Federal Housing Finance Agency Print
  • Fair Lending Map
  • ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​



Home / Policy, Programs & Research / Programs / Fair Lending Oversight Program


The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is committed to careful fair lending oversight of the r​egulated entities. Fair lending is central to the principles under which the U.S. housing finance system operates and is a requirement of law. FHFA will never tolerate illegal discrimination by the regulated entities. In 2018, FHFA created the Office of Fair Lending Oversight (OFLO) to ensure that the regulated entities operate consistently with the public interest and with sufficient overall risk management by providing fair, equitable, and nondiscriminatory access to credit and housing. OFLO also works to advance equity through its Equitable Housing Finance Program and internal policy assessments.

We want to hear from you. Questions and feedback on FHFA’s fair lending program can be directed to FairLending@fhfa.gov.

Proposed Rulemaking on Fair Lending Oversight

FHFA is seeking comment on a proposed rule that would formalize many of the Agency’s ​existing practices and programs regarding fair housing and fair lending oversight of its regulated entities.

Specifically, the proposed rule would codify in regulation:

  • FHFA’s fair lending oversight requirements for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the Enterprises) and the Federal Home Loan Banks (Banks);
  • the requirements for the Enterprises to maintain Equitable Housing Finance Plans; and
  • the requirements for the Enterprises to collect and report homeownership education, housing counseling, and language preference information from the Supplemental Consumer Information Form (SCIF).

The rule would also expand requirements for the Enterprises in fair lending compliance and provide greater oversight and transparency regarding the Equitable Housing Finance Plans.

FHFA invites comments on the proposed rule within 60 days of its publication in the Federal Register. Comments on the proposed rule should be submitted electronically or via mail to the Federal Housing Finance Agency, Office of General Counsel, Attention: Comments/RIN-2590-AB29, 400 7th Street, S.W., Washington, D.C., 20219.
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking


Policy Analysis

Mortgage Application Approval Rates Charts

As conservator of the Enterprises, FHFA conducts both fair lending and equity assessments of Enterprise programs, initiatives, and policies.

OFLO provides technical assistance and policy-related oversight to the FHLBanks.

OFLO contributes to FHFA's Insights Blog by providing commentary on new developments impacting fair lending and information about FHFA's fair lending approach.

FHFA also announces policy updates and clarifications on the regulated entities' programs, products, and activities.

Dat​a and Reporting

FHFA monitors fair lending data and risk presented by regulated entity activities.  Our Fair Lending Data page presents information on single-family automated underwriting system applications and loans acquired by the Enterprises subset by race and ethnicity, as well as primary market lender aggregate approval rates subset by race and ethnicity.  Information on our data methodology and definitions is located on the Data Notes section of the dashboard.

Fair Lending Reporting Orders

FHFA has also issued Orders on Fair Lending Reporting to the Enterprises. The orders require the Enterprises to submit quarterly reports to FHFA with fair lending information and data to improve the Agency's fair lending supervision and monitoring capabilities.   

Equitable Housing Finance Program Overview

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac published their Equitable Housing Finance Plans (EHFPs) for the 2022-2024 plan cycle in June 2022. The Enterprises will update these plans annually. The plans identify and address barriers to sustainable housing opportunities, including the Enterprises' goals and action plans to advance equity in housing finance for the next three years.

FHFA also requires the Enterprises to publish annual performance reports on the actions undertaken during the prior year to implement their plans.

In 2021, FHFA issued a Request for Input (RFI) that sought public input to aid the Enterprises in preparing their first plans and to aid FHFA in overseeing the plans. FHFA also hosted a public listening session to allow for additional public input. FHFA will continue to solicit public input annually.

