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​​Federal Home Loan Bank Act


SECTION 1 [12 U.S.C. § 1421] SHORT TITLE.
This chapter may be cited as the "Federal Home Loan Bank Act."
SECTION 2 [12 U.S.C. § 1422] DEFINITIONS.
As used in this Act:

(1) BOARD. The terms "Finance Board" and "Board" mean the Federal Housing Finance Board established under section 2A of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. § 1422a].

(2)(A) BANK. The term "Federal Home Loan Bank" or "Bank" means a bank established under the authority of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act.

(B) BANK SYSTEM. The term "Federal Home Loan Bank System" means the Federal Home Loan Banks under the supervision of the Board.

(3) STATE. The term "State", in addition to the States of the United States, includes the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

(4) MEMBER. The term "member" means any institution which has subscribed for the stock of a Federal Home Loan Bank.

(5) HOME MORTGAGE LOAN. The term "home mortgage loan" means a loan made by a member upon the security of a home mortgage.

(6) HOME MORTGAGE. The term "home mortgage" means a mortgage upon real estate, in fee simple, or on a leasehold (1) under a lease for not less than ninety-nine years which is renewable or (2) under a lease having a period of not less than fifty years to run from the date the mortgage was executed, upon which is located, or which comprises or includes, one or more homes or other dwelling units, all of which may be defined by the Board, and shall include, in addition to first mortgages, such classes of first liens as are commonly given to secure advances on real estate by institutions authorized under this Act to become members, under the laws of the State in which the real estate is located, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured thereby.

(7) UNPAID PRINCIPAL. The term "unpaid principal," when used in respect of a loan secured by a home mortgage means the principal thereof less the sum of (1) payments made on such principal, and (2) in cases where shares or stock are pledged as security for the loan, the payments made on such shares or stock plus earnings or dividends apportioned or credited thereon.

(8) AMORTIZED; INSTALLMENT. An "amortized" or "installment" home mortgage loan shall, for the purposes of this Act, be a home mortgage loan to be repaid or liquidated in not less than eight years by means of regular weekly, monthly, or quarterly payments made directly in reduction of the debt or upon stock or shares pledged as collateral for the repayment of such loan.

(9) SAVINGS ASSOCIATION. The term "savings association" has the meaning given to such term in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813].

(10) CHAIRPERSON. The term "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the Board.

(11) SECRETARY. The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(12) INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term "insured depository institution" means:

(A) an insured depository institution (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]), and

(B) except as used in sections 21A and 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1441a, 1441b], an insured credit union (as defined in section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act [12 U.S.C.§ 1752]).

(13) COMMUNITY FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. (A) IN GENERAL. The term "community financial institution" means a member:

(i) the deposits of which are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1811, et seq.]; and

(ii) that has, as of the date of the transaction at issue, less than $500,000,000 in average total assets, based on an average of total assets over the 3 years preceding that date.

(B) ADJUSTMENTS. The $500,000,000 limit referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be adjusted annually by the Finance Board, based on the annual percentage increase, if any, in the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers, as published by the Department of Labor.
SECTION 2A [12 U.S.C. § 1422a] FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT. (1) IN GENERAL. There is established the Federal Housing Finance Board, which shall succeed to the authority of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board with respect to the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(2) STATUS. The Board shall be an independent agency in the executive branch of the Government.

(3) DUTIES. (A) SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS. The primary duty of the Board shall be to ensure that the Federal Home Loan Banks operate in a financially safe and sound manner.

(B) OTHER DUTIES. To the extent consistent with subparagraph (A), the duties of the Board shall also be:

(i) to supervise the Federal Home Loan Banks;

(ii) to ensure that the Federal Home Loan Banks carry out their housing finance mission; and

(iii) to ensure that the Federal Home Loan Banks remain adequately capitalized and able to raise funds in the capital markets.

(b) MANAGEMENT. (1) IN GENERAL. The management of the Board shall be vested in a Board of Directors consisting of 5 directors as follows:

(A) The Secretary who shall serve without additional compensation.

(B) Four citizens of the United States, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, each of whom shall hold office for a term of 7 years.

(2) PROVISIONS RELATING TO APPOINTED DIRECTORS. (A) IN GENERAL. The directors appointed pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) shall be from among persons with extensive experience or training in housing finance or with a commitment to providing specialized housing credit. An appointed director shall not hold any other appointed office during his or her term as director. Not more than 3 directors shall be members of the same political party. Not more than 1 appointed director shall be from any single district of the Federal Home Loan Bank System. Nominations pursuant to this subparagraph shall be referred in the Senate to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.

(B) CONSUMER REPRESENTATIVE. At least 1 director shall be chosen from an organization with more than a 2-year history of representing consumer or community interests on banking services, credit needs, housing, or financial consumer protections.

(C) LIMITATIONS ON CONFLICTS OF INTEREST. No director may:

(i) serve as a director or officer of any Federal Home Loan Bank or any member of any Bank; or

(ii) hold shares of, or any other financial interest in, any member of any such Bank.

(D) CLARIFICATION OF STATUS. (i) IN GENERAL. The directors appointed pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) shall serve on a full-time basis after December 31, 1993.

(ii) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION. Clause (i) shall not be construed as implying that any other position may be filled or held on a less than full-time basis.

(3) INITIAL TERMS. Notwithstanding paragraph (2), of the directors first appointed:

(A) one shall be appointed for a term of 1 year;

(B) one shall be appointed for a term of 3 years; and

(C) one shall be appointed for a term of 5 years.

(c) CHAIRPERSON; TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS. (1) IN GENERAL. The President shall designate 1 of the appointed directors to be the Chairperson of the Board. The Chairperson shall designate another director to serve as Acting Chairperson during the absence or disability of the Chairperson.

(2) TRANSITIONAL PROVISION. Beginning on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], until such time that at least 2 directors are appointed and confirmed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall act for all purposes and with the full powers of the Board of Directors. The Secretary may utilize the services of employees from the Department of Housing and Urban Development to perform services for the Board of Directors during such transition period.

(d) VACANCIES. (1) IN GENERAL. Any vacancy on the Board of Directors shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made. Any director appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which such director's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term. Each director may continue to serve until a successor has been appointed and qualified.

(2) THE SECRETARY. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Secretary or during the absence or disability of the Secretary, the Acting Secretary shall act as a director in place of the Secretary.
SECTION 2B [12 U.S.C. § 1422b] POWERS AND DUTIES.
(a) GENERAL POWERS. The Board shall have the following powers:

(1) To supervise the Federal Home Loan Banks and to promulgate and enforce such regulations and orders as are necessary from time to time to carry out the provisions of this Act.

(2) To suspend or remove for cause a director, officer, employee, or agent of any Federal Home Loan Bank or joint office. The cause of such suspension or removal shall be communicated in writing to such director, officer, employee, or agent and to such Bank or joint office. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no officer, employee, or agent of a Bank or joint office shall be a Federal officer or employee under any definition of either term in title 5, United States Code.

(3) To determine necessary expenditures of the Board under this Act and the manner in which such expenditures shall be incurred, allowed, and paid.

(4) To use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as a department or agency of the United States.

(5) To issue and serve a notice of charges upon a Federal home loan bank or upon any executive officer or director of a Federal home loan bank if, in the determination of the Finance Board, the Bank, executive officer, or director is engaging or has engaged in, or the Finance Board has reasonable cause to believe that the Bank, executive officer, or director is about to engage in an unsafe or unsound practice in conducting the business of the bank, or any conduct that violates any provision of this Act or any law, order, rule or regulation or any condition imposed in writing by the Finance Board in connection with the granting of any application or other request by the Bank, or any written agreement entered into by the Bank with the agency, in accordance with the procedures provided in subsection (c) or (f) of section 1371 of the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 [12 U.S.C. § 4631]. Such authority includes the same authority to issue an order requiring a party to take affirmative action to correct conditions resulting from violations or practices or to limit activities of a Bank or any executive officer or director of a Bank as appropriate Federal banking agencies have to take with respect to insured depository institutions under paragraphs (6) and (7) of section 8(b) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1818(b)], and to have all other powers, rights, and duties to enforce this Act with respect to the Federal home loan banks and their executive officers and directors as the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight has to enforce the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 [12 U.S.C. §§ 4501, et seq.], the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1716, et seq.], or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1451, et seq.] with respect to the Federal housing enterprises under subtitle C [12 U.S.C. §§ 4631, et seq.] (other than section 1371 [12 U.S.C. § 4631]) of the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992.

