This annual report describes FHFA's accomplishments, as well as challenges, the agency faced in meeting the strategic goals and objectives during the past fiscal year.
Read about the agency’s 2020 examinations of Fannie Mac, Freddie Mac and the Home Loan Bank System.
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Implement critical reforms that will produce a stronger and more resilient housing finance system.
FOSTER competitive, liquid, efficient, and resilient (CLEAR) national housing finance markets that support sustainable homeownership and affordable rental housing; OPERATE in a safe and sound manner appropriate for entities in conservatorship; and PREPARE for eventual exits from the conservatorships.
2019 Conservatorships Strategic Plan
FHFA experts provide reliable data, including all states, about activity in the U.S. mortgage market through its House Price Index, Refinance Report, Foreclosure Prevention Report, and Performance Report.
FHFA economists and policy experts provide reliable research and policy analysis about critical topics impacting the nation’s housing finance sector. Meet the experts...
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac – the two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) chartered by the federal government to support the secondary market for residential mortgages – provide considerable benefits to the housing sector of the U.S. economy. The Enterprises support housing activity by supplying ample, low-cost liquidity to the primary mortgage market. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are in strong financial condition today, and the possibility of either Enterprise failing or contributing to a financial crisis is remote. The risk of either company causing a systemic disruption is highly unlikely under the comprehensive safety and soundness regulation of the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO). OFHEO employs examinations, a stringent risk-based capital stress test, and other tools to meet its responsibility and reduce systemic risk.
Nevertheless, it is useful to consider, hypothetically, what systemic impact an Enterprise could have on the housing market and financial system in two very different situations. In the first case, the Enterprises are strong and other parts of the financial system are destabilized. In the second, either Enterprise is itself experiencing financial difficulties.
If the Enterprises are financially strong during a stressful economic period in which many other financial institutions experience solvency and liquidity problems, the Enterprises are a source of stability. Their activities can protect mortgage lending and the housing sector. In addition, in those circumstances, the liquidity of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac debt and mortgage-backed securities (MBS) can enhance the liquidity of institutions that hold those obligations and overall liquidity in financial markets. In both ways, the Enterprises mitigate systemic risk.
If Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac experienced financial difficulties the systemic implications might vary depending upon the circumstances. Any systemic disruption would likely be minimal as OFHEO took prompt corrective action and other market participants filled the short-term market void. Alternatively, in the unlikely circumstance that an enterprise experienced severe financial difficulties, they could cause disruptions to the housing market and financial system.
This report consists of six chapters:
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