This annual report describes FHFA's accomplishments, as well as challenges, the agency faced in meeting the strategic goals and objectives during the past fiscal year.
Read about the agency’s 2016 examinations of Fannie Mac, Freddie Mac and the Home Loan Bank System.
Submit comments and provide input on FHFA Rules Open for Comment by clicking on Rulemaking and Federal Register.
Goal: Help restore confidence, enhance capacity to fulfill mission, and mitigate systemic risk that contributed directly to instability in financial markets.
MAINTAIN foreclosure prevention activities and credit availability, REDUCE taxpayer risk, and BUILD a new single-family securitization infrastructure. Read more in the 2018 Scorecard and Conservatorships Strategic Plan.
Plans and Reports
FHFA experts provide reliable data, including all states, about activity in the U.S. mortgage market through its House Price Index, Refinance Report, Foreclosure Prevention Report, and Performance Report.
HARP - the Home Affordable Refinance Program was created by FHFA specifically to help homeowners current on their mortgage payments, but underwater on their mortgages.
FHFA economists and policy experts provide reliable research and policy analysis about critical topics impacting the nation’s housing finance sector.
Meet the experts...
Key Topics pages provide information about FHFA's work on a range of issues facing the nation and highlight the most relevant related news releases, reports, statements and web pages on the respective topics.
The Honorable Melvin L. Watt of Charlotte, NC sworn in on January 6, 2014 to a 5-year term as the first Senate-confirmed Director of FHFA.
Read more about Director Watt
On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush signed Public Law 110-289, the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA), which established FHFA, giving the agency authority to place regulated entities into conservatorship or receivership.
On September 6, 2008, in order to restore the balance between safety and soundness and mission, FHFA placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into conservatorship. That is a statutory process designed to stabilize a troubled institution with the objective of returning them to normal business operations. FHFA will act as the conservator to operate the Enterprises until they are stabilized.
The Director has determined that it is prudent and in the best interests of the market to suspend capital classifications of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac during the conservatorship, in light of the United States Treasury's Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement. FHFA will continue to closely monitor capital levels, but the existing statutory and FHFA-directed regulatory capital requirements will not be binding during the conservatorship.During the conservatorship, FHFA will not issue a quarterly capital classification. The Enterprises will continue to submit capital reports to FHFA during the conservatorship. Relevant capital figures (minimum capital requirement, core capital, and GAAP net worth) will be available in the Enterprises' quarterly 10-Q filings, as well as on FHFA's website to ensure market transparency. FHFA does not intend to publish critical capital, risk-based capital, or subordinated debt levels during the conservatorship.
Note: Minimum Capital and Risk-Based Capital were last updated on October 9, 2008. Critical Capital and Subordinated Debt information were not updated in accordance with the
FHFA news release issued on October 9, 2008.
As of September 1, 2005 both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac established
formal arrangements under which both GSEs would issue subordinated debt pursuant to a bi-annual plan reviewed by their regulator and subject to the continuing oversight of the agency. The agreements also encompass both GSEs’ making public disclosures related to risk and represent the transformation of the 'voluntary initiative' announced by both GSEs on October 19, 2000 into a enforceable agreement with their federal regulator.
Subordinated debt is not part of regulatory core capital or total capital, as defined in [FHFA's] statute and regulations.
Qualifying Subordinated Debt History (Pre-Conservatorship)
FHFA determines and publishes the GSEs’ qualifying subordinated debt requirements on a quarterly basis. The requirements for qualifying subordinated debt are defined in the September 1, 2005 agreements between OFHEO and the GSEs. Subordinated debt will be issued in a quantity such that the sum of the total capital (core capital plus general allowance for losses) plus the outstanding balance of qualifying subordinated debt will equal or exceed the sum of outstanding net MBS times 0.45 percent and total on-balance sheet assets times 4 percent.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Subordinated Debt Agreements (September 1, 2005)
Submit capital-related questions.
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