(6) To address any insufficiencies in capital levels resulting from the application of section 5(f) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act [12 U.S.C. § 1464(f)].

(7) To act in its own name and through its own attorneys:

(A) in enforcing any provision of this Act or any regulation promulgated under this Act; or

(B) in any action, suit, or proceeding to which the Finance Board is a party that involves the Board’s regulation or supervision of any Federal home loan bank.

(b) STAFF. (1) BOARD STAFF. Subject to title IV of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, the Board may employ, direct, and fix the compensation and number of employees, attorneys, and agents of the Federal Housing Finance Board, except that in no event shall the Board delegate any function to any employee, administrative unit of any Bank, or joint office of the Federal Home Loan Bank System. The prohibition contained in the preceding sentence shall not apply to the delegation of ministerial functions including issuing consolidated obligations pursuant to section 11(b) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1431(b)]. In directing and fixing such compensation, the Board shall consult with and maintain comparability with the compensation at the Federal bank regulatory agencies. Such compensation shall be paid without regard to the provisions of other laws applicable to officers or employees of the United States, except the Chairperson and other Directors shall be compensated as prescribed in sections 5314 and 5315 of title 5, United States Code, respectively.

(2) ABOLITION OF JOINT OFFICES. The joint or collective offices of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, except for the Office of Finance,are hereby abolished.

(c) RECEIPTS OF THE BOARD. Receipts of the Board derived from assessments levied upon the Federal Home Loan Banks and from other sources (other than receipts from the sale of consolidated Federal Home Loan Bank bonds and debentures issued under section 11 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1431]) shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States. Salaries of the directors and other employees of the Board and all other expenses thereof may be paid from such assessments or other sources and shall not be construed to be Government Funds or appropriated monies, or subject to apportionment for the purposes of chapter 15 of title 31, United States Code [31 U.S.C. §§ 1501, et seq.], or any other authority.

(d) ANNUAL REPORT. The Board shall make an annual report to the Congress.
SECTION 3 [12 U.S.C. § 1423] FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS.
As soon as practicable the Board shall divide the continental United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii into not less than eight nor more than twelve districts. Such districts shall be apportioned with due regard to the convenience and customary course of business of the institutions eligible to and likely to subscribe for stock of a Federal Home Loan Bank to be formed under this Act, but no such district shall contain a fractional part of any State. The districts thus created may be readjusted and new districts may from time to time be created by the Board, not to exceed twelve in all. Such districts shall be known as Federal Home Loan Bank districts and may be designated by number. As soon as practicable the Board shall establish, in each district, a Federal Home Loan Bank at such city as may be designated by the Board. Its title shall include the name of the city at which it is established.
SECTION 4 [12 U.S.C. § 1424] ELIGIBILITY FOR MEMBERSHIP.
(a) CRITERIA FOR ELIGIBILITY. (1) IN GENERAL. Any building and loan association, savings and loan association, cooperative bank, homestead association, insurance company, savings bank, or any insured depository institution (as defined in section 2 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1422]), shall be eligible to become a member of a Federal Home Loan Bank if such institution:

(A) is duly organized under the laws of any State or of the United States;

(B) is subject to inspection and regulation under the banking laws, or under similar laws, of the State or of the United States; and

(C) makes such home mortgage loans as, in the judgment of the Board, are long-term loans (except that in the case of a savings bank, this subparagraph applies only if, in the judgment of the Board, its time deposits, as defined in section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act [12 U.S.C. § 461], warrant its making such loans).

(2) QUALIFIED THRIFT LENDER. An insured depository institution that is not a member on January 1, 1989, may become a member of a Federal Home Loan Bank only if:

(A) the insured depository institution (other than a community financial institution) has at least 10 percent of its total assets in residential mortgage loans;

(B) the insured depository institution's financial condition is such that advances may be safely made to such institution; and

(C) the character of its management and its home-financing policy are consistent with sound and economical home financing.

(3) CERTAIN INSTITUTIONS. An insured depository institution commencing its initial business operations after January 1, 1989, may become a member of a Federal Home Loan Bank if it complies with regulations and orders prescribed by the Board for the 10 percent asset requirement (described in paragraph (2)) within one year after the commencement of its operations.

(4) LIMITED EXEMPTION FOR COMMUNITY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS. A community financial institution that otherwise meets the requirements of paragraph (2) may become a member without regard to the percentage of its total assets that is represented by residential mortgage loans, as described in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2).

(b) LOCATION REQUIREMENT. An institution eligible to become a member under this section may become a member only of, or secure advances from, the Federal Home Loan Bank of the district in which is located the institution's principal place of business, or of the bank of a district adjoining such district, if demanded by convenience and then only with the approval of the Board.

(c) INSPECTION AND REGULATION REQUIREMENTS. Notwithstanding the provisions of clause (2) of subsection (a) of this section requiring inspection and regulation under law as a condition with respect to eligibility for membership, any building and loan association which would be eligible to become a member of a Federal Home Loan Bank except for the fact that it is not subject to inspection and regulation under the banking laws or similar laws of the State in which such association is organized shall, upon subjecting itself to such inspection and regulation as the Board shall prescribe, be eligible to become a member.
SECTION 6 [12 U.S.C. § 1426] CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS.
(a) REGULATIONS. (1) CAPITAL STANDARDS. Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of the Federal Home Loan Bank System Modernization Act of 1999 [Nov. 12, 1999], the Finance Board shall issue regulations prescribing uniform capital standards applicable to each Federal home loan bank, which shall require each such bank to meet:

(A) the leverage requirement specified in paragraph (2); and

(B) the risk-based capital requirements, in accordance with paragraph (3).

(2) LEVERAGE REQUIREMENT. (A) IN GENERAL. The leverage requirement shall require each Federal home loan bank to maintain a minimum amount of total capital based on the total assets of the bank and shall be 5 percent.

(B) TREATMENT OF STOCK AND RETAINED EARNINGS. In determining compliance with the minimum leverage ratio established under subparagraph (A), the paid-in value of the outstanding Class B stock and the amount of retained earnings shall be multiplied by 1.5, and such higher amounts shall be deemed to be capital for purposes of meeting the 5 percent minimum leverage ratio, except that a Federal home loan bank's total capital (determined without taking into account any such multiplier) shall not be less than 4 percent of the total assets of the bank.

(3) RISK-BASED CAPITAL STANDARDS. (A) IN GENERAL. Each Federal home loan bank shall maintain permanent capital in an amount that is sufficient, as determined in accordance with the regulations of the Finance Board, to meet:

(i) the credit risk to which the Federal home loan bank is subject; and

(ii) the market risk, including interest rate risk, to which the Federal home loan bank is subject, based on a stress test established by the Finance Board that rigorously tests for changes in market variables, including changes in interest rates, rate volatility, and changes in the shape of the yield curve.

(B) CONSIDERATION OF OTHER RISK-BASED STANDARDS. In establishing the risk-based standard under subparagraph (A)(ii), the Finance Board shall take due consideration of any risk-based capital test established pursuant to section 1361 of the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 [12 U.S.C. § 4611] for the enterprises (as defined in that Act), with such modifications as the Finance Board determines to be appropriate to reflect differences in operations between the Federal home loan banks and those enterprises.