Latest on the EHFPs

2023 Listening Session

Date: 6/15/2023

Time: 1:00 PM EDT - 4:00 PM EDT

Location: Virtual

Video, Transcript,​ ​and Agenda

FHFA is hosting a public listening session to solicit interim feedback on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s (the Enterprises) 2022-2024 Equitable Housing Finance Plans. In April 2023, the Enterprises released their annual update to the 3-Year plan, and in 2024, will release the final annual update and performance report for the 2022-2024 plan cycle. The updates build upon the inaugural plans first announced last year and make adjustments based on initial research and findings. The Equitable Housing Finance Plans are designed to complement the initiatives outlined in FHFA’s Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2022–2026 that promote the Enterprises’ safety and soundness and foster housing finance markets that provide equitable access to affordable and sustainable housing.

The purpose of the listening session is to give interested parties a public opportunity to provide feedback on the 2023 updates to the Plans and the 2022 performance reports and to provide input into the 2024 annual updates. Additionally, FHFA is soliciting feedback on the content and organization of the Enterprises’ Equitable Housing Finance Plan Performance Reports. Specifically, FHFA is soliciting feedback on the following topics:

  • Are the barriers identified to sustainable housing for Black and Latino communities correct? Are there additional barriers that should be added, or are there existing barriers that should be modified or removed?
  • Are the objectives and actions identified designed to reduce or remove the barriers? If not, what modifications should be made?
  • Are the goals within the plan specific, measurable, time-bound and designed to effectively measure impact? If not, what changes should be made?
  • Are there any methods the Enterprises should use to further engage with the public to inform updates to the plans or provide information about the plan actions?
  • Were the changes the Enterprises made to the 2022-2024 Plans (i.e., the 2023 update) were suitable and/or necessary?
  • Does the information in the Performance Reports help the public understand and assess the progress the Enterprises have made? If not, what additional information or context should be provided?

Past Listening Sessions

listening sessions icon

Social Bond Program Policy

Social impact investing can be defined as a subset of ESG investing, and is distinguished in that it seeks to create social value, rather than minimize adverse impacts. These “impact investments” provide explicit opportunities to fund activities intended to benefit a specific class of persons or the environment. An Enterprise labeled Social Bond should positively impact borrower sustainability, affordability, and/or equity. A cornerstone of any social bond program is the specific outcomes that the program is attempting to achieve.

FHFA is seeking public input and information through a Request for Input (RFI) on the Enterprises’ social bond policy and program design. FHFA is soliciting input to comprehensively understand the opportunities and potential risks associated with single-family social bond issuances by the Enterprises.

Supervision Program

FHFA’s fair lending oversight program is committed to effective, appropriately tailored supervisory measures to ensure that the regulated entities adhere to applicable fair lending compliance standards. FHFA has broad statutory authority to supervise the regulated entities, including authority to monitor and gather information, conduct supervisory examinations, and enforce compliance with law where appropriate. FHFA as a supervisor monitors regulated entities for fair lending risk, conducts supervisory examinations, and, when necessary, takes enforcement action to ensure compliance with fair lending laws.


Mortgage Interest Rate Disparity (MIRD) Program 

FHFA’s statute provides for a  program to assess whether loan pricing by lenders results in disparities for minority borrowers compared with non-minority borrowers of similar creditworthiness. If FHFA makes a preliminary finding that a pattern of disparities exists for a lender, FHFA must refer that finding to the appropriate regulatory or enforcement agency for further review.

In 2021, FHFA finalized its policy approach and began referring its preliminary findings to regulatory or enforcement agencies with jurisdiction to conduct examinations or investigations into potential pricing discrimination.


Meet the Team

Ja​mes Wylie

Associate Director

Jonathan Liles

Principal Financial Analyst

Scott Susin

Senior Economist

Fair Lending Law, Supervision, and Enforcement Branch

Annalyce Shufelt

Branch Chief

Chandra Broadnax

Senior Examination Specialist

Lindse​y Cope

Attorney Advisor

Sarah Friedman

Examination Specialist

Policy and Equity Branch

Leda DeRosa Bloomfield

Branch Chief

Sidney Carter

Policy Analyst

Denise Lorenzen

Policy Analyst

Renita Roberts

Policy Analyst

​Page last updated: November 27, 2023​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

© 2024 Federal Housing Finance Agency