of data sets including an indicator of single-family house price trends called the House Price Index, as well as the Monthly Interest Rate Survey, the Public Use Databases, Conforming Loan Limits, and the Federal Home Loan Bank Members.
Introduced the Mortgage Assistance Application to simplify and align documentation requirements for distressed borrowers.
Issued a proposed regulation on the FHLBanks Affordable Housing Program which provides the banks additional authority to allocate their AHP funds.
Expanded the Neighborhood Stabilization Initiative to 30 markets in 16 states.
Issued a proposed regulation on capital requirements for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac which implements a new framework for risk-based capital requirements, and a revised minimum leverage capital requirement.
Continued oversight of Enterprise Credit Risk Transfer (CRT) programs which, through the end of 2017, have transferred a portion of credit risk on approximately $2.1 trillion of unpaid principal balance.
Freddie Mac and the
FHLBank System provide more than $6.2 trillion in funding for the U.S. mortgage markets and financial institutions.
Conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
In addition to prudential supervision and regulation of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, FHFA continues to oversee the unprecedented conservatorships of the Enterprises. In carrying out this responsibility, FHFA has established a
Strategic Plan for the Conservatorships of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which sets out three strategic goals:
In a safe and sound manner, maintain credit availability and foreclosure prevention activities for new and refinanced mortgages to foster liquid, efficient, competitive, and resilient national housing finance markets.
Decrease taxpayer risk through increasing the role of private capital in the mortgage market.
Construct a new single-family securitization infrastructure for use by the Enterprises and adaptable for use by other participants in the secondary market in the future.
Federal Home Loan Bank System was created by the
Federal Home Loan Bank Act as a government sponsored enterprise to support mortgage lending and related community investment.
The FHLBank System provides its members (thrift institutions, commercial banks, credit unions, insurance companies, and certified community development financial institutions) with a source of funding for mortgages and asset-liability management, liquidity for their short-term needs, and additional funds for housing finance and community development. Approximately 80 percent of U.S. lending institutions rely on the FHLBanks.
FHFA conducts on-site annual examinations and off-site monitoring of the FHLBanks and the Office of Finance. In addition, FHFA oversees the FHLBanks' affordable housing and community investment activities. This includes FHLBank allocations for the
Affordable Housing Program, which provides funding for affordable rental housing and down payment assistance.
PDF version of 11 Federal Home Loan Bank Districts map.
FHFA is a member agency of the Financial Stability Oversight Council. The Council is charged with identifying risks to the financial stability of the United States; promoting market discipline; and responding to emerging risks to the stability of the United States' financial system.
The other members of the Council are:
Board of Governors Federal Reserve System
Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection
Commodity Futures Trading Commission
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
National Credit Union Administration
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
Securities and Exchange Commission
Download a PDF version of our At-A-Glance flyer.
Page last updated: September 25, 2018
© 2019 Federal Housing Finance Agency