(4) OTHER REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. The regulations issued by the Finance Board under paragraph (1) shall:

(A) permit each Federal home loan bank to issue, with such rights, terms, and preferences, not inconsistent with this Act and the regulations issued hereunder, as the board of directors of that bank may approve, any 1 or more of:

(i) Class A stock, which shall be redeemable in cash and at par 6 months following submission by a member of a written notice of its intent to redeem such shares; and

(ii) Class B stock, which shall be redeemable in cash and at par 5 years following submission by a member of a written notice of its intent to redeem such shares;

(B) provide that the stock of a Federal home loan bank may be issued to and held by only members of the bank, and that a bank may not issue any stock other than as provided in this section;

(C) prescribe the manner in which stock of a Federal home loan bank may be sold, transferred, redeemed, or repurchased; and

(D) provide the manner of disposition of outstanding stock held by, and the liquidation of any claims of the Federal home loan bank against, an institution that ceases to be a member of the bank, through merger or otherwise, or that provides notice of intention to withdraw from membership in the bank.

(5) DEFINITIONS OF CAPITAL. For purposes of determining compliance with the capital standards established under this subsection:

(A) permanent capital of a Federal home loan bank shall include:

(i) the amounts paid for the Class B stock; and

(ii) the retained earnings of the bank (as determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles); and

(B) total capital of a Federal home loan bank shall include:

(i) permanent capital;

(ii) the amounts paid for the Class A stock;

(iii) consistent with generally accepted accounting principles, and subject to the regulation of the Finance Board, a general allowance for losses, which may not include any reserves or allowances made or held against specific assets; and

(iv) any other amounts from sources available to absorb losses incurred by the bank that the Finance Board determines by regulation to be appropriate to include in determining total capital.

(6) TRANSITION PERIOD. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the requirements relating to purchase and retention of capital stock of a Federal home loan bank by any member thereof in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Federal Home Loan Bank System Modernization Act of 1999 [November 12, 1999], shall continue in effect with respect to each Federal home loan bank until the regulations required by this subsection have taken effect and the capital structure plan required by subsection (b) of this section has been approved by the Finance Board and implemented by such bank.

(b) CAPITAL STRUCTURE PLAN. (1) APPROVAL OF PLANS. Not later than 270 days after the date of publication by the Finance Board of final regulations in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, the board of directors of each Federal home loan bank shall submit for Finance Board approval a plan establishing and implementing a capital structure for such bank that:

(A) the board of directors determines is best suited for the condition and operation of the bank and the interests of the members of the bank;

(B) meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section; and

(C) meets the minimum capital standards and requirements established under subsection (a) of this section and other regulations prescribed by the Finance Board.

(2) APPROVAL OF MODIFICATIONS. The board of directors of a Federal home loan bank shall submit to the Finance Board for approval any modifications that the bank proposes to make to an approved capital structure plan.

(c) CONTENTS OF PLAN. The capital structure plan of each Federal home loan bank shall contain provisions addressing each of the following:

(1) MINIMUM INVESTMENT. (A) IN GENERAL. Each capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall require each member of the bank to maintain a minimum investment in the stock of the bank, the amount of which shall be determined in a manner to be prescribed by the board of directors of each bank and to be included as part of the plan.

(B) INVESTMENT ALTERNATIVES. (i) IN GENERAL. In establishing the minimum investment required for each member under subparagraph (A), a Federal home loan bank may, in its discretion, include any 1 or more of the requirements referred to in clause (ii), or any other provisions approved by the Finance Board.

(ii) AUTHORIZED REQUIREMENTS. A requirement is referred to in this clause if it is a requirement for: 

(I) a stock purchase based on a percentage of the total assets of a member; or

(II) a stock purchase based on a percentage of the outstanding advances from the bank to the member.

(C) MINIMUM AMOUNT. Each capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall require that the minimum stock investment established for members shall be set at a level that is sufficient for the bank to meet the minimum capital requirements established by the Finance Board under subsection (a of this section.

(D) ADJUSTMENTS TO MINIMUM REQUIRED INVESTMENT. The capital structure plan of each Federal home loan bank shall impose a continuing obligation on the board of directors of the bank to review and adjust the minimum investment required of each member of that bank, as necessary to ensure that the bank remains in compliance with applicable minimum capital levels established by the Finance Board, and shall require each member to comply promptly with any adjustments to the required minimum investment.

(2) TRANSITION RULE. (A) IN GENERAL. The capital structure plan of each Federal home loan bank shall specify the date on which it shall take effect, and may provide for a transition period of not longer than 3 years to allow the bank to come into compliance with the capital requirements prescribed under subsection (a) of this section, and to allow any institution that was a member of the bank on the date of the enactment of the Federal Home Loan Bank System Modernization Act of 1999 [November 12, 1999], to come into compliance with the minimum investment required pursuant to the plan.

(B) INTERIM PURCHASE REQUIREMENTS. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank may allow any member referred to in subparagraph (A) that would be required by the terms of the capital structure plan to increase its investment in the stock of the bank to do so in periodic installments during the transition period.

(c)(3) DISPOSITION OF SHARES. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall provide for the manner of disposition of any stock held by a member of that bank that terminates its membership or that provides notice of its intention to withdraw from membership in that bank.

(4) CLASSES OF STOCK. (A) IN GENERAL. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall afford each member of that bank the option of maintaining its required investment in the bank through the purchase of any combination of classes of stock authorized by the board of directors of the bank and approved by the Finance Board in accordance with its regulations.

(B) RIGHTS REQUIREMENT. A Federal home loan bank shall include in its capital structure plan provisions establishing terms, rights, and preferences, including minimum investment, dividends, voting, and liquidation preferences of each class of stock issued by the bank, consistent with Finance Board regulations and market requirements.

(C) REDUCED MINIMUM INVESTMENT. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank may provide for a reduced minimum stock investment for any member of that bank that elects to purchase Class B in a manner that is consistent with meeting the minimum capital requirements of the bank, as established by the Finance Board.

(D) LIQUIDATION OF CLAIMS. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall provide for the liquidation in an orderly manner, as determined by the bank, of any claim of that bank against a member, including claims for any applicable prepayment fees or penalties resulting from prepayment of advances prior to stated maturity.

(5) LIMITED TRANSFERABILITY OF STOCK. The capital structure plan of a Federal home loan bank shall:

(A) provide that any stock issued by that bank shall be available only to and held only by members of that bank and tradable only between that bank and its members; and

(B) establish standards, criteria, and requirements for the issuance, purchase, transfer, retirement, and redemption of stock issued by that bank.

(6) BANK REVIEW OF PLAN. Before filing a capital structure plan with the Finance Board, each Federal home loan bank shall conduct a review of the plan by:

(A) an independent certified public accountant, to ensure, to the extent possible, that implementation of the plan would not result in any write-down of the redeemable bank stock investment of its members; and

(B) at least one major credit rating agency, to determine, to the extent possible, whether implementation of the plan would have any material effect on the credit ratings of the bank.

(d) TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP. (1) VOLUNTARY WITHDRAWAL. Any member may withdraw from a Federal home loan bank if the member provides written notice to the bank of its intent to do so and if, on the date of withdrawal, there is in effect a certification by the Finance Board that the withdrawal will not cause the Federal Home Loan Bank System to fail to meet its obligation under section 21B(f)(2)(C) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b(f)(2)(C)] to contribute to the debt service for the obligations issued by the Resolution Funding Corporation. The applicable stock redemption notice periods shall commence upon receipt of the notice by the bank. Upon the expiration of the applicable notice period for each class of redeemable stock, the member may surrender such stock to the bank, and shall be entitled to receive in cash the par value of the stock. During the applicable notice periods, the member shall be entitled to dividends and other membership rights commensurate with continuing stock ownership.

(2) INVOLUNTARY WITHDRAWAL. (A) IN GENERAL. The board of directors of a Federal home loan bank may terminate the membership of any institution if, subject to Finance Board regulations, it determines that:

(i) the member has failed to comply with a provision of this Act or any regulation prescribed under this Act; or

(ii) the member has been determined to be insolvent, or otherwise subject to the appointment of a conservator, receiver, or other legal custodian, by a Federal or State authority with regulatory and supervisory responsibility for the member.

(B) STOCK DISPOSITION. An institution, the membership of which is terminated in accordance with subparagraph (A):

(i) shall surrender redeemable stock to the Federal home loan bank, and shall receive in cash the par value of the stock, upon the expiration of the applicable notice period under subsection (a)(4)(A) of this section;

(ii) shall receive any dividends declared on its redeemable stock, during the applicable notice period under subsection (a)(4)(a) of this section; and

(iii) shall not be entitled to any other rights or privileges accorded to members after the date of the termination.

(C) COMMENCEMENT OF NOTICE PERIOD. With respect to an institution, the membership of which is terminated in accordance with subparagraph (A), the applicable notice period under subsection (a)(4) of this section for each class of redeemable stock shall commence on the earlier of:

(i) the date of such termination; or

(ii) the date on which the member has provided notice of its intent to redeem such stock.

(3) LIQUIDATION OF INDEBTEDNESS. Upon the termination of the membership of an institution for any reason, the outstanding indebtedness of the member to the bank shall be liquidated in an orderly manner, as determined by the bank and, upon the extinguishment of all such indebtedness, the bank shall return to the member all collateral pledged to secure the indebtedness.

(e) REDEMPTION OF EXCESS STOCK. (1) IN GENERAL. A Federal home loan bank, in its sole discretion, may redeem or repurchase, as appropriate, any shares of Class A or Class B stock issued by the bank and held by a member that are in excess of the minimum stock investment required of that member.

(2) EXCESS STOCK. Shares of stock held by a member shall not be deemed to be “excess stock” for purposes of this subsection by virtue of a member's submission of a notice of intent to withdraw from membership or termination of its membership in any other manner.

(3) PRIORITY. A Federal home loan bank may not redeem any excess Class B stock prior to the end of the 5-year notice period, unless the member has no Class A stock outstanding that could be redeemed as excess.

(f) IMPAIRMENT OF CAPITAL. If the Finance Board or the board of directors of a Federal home loan bank determines that the bank has incurred or is likely to incur losses that result in or are expected to result in charges against the capital of the bank, the bank shall not redeem or repurchase any stock of the bank without the prior approval of the Finance Board while such charges are continuing or are expected to continue. In no case may a bank redeem or repurchase any applicable capital stock if, following the redemption, the bank would fail to satisfy any minimum capital requirement.

(g) REJOINING AFTER DIVESTITURE OF ALL SHARES. (1) IN GENERAL. Except as provided in paragraph (2), and notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, an institution that divests all shares of stock in a Federal home loan bank may not, after such divestiture, acquire shares of any Federal home loan bank before the end of the 5-year period beginning on the date of the completion of such divestiture, unless the divestiture is a consequence of a transfer of membership on an uninterrupted basis between banks.

(2) EXCEPTION FOR WITHDRAWALS FROM MEMBERSHIP BEFORE 1998. Any institution that withdrew from membership in any Federal home loan bank before December 31, 1997, may acquire shares of a Federal home loan bank at any time after that date, subject to the approval of the Finance Board and the requirements of this Act.

(h) TREATMENT OF RETAINED EARNINGS. (1) IN GENERAL. The holders of the Class B stock of a Federal home loan bank shall own the retained earnings, surplus, undivided profits, and equity reserves, if any, of the bank.

(2) EXCEPTION. Except as specifically provided in this section or through the declaration of a dividend or a capital distribution by a Federal home loan bank, or in the event of liquidation of the bank, a member shall have no right to withdraw or otherwise receive distribution of any portion of the retained earnings of the bank.

(3) LIMITATION. A Federal home loan bank may not make any distribution of its retained earnings unless, following such distribution, the bank would continue to meet all applicable capital requirements.
SECTION 7 [12 U.S.C. § 1427] MANAGEMENT OF BANKS.
(a) NUMBER; APPOINTMENT AND ELECTION; QUALIFICATIONS; CONFLICTS OF INTEREST. The management of each Federal home loan bank shall be vested in a board of fourteen directors, eight of whom shall be elected by the members as hereinafter provided in this section and six of whom shall be appointed by the Board referred to in section 2A of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1422a], all of whom shall be citizens of the United States, and each of whom shall be either a bona fide resident of the district in which such bank is located or an officer or director of a member of such bank located in that district: Provided, That in any district which includes five or more States the Board may by regulation increase the elective directors to a number not exceeding thirteen and may increase the appointive directors to a number not exceeding three-fourths the number of elective directors: Provided further, That if at any time the number of elective directors in the case of any district is not at least equal to the number of States in such district the Board shall exercise the authority conferred by the next preceding proviso so as to increase such elective directors to a number at least equal to the number of States in such district. At least 2 of the Federal Home Loan Bank directors who are appointed by the Board shall be representatives chosen from organizations with more than a 2-year history of representing consumer or community interests on banking services, credit needs, housing, or financial consumer protections. No Federal Home Loan Bank director who is appointed pursuant to this subsection may, during such Bank director's term of office, serve as an officer of any Federal Home Loan Bank or a director or officer of any member of a Bank, or hold shares, or any other financial interest in, any member of a Bank.

(b) ELECTIVE DIRECTORSHIPS; QUALIFICATIONS; NOMINATIONS AND ELECTION. Each elective directorship shall be designated by the Board as representing the members located in a particular State, and shall be filled by a person who is an officer or director of a member located in that State, each of which members shall be entitled to nominate an eligible person for such directorship, and such office shall be filled from such nominees by a plurality of the votes which such members may cast in an election held for the purpose of filling such office, in which election each such member may cast for such office a number of votes equal to the number of shares of stock in such bank required by this Act to be held by such member at the end of the calendar year next preceding the election, as determined pursuant to regulation of the Board, but not in excess of the average number of shares of stock in such bank required by this Act to be held at the end of such calendar year by the respective members of such bank located in such State, as so determined. No person who is an officer or director of a member that fails to meet any applicable capital requirement is eligible to hold the office of Federal Home Loan Bank director. As used in this subsection and in subsection (c) of this section, the term "member" means a member of a Federal home loan bank which was a member of such bank at the end of such calendar year.

(c) APPORTIONMENT AMONG STATES IN BANK DISTRICT; DESIGNATION OF STATE LOCATION. The number of elective directorships designated as representing the members located in each separate State in a bank district shall be determined by the Board in the approximate ratio of the percentage of the required stock, as determined pursuant to regulation of the Board, of the members located in that State at the end of the calendar year next preceding the date of the election to the total required stock, as so determined, of all members of such bank at the end of such year, except that in the case of each State such number shall not be less than one and shall not be more than six. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if at any time the number of elective directorships so designated as representing the members located in any State would not be at least equal to the total number of elective directorships which, on December 31, 1960, were filled by officers or directors of members whose principal places of business were located in such State, the Board shall add to the board of directors of the bank of the district in which such State is located such number of elective directorships, and shall so designate the directorship or directorships thus added, that the number of elective directorships designated as representing the members located in such State will equal said total number. Any elective directorship so added shall exist only until the expiration of its first term. The Board shall, with respect to each member of a Federal home loan bank, designate the State in the district of such bank in which such member shall, for the purposes of this subsection and subsection (b) of this section, be deemed to be located, and may from time to time change any such designation, but if the principal place of business of any such member is located in a State of such district it shall be the duty of the Board to designate such State as the State in which such member shall, for said purposes, be deemed to be located. As used in the second sentence of this subsection, the term "total number of elective directorships" means the total number of elective directorships on the board of directors of the bank of the district in which such State was located on December 31, 1960, and the term "members" where used for the second time in such sentence means members of such bank.

(d) TERMS; RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS. The term of each director, whether elected or appointed, shall be 3 years. The board of directors of each Federal home loan bank and the Finance Board shall adjust the terms of members first elected or appointed after the date of the enactment of the Federal Home Loan Bank System Modernization Act of 1999 [November 12, 1999], to ensure that the terms of the members of the board of directors are staggered with approximately 1/3 of the terms expiring each year. If any person, before or after, or partly before and partly after, the date of the enactment of this sentence [September 8, 1961], has been elected to each of three consecutive full terms as an elective director of a Federal home loan bank in any elective directorship or elective directorships and has served for all or part of each of said terms, such person shall not be eligible for election to an elective directorship of such bank for a term which begins earlier than two years after the expiration of the last expiring of said three terms. The Board is hereby authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as it may deem necessary or appropriate for the nomination and election of directors of Federal home loan banks, including, without limitation on the generality of the foregoing, rules and regulations with respect to the breaking of ties and with respect to the inclusion of more than one directorship on a single ballot and the methods of voting and of determining the results of voting in such cases.

(e) CONTINUATION OF EXISTING TERMS; DIRECTORSHIP FOR THE COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO. Each term, outstanding on the effective date of the amendment to this section abolishing the division of elective directors into classes [January 2, 1962], of an elective or appointive directorship then existing shall continue until its original date of expiration, and any elective or appointive directorship in existence on said date shall continue to exist to the same extent as if it had been established by or under this section on or after said date. The Board in its discretion may shorten the next succeeding term of any such elective directorship to one year, and may fill such term by appointment. The term "States" or "State" as used in this section shall mean the States of the Union, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The Board, by regulation or otherwise, may add an additional elective directorship to the board of directors of the bank of any district in which the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is included at the time such directorship is added and which does not then include five or more States, may fix the commencement and the duration, which shall not exceed two years, of the initial term of any directorship so added, and may fill any such initial term by appointment: Provided, That (1) any directorship added pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this sentence shall be designated by the Board, pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, as representing the members located in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, (2) such designation of such directorship shall not be changed, and (3) such directorship shall automatically cease to exist if and when the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico ceases to be included in such district. 

(f) VACANCIES. (1) IN GENERAL. A Bank director appointed or elected to fill a vacancy shall be appointed or elected for the unexpired term of his or her predecessor in office.

(2) APPOINTED BANK DIRECTORS. In the event of a vacancy in any appointive Bank directorship, such vacancy shall be filled through appointment by the Board for the unexpired term. If any appointive Bank director shall cease to have the qualifications set forth in subsection (a) of this section, the office held by such person shall immediately become vacant, but such person may continue to act as a Bank director until his or her successor assumes the vacated office or the term of such office expires, whichever occurs first.

(3) ELECTED BANK DIRECTORS. In the event of a vacancy in any elective Bank directorship, such vacancy shall be filled by an affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining Bank directors, regardless of whether such remaining Bank directors constitute a quorum of the Bank's board of directors. A Bank director so elected shall satisfy the requirements for eligibility which were applicable to his predecessor. If any elective Bank director shall cease to have any qualification set forth in this section, the office held by such person shall immediately become vacant, and such person shall not continue to act as a Bank director.

(g) CHAIRPERSON AND VICE CHAIRPERSON. (1) ELECTION. The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the board of directors of each Federal home loan bank shall be elected by a majority of all the directors of such bank from among the directors of the bank.

(2) TERMS. The term of office of the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the board of directors of a Federal home loan bank shall be 2 years.

(3) ACTING CHAIRPERSON. In the event of a vacancy in the position of Chairperson of the board of directors or during the absence or disability of the Chairperson, the Vice Chairperson shall act as Chairperson.

(4) PROCEDURES. The board of directors of each Federal home loan bank shall establish procedures, in the bylaws of such board, for designating an acting chairperson for any period during which the Chairperson and the Vice Chairperson are not available to carry out the requirements of that position for any reason and removing any person from any such position for good cause.

(h) APPOINTMENT WHERE MEMBERS HOLD LESS THAN $1,000,000 OF CAPITAL STOCK. If at any time when nominations are required members shall hold less than $1,000,000 of the capital stock of the Federal home loan bank, the Board shall appoint a director or directors to fill the place or places for which such nominations are required, and the Board may, prior to the filing of the certificate mentioned in section 12 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1432], appoint directors who shall be respectively designated by it as appointive directors and as elective directors, in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(i) DIRECTORS’ COMPENSATION. (1) IN GENERAL. Subject to paragraph (2), each bank may pay its directors reasonable compensation for the time required of them, and their necessary expenses, in the performance of their duties, in accordance with the resolutions adopted by such directors, subject to the approval of the board.

(2) LIMITATION. (A) IN GENERAL. The annual salary of each of the following members of the board of directors of a Federal home loan bank may not exceed the amount specified:

In the case of the:The annual compensation may not exceed:
Chairperson$25,000
Vice Chairperson$20,000
All other members$15,000

(B) ADJUSTMENT. Beginning January 1, 2001, each dollar amount referred to in the table in subparagraph (A) shall be adjusted annually by the Finance Board, based on the annual percentage increase, if any, in the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers, as published by the Department of Labor.

(C) EXPENSES. Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed as prohibiting the reimbursement of expenses incurred by members of the board of directors of any Federal home loan bank in connection with service on the board of directors.

(j) DUTIES OF DIRECTORS. Such board of directors shall administer the affairs of the bank fairly and impartially and without discrimination in favor of or against any member, and shall, subject to the provisions hereof, extend to each institution authorized to secure advances such advances as may be made safely and reasonably with due regard for the claims and demands of other institutions, and with due regard to the maintenance of adequate credit standing for the Federal Home Loan Bank and its obligations.

(k) INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, AND EMPLOYEES. The board of directors of each Bank shall determine the terms and conditions under which such Bank may indemnify its directors, officers, employees or agents.
SECTION 8 [12 U.S.C. § 1428] EXAMINATIONS AND STUDIES BY THE BOARD.
The Board shall cause to be made from time to time examinations of the laws of the various States of the United States and the regulations and procedure thereunder governing conditions under which institutions of the kinds which may become members or nonmember borrowers under this Act are permitted to be formed or to do business, or relating to the conveying or recording of land titles, or to homestead and other rights, or to the enforcement of the rights of holders of mortgages on lands securing loans, or otherwise. If any such examination shall indicate, in the opinion of the board, that under the laws of any such State or the regulations or procedure thereunder there would be inadequate protection to a Federal Home Loan Bank in making or collecting advances under this Act, the Board may withhold or limit the operation of any Federal Home Loan Bank in such State until satisfactory conditions of law, regulation, or procedure shall be established. In any State where State examination of members or nonmember borrowers is deemed inadequate for the purposes of the Federal Home Loan Banks, the Board shall establish such examination, all or part of the cost of which may be considered as part of the cost of making advances in such State. The banks and/or the Board may make studies of trends of home and other property values, methods of appraisals, and other subjects such as they may deem useful for the general guidance of their policies and operations and those of institutions authorized to secure advances.
SECTION 9 [12 U.S.C. § 1429] ELIGIBILITY TO SECURE ADVANCES.
Any member of a Federal Home Loan Bank shall be entitled to apply in writing for advances. Such application shall be in such form as shall be required by the Federal Home Loan Bank. Such Federal Home Loan Bank may at its discretion deny any such application, or may grant it on such conditions as the Federal Home Loan Bank may prescribe.
SECTION 10 [12 U.S.C. § 1430] ADVANCES TO MEMBERS.
(a) IN GENERAL. (1) ALL ADVANCES. Each Federal Home Loan Bank is authorized to make secured advances to its members upon collateral sufficient, in the judgment of the Bank, to fully secure advances obtained from the Bank under this section or section 11(g) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1431(g)].

(2) PURPOSES OF ADVANCES. A long-term advance may only be made for the purposes of:

(A) providing funds to any member for residential housing finance; and

(B) providing funds to any community financial institution for small businesses, small farms, and small agri-businesses.

(3) COLLATERAL. A Bank at the time of origination or renewal of a loan or advance, shall obtain and maintain a security interest in collateral eligible pursuant to one or more of the following categories:

(A) Fully disbursed, whole first mortgages on improved residential property (not more than 90 days delinquent), or securities representing a whole interest in such mortgages.

(B) Securities issued, insured, or guaranteed by the United States Government or any agency thereof (including without limitation, mortgage-backed securities issued or guaranteed by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal National Mortgage Corporation, and the Government National Mortgage Association).

(C) Cash or deposits of a Federal Home Loan Bank.

(D) Other real estate related collateral acceptable to the Bank if such collateral has a readily ascertainable value and the Bank can perfect its interest in the collateral.

(E) Secured loans for small business, agriculture, or securities representing a whole interest in such secured loans, in the case of any community financial institution.

(4) ADDITIONAL BANK AUTHORITY. Subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (3) shall not affect the ability of any Federal Home Loan Bank to take such steps as it deems necessary to protect its security position with respect to outstanding advances, including requiring deposits of additional collateral security, whether or not such additional security would be eligible to originate an advance. If an advance existing on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] matures and the member does not have sufficient eligible collateral to fully secure a renewal of such advance, a Bank may renew such advance secured by such collateral as the Bank determines is appropriate. A member that has an advance secured by such insufficient eligible collateral must reduce its level of outstanding advances promptly and prudently in accordance with a schedule determined by the Federal home loan bank.

(5) REVIEW OF CERTAIN COLLATERAL STANDARDS. The Board may review the collateral standards applicable to each Federal home loan bank for the classes of collateral described in subparagraphs (D) and (E) of paragraph (3), and may, if necessary for safety and soundness purposes, require an increase in the collateral standards for any or all of those classes of collateral.

(6) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection, the terms "small business", "agriculture", "small farm", and "small agri-business" shall have the meanings given those terms by regulation of the Finance Board.

(b) APPRAISALS AND OTHER INVESTIGATIONS; ACCEPTANCE OF HOME MORTGAGES AS COLLATERAL SECURITY ONLY BY FORMAL BOARD RESOLUTION. For the purposes of this section, each Home Loan Bank shall have power to make, or to cause or require to be made, such appraisals and other investigations as it may deem necessary. No home mortgage otherwise eligible to be accepted as collateral security for an advance by a Home Loan Bank shall be accepted if any director, officer, employee, attorney, or agent of the Home Loan Bank or of the borrowing institution is personally liable thereon, unless the Board has specifically approved by formal resolution such acceptance.

(c) NOTES OF BORROWING MEMBERS; INTEREST RATE; LIEN ON STOCK. Such advances shall be made upon the note or obligation of the member secured as provided in this section, bearing such rate of interest as the Federal home loan bank may approve or determine, and the Federal Home Loan Bank shall have a lien upon and shall hold the stock of such member as further collateral security for all indebtedness of the member to the Federal Home Loan Bank.

(d) OBLIGATION TO REPAY; ADDITIONAL SECURITY; SALE OF ADVANCES TO OTHER BANKS. The institution applying for an advance shall enter into a primary and unconditional obligation to pay off all advances, together with interest and any unpaid costs and expenses in connection therewith according to the terms under which they were made, in such form as shall meet the requirements of the bank. The bank shall reserve the right to require at any time, when deemed necessary for its protection, deposits of additional collateral security or substitutions of security by the borrowing institution, and each borrowing institution shall assign additional or substituted security when and as so required. Any Federal Home Loan Bank shall have power to sell to any other Federal Home Loan Bank, with or without recourse, any advance made under the provisions of this Act, or to allow to such bank a participation therein, and any other Federal Home Loan Bank shall have power to purchase such advance or to accept a participation therein, together with an appropriate assignment of security therefor.

(e) PRIORITY OF CERTAIN SECURED INTERESTS. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any security interest granted to a Federal Home Loan Bank by any member of any Federal Home Loan Bank or any affiliate of any such member shall be entitled to priority over the claims and rights of any party (including any receiver, conservator, trustee, or similar party having rights of a lien creditor) other than claims and rights that:

(1) would be entitled to priority under otherwise applicable law; and

(2) are held by actual bona fide purchasers for value or by actual secured parties that are secured by actual perfected security interests.

(g) COMMUNITY SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS. (1) IN GENERAL. Before the end of the 2-year period beginning on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Board shall adopt regulations establishing standards of community investment or service for members of Banks to maintain continued access to long-term advances.

(2) FACTORS TO BE INCLUDED. The regulations promulgated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall take into account factors such as a member's performance under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 [12 U.S.C. §§ 2901, et seq.] and the member's record of lending to first-time homebuyers.

(h) SPECIAL LIQUIDITY ADVANCES. (1) IN GENERAL. Subject to paragraph (2), the Federal Home Loan Banks may, upon the request of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, make short-term liquidity advances to a savings association that:

(A) is solvent but presents a supervisory concern because of such association's poor financial condition; and

(B) has reasonable and demonstrable prospects of returning to a satisfactory financial condition.

(2) INTEREST ON AND SECURITY FOR SPECIAL LIQUIDITY ADVANCES. Any loan by a Federal Home Loan Bank pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be subject to all applicable collateral requirements, including the requirements of section 10(a) of this Act [subsection (a) of this section], and shall be at an interest rate no less favorable than those made available for similar short-term liquidity advances to savings associations that do not present such supervisory concern.

(i) COMMUNITY INVESTMENT PROGRAM. (1) IN GENERAL. Each Bank shall establish a program to provide funding for members to undertake community-oriented mortgage lending. Each Bank shall designate a community investment officer to implement community lending and affordable housing advance programs of the Banks under this subsection and subsection (j) of this section and provide technical assistance and outreach to promote such programs. Advances under this program shall be priced at the cost of consolidated Federal Home Loan Bank obligations of comparable maturities, taking into account reasonable administrative costs.

(2) COMMUNITY-ORIENTED MORTGAGE LENDING. For purposes of this subsection, the term "community-oriented mortgage lending" means providing loans:

(A) to finance home purchases by families whose income does not exceed 115 percent of the median income for the area,

(B) to finance purchase or rehabilitation of housing for occupancy by families whose income does not exceed 115 percent of median income for the area,

(C) to finance commercial and economic development activities that benefit low- and moderate-income families or activities that are located in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, and

(D) to finance projects that further a combination of the purposes described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).

(j) AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROGRAM. (1) IN GENERAL. Pursuant to regulations promulgated by the Board, each Bank shall establish an Affordable Housing Program to subsidize the interest rate on advances to members engaged in lending for long term, low and moderate-income, owner-occupied and affordable rental housing at subsidized interest rates.

(2) STANDARDS. The Board's regulations shall permit Bank members to use subsidized advances received from the Banks to:

(A) finance homeownership by families with incomes at or below 80 percent of the median income for the area; or

(B) finance the purchase, construction, or rehabilitation of rental housing, at least 20 percent of the units of which will be occupied by and affordable for very low-income households for the remaining useful life of such housing or the mortgage term.

(3) PRIORITIES FOR MAKING ADVANCES. In using advances authorized under paragraph (1), each Bank member shall give priority to qualified projects such as the following:

(A) purchase of homes by families whose income is 80 percent or less of the median income for the area,
(B) purchase or rehabilitation of housing owned or held by the United States Government or any agency or instrumentality of the United States; and

(C) purchase or rehabilitation of housing sponsored by any nonprofit organization, any State or political subdivision of any State, any local housing authority or State housing finance agency.

(4) REPORT. Each member receiving advances under this program shall report annually to the Bank making such advances concerning the member's use of advances received under this program.

(5) CONTRIBUTION TO PROGRAM. Each Bank shall annually contribute the percentage of its annual net earnings prescribed in the following subparagraphs to support subsidized advances through the Affordable Housing Program:

(A) In 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1993, 5 percent of the preceding year's net income, or such prorated sums as may be required to assure that the aggregate contribution of all the Banks shall not be less than $50,000,000 for each such year.

(B) In 1994, 6 percent of the preceding year's net income, or such prorated sum as may be required to assure that the aggregate contribution of the Banks shall not be less than $75,000,000 for such year.

(C) In 1995, and subsequent years, 10 percent of the preceding year's net income, or such prorated sums as may be required to assure that the aggregate contribution of the Banks shall not be less than $100,000,000 for each such year.

(6) GROUNDS FOR SUSPENDING CONTRIBUTIONS. (A) IN GENERAL. If a Bank finds that the payments required under this paragraph are contributing to the financial instability of such Bank, it may apply to the Federal Housing Finance Board for a temporary suspension of such payments.

(B) FINANCIAL INSTABILITY. In determining the financial instability of a Bank, the Federal Housing Finance Board shall consider such factors as (i) whether the Bank's earnings are severely depressed, (ii) whether there has been a substantial decline in membership capital, and (iii) whether there has been a substantial reduction in advances outstanding.

(C) REVIEW. The Board shall review the application and any supporting financial data and issue a written decision approving or disapproving such application. The Board's decision shall be accompanied by specific findings and reasons for its action.

(D) MONITORING SUSPENSION. If the Board grants a suspension, it shall specify the period of time such suspension shall remain in effect and shall continue to monitor the Bank's financial condition during such suspension.

(E) LIMITATIONS ON GROUNDS FOR SUSPENSION. The Board shall not suspend payments to the Affordable Housing Program if the Bank's reduction in earnings is a result of (i) a change in the terms for advances to members which is not justified by market conditions, (ii) inordinate operating and administrative expenses, or (iii) mismanagement.

(F) CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND ACTION. The Federal Housing Finance Board shall notify the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate not less than 60 days before such suspension takes effect. Such suspension shall become effective unless a joint resolution is enacted disapproving such suspension.

(7) FAILURE TO USE AMOUNTS FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING. If any Bank fails to utilize or commit the full amount provided in this subsection in any year, 90 percent of the amount that has not been utilized or committed in that year shall be deposited by the Bank in an Affordable Housing Reserve Fund administered by the Board. The 10 percent of the unutilized and uncommitted amount retained by a Bank should be fully utilized or committed by that Bank during the following year and any remaining portion must be deposited in the Affordable Housing Reserve Fund. Under regulations established by the Board, funds from the Affordable Housing Reserve Fund may be made available to any Bank to meet additional affordable housing needs in such Bank's district pursuant to this section.

(8) NET EARNINGS. The net earnings of any Federal Home Loan Bank shall be determined for purposes of this paragraph:

(A) after reduction for any payment required under section 21 or 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441 or 1441b]; and

(B) before declaring any dividend under section 16 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1436].

(9) REGULATIONS. The Federal Housing Finance Board shall promulgate regulations to implement this subsection. Such regulations shall, at a minimum:

(A) specify activities eligible to receive subsidized advances from the Banks under this program;

(B) specify priorities for the use of such advances;

(C) ensure that advances made under this program will be used only to assist projects for which adequate long-term monitoring is available to guarantee that affordability standards and other requirements of this subsection are satisfied;

(D) ensure that a preponderance of assistance provided under this subsection is ultimately received by low- and moderate-income households;

(E) ensure that subsidies provided by Banks to member institutions under this program are passed on to the ultimate borrower;

(F) establish uniform standards for subsidized advances under this program and subsidized lending by member institutions supported by such advances, including maximum subsidy and risk limitations for different categories of loans made under this subsection; and

(G) coordinate activities under this subsection with other Federal or federally-subsidized affordable housing activities to the maximum extent possible.

(10) OTHER PROGRAMS. No provision of this subsection or subsection (i) of this section shall preclude any Bank from establishing additional community investment cash advance programs or contributing additional sums to the Affordable Housing Reserve Fund.

(11) ADVISORY COUNCIL. Each Bank shall appoint an Advisory Council of 7 to 15 persons drawn from community and nonprofit organizations actively involved in providing or promoting low and moderate-income housing in its district. The Advisory Council shall meet with representatives of the board of directors of the Bank quarterly to advise the Bank on low- and moderate-income housing programs and needs in the district and on the utilization of the advances for these purposes. Each Advisory Council established under this paragraph shall submit to the Board at least annually its analysis of the low-income housing activity of the Bank by which it is appointed.

(12) REPORTS TO CONGRESS. (A) The Board shall monitor and report annually to the Congress and the Advisory Council for each Bank the support of low-income housing and community development by the Banks and the utilization of advances for these purposes.

(B) The analyses submitted by the Advisory Councils to the Board under paragraph (11) shall be included as part of the report required by this paragraph.

(C) The Comptroller General of the United States shall audit and evaluate the Affordable Housing Program established by this subsection after such program has been operating for 2 years. The Comptroller General shall report to Congress on the conclusions of the audit and recommend improvements or modifications to the program.

(13) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection:

(A) LOW- OR MODERATE-INCOME HOUSEHOLD. The term "low- or moderate-income household" means any household which has an income of 80 percent or less of the area median.

(B) VERY LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLD. The term "very low-income household" means any household that has an income of 50 percent or less of the area median.

(C) LOW- OR MODERATE-INCOME NEIGHBORHOOD. The term "low- or moderate-income neighborhood" means any neighborhood in which 51 percent or more of the households are low- or moderate-income households.

(D) AFFORDABLE FOR VERY-LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS. For purposes of paragraph (2)(B) the term "affordable for very-low income households" means that rents charged to tenants for units made available for occupancy by low-income families shall not exceed 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 50 percent of the income for the area (as determined by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development) with adjustment for family size.
SECTION 10B [12 U.S.C. § 1430b] ADVANCES TO NONMEMBER MORTGAGEE; TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
(a) IN GENERAL. Each Federal Home Loan Bank is authorized to make advances to nonmember mortgagees approved under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1707, et seq.]. Such mortgagees must be chartered institutions having succession and subject to the inspection and supervision of some governmental agency, and whose principal activity in the mortgage field must consist of lending their own funds. Such advances shall not be subject to the other provisions and restrictions of this Act, but shall be made upon the security of insured mortgages, insured under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1707, et seq.]. Advances made under the terms of this section shall be at such rates of interest and upon such terms and conditions as shall be determined by the Board, but no advance may be for an amount in excess of 90 per centum of the unpaid principal of the mortgage loan given as security.

(b) EXCEPTION. An advance made to a State housing finance agency for the purpose of facilitating mortgage lending that benefits individuals and families that meet the income requirements set forth in section 142(d) or 143(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. § 142(d) or 143(f)], need not be collateralized by a mortgage insured under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1707, et seq.] or otherwise, if:

(1) such advance otherwise meets the requirements of this subsection; and

(2) such advance meets the requirements of section 10(a) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1430(a)], and any real estate collateral for such loan comprises single family or multifamily residential mortgages.
SECTION 11 [12 U.S.C. § 1431] POWERS AND DUTIES OF BANKS.
(a) BORROWING MONEY; ISSUING BONDS AND DEBENTURES; GENERAL POWERS. Each Federal Home Loan Bank shall have power, subject to rules and regulations prescribed by the Board to borrow and give security therefor and to pay interest thereon, to issue debentures, bonds, or other obligations upon such terms and conditions as the Board may approve, and to do all things necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act and all things incident thereto.

(b) ISSUANCE OF CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DEBENTURES; RESTRICTIONS. The Board may issue consolidated Federal Home Loan Bank debentures which shall be the joint and several obligations of all Federal Home Loan Bank organized and existing under this Act, in order to provide funds for any such bank or banks, and such debentures shall be issued upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe. No such debentures shall be issued at any time if any of the assets of any Federal Home Loan Banks are pledged to secure any debts or subject to any lien, and neither the Board nor any Federal Home Loan Bank shall have power to pledge any of the assets of any Federal Home Loan Bank, or voluntarily to permit any lien to attach to the same while any of such debentures so issued are outstanding. The debentures issued under this section and outstanding shall at no time exceed five times the total paid-in capital of all the Federal Home Loan Banks as of the time of the issue of such debentures. It shall be the duty of the Board not to issue debentures under this section in excess of the notes or obligations of member institutions held and secured under section 10(a) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1430(a)] by all the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(c) ISSUANCE OF FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK BONDS. At any time that no debentures are outstanding under this Act, or in order to refund all outstanding consolidated debentures issued under this section, the Board may issue consolidated Federal Home Loan Bank bonds which shall be the joint and several obligations of all the Federal Home Loan Banks, and shall be secured and be issued upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe.

(d) ADDITIONAL OR SUBSTITUTED COLLATERAL ON ADJUSTMENT OF EQUITIES. The Board shall have full power to require any Federal Home Loan Bank to deposit additional collateral or to make substitutions of collateral or to adjust equities between the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(e) ACCEPTANCE OF DEPOSITS; RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSACTION OF BANKING BUSINESS; COLLECTION AND SETTLEMENT OF CHECKS, DRAFTS, ETC.; CHARGES; RULES AND REGULATIONS. (1) Each Federal Home Loan Bank shall have power to accept deposits made by members of such bank or by any other Federal Home Loan Bank or other instrumentality of the United States, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe, but no Federal Home Loan Bank shall transact any banking or other business not incidental to activities authorized by this Act.

(2)(A) The Board may, subject to such rules and regulations, including definitions of terms used in this paragraph, as the Board shall from time to time prescribe, authorize Federal Home Loan Banks to be drawees of, and to engage in, or be agents or intermediaries for, or otherwise participate or assist in, the collection and settlement of (including presentment, clearing, and payment of, and remitting for), checks, drafts, or any other negotiable or nonnegotiable items or instruments of payment drawn on or issued by members of any Federal Home Loan Bank or by institutions which are eligible to make application to become members pursuant to section 4 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1424], and to have such incidental powers as the Board shall find necessary for the exercise of any such authorization.

(B) A Federal Home Loan Bank shall make charges, to be determined and regulated by the Board consistent with the principles set forth in section 11A(c) of the Federal Reserve Act [12 U.S.C. § 248a(c)], or utilize the services of, or act as agent for, or be a member of, a Federal Reserve bank, clearinghouse, or any other public or private financial institution or other agency, in the exercise of any powers or functions pursuant to this paragraph.

(C) The Board is authorized, with respect to participation in the collection and settlement of any items by Federal Home Loan Banks, and with respect to the collection and settlement (including payment by the payor institution) of items payable by Federal savings and loan associations and Federal mutual savings banks, to prescribe rules and regulations regarding the rights, powers, responsibilities, duties, and liabilities, including standards relating thereto, of such Federal Home Loan Banks, associations, or banks and other parties to any such items or their collection and settlement. In prescribing such rules and regulations, the Board may adopt or apply, in whole or in part, general banking usage and practice, and, in instances or respects in which they would otherwise not be applicable, Federal Reserve regulations and operating letters, the Uniform Commercial Code, and clearinghouse rules.

(f) REDISCOUNT OF NOTES HELD BY OTHER BANKS; PURCHASE OF BONDS OF OTHER BANKS. The Board is authorized and empowered to permit, to require Federal Home Loan Banks, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe, to rediscount the discounted notes of members held by other Federal Home Loan Banks, or to make loans to, or make deposits with, such other Federal Home Loan Banks, or to purchase any bonds or debentures issued under this section.

(g) RESERVES. Each Federal Home Loan Bank shall at all times have at least an amount equal to the current deposits received from its members invested in (1) obligations of the United States, (2) deposits in banks or trust companies, (3) advances with a maturity of not to exceed five years which are made to members, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe, and (4) advances with a maturity of not to exceed five years which are made to members whose creditor liabilities (not including advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank) do not exceed 5 per centum of their net assets, and which may be made without the security of home mortgages or other security, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may prescribe.

(h) INVESTMENT OF SURPLUS FUNDS. Such part of the assets of each Federal Home Loan Bank (except reserves and amounts provided for in subsection (g) of this section), as are not required for advances to members, may be invested, to such extent as the bank may deem desirable and subject to such regulations, restrictions, and limitations as may be prescribed by the Board, in obligations of the United States, in obligations, participations, or other instruments of or issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association or the Government National Mortgage Association, in mortgages, obligations, or other securities which are or ever have been sold by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation pursuant to section 305 or section 306 of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. § 1454 or1455], in the stock of the Federal National Mortgage Association, in stock, obligations, or other securities of any small business investment company formed pursuant to section 301 of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 [15 U.S.C. § 681], for the purpose of aiding members of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, and in such securities as fiduciary and trust funds may be invested in under the laws of the State in which the Federal Home Loan Bank is located.

(i) TREASURY PURCHASE OF BANKS' OBLIGATIONS; EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized in his discretion to purchase any obligations issued pursuant to this section, as heretofore, now, or hereafter in force and for such purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public-debt transaction the proceeds of the sale of any securities hereafter issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act [31 U.S.C. §§ 3101, et seq.], as now or hereafter in force, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act [31 U.S.C. §§ 3101, et seq.], as now or hereafter in force, are extended to include such purchases. The Secretary of the Treasury may, at any time, sell, upon such terms and conditions and at such price or prices as he shall determine, any of the obligations acquired by him under this subsection. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of such obligations under this subsection shall be treated as public-debt transactions of the United States. The Secretary of the Treasury shall not at any time purchase any obligations under this paragraph if such purchase would increase the aggregate principal amount of his then outstanding holdings of such obligations under this paragraph to an amount greater than $4,000,000,000. Each purchase of obligations by the Secretary of the Treasury under this subsection shall be upon terms and conditions as shall be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury and shall bear such rate of interest as may be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury taking into consideration the current average market yield for the month preceding the month of such purchase on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States. In addition to obligations authorized to be purchased by the preceding paragraph, the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to purchase any obligations issued pursuant to this section in amount not to exceed $2,000,000,000. The authority provided in this paragraph shall expire August 10, 1975. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the authority provided in this subsection may be exercised during any calendar quarter beginning after the date of enactment of the Depository Institutions Amendments of 1974 [October 28, 1974] only if the Secretary of the Treasury and the Chairperson of the Board certify to the Congress that (1) alternative means cannot be effectively employed to permit members of the Federal Home Loan Bank System to continue to supply reasonable amounts of funds to the mortgage market, and (2) the ability to supply such funds is substantially impaired because of monetary stringency and a high level of interest rates. Any funds borrowed under this subsection shall be repaid by the Home Loan Banks at the earliest practicable date.

(j) AUDITS. Notwithstanding the provisions of the first sentence of section 202 of the Government Corporation Control Act [31 U.S.C. § 9105(a)(1)(B)], audits by the General Accounting Office of the financial transactions of a Federal Home Loan Bank shall not be limited to periods during which Government capital has been invested therein. The provisions of the first sentence of subsection (d) of section 303 of the Government Corporation Control Act [31 U.S.C. §§ 9107(c)(2) and 9108(d)(1)] shall not apply to any Federal Home Loan Bank.

(k) BANK LOANS TO SAIF. (1) LOANS AUTHORIZED. Subject to paragraph (3), the Federal Home Loan Banks may, upon the request of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, make loans to such Corporation for the use of the Savings Association Insurance Fund.

(2) LIABILITY OF THE FUND. Any loan by a Federal Home Loan Bank pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be a direct liability of the Savings Association Insurance Fund.

(3) INTEREST ON AND SECURITY FOR SUCH LOANS. Any loan by a Federal Home Loan Bank pursuant to paragraph (1) shall:

(A) bear a rate of interest not less than such Bank's current marginal cost of funds, taking into account the maturities involved; and

(B) be adequately secured.
SECTION 12 [12 U.S.C. § 1432] INCORPORATION OF BANKS; CORPORATE POWERS; HOUSING PROJECT LOANS.
(a) The directors of each Federal Home Loan Bank shall in accordance with such rules and regulations as the Board may prescribe, make and file with the Board at the earliest practicable date after the establishment of such bank an organization certificate which shall contain such information as the Board may require. Upon the making and filing of such organization certificate with the Board, such bank shall become, as of the date of the execution of its organization certificate, a body corporate, and as such and in its name as designated by the Board it shall have power to adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal; to make contracts; to purchase or lease and hold or dispose of such real estate as may be necessary or convenient for the transaction of its business; to sue and be sued, to complain, and to defend, in any court of competent jurisdiction, State or Federal; to select, employ, and fix the compensation of such officers, employees, attorneys, and agents as shall be necessary for the transaction of its business, to define their duties, require bonds of them and fix the penalties thereof, and to dismiss at pleasure such officers, employees, attorneys, and agents; and, by the board of directors of the bank, to prescribe, amend, and repeal by-laws governing the manner in which its affairs may be administered, consistent with applicable laws and regulations, as administered by the Finance Board. No officer, employee, attorney, or agent of a Federal home loan bank who receives compensation, may be a member of the board of directors. Each such bank shall have all such incidental powers, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as are customary and usual in corporations generally.

(b) Subject to such regulations as may be prescribed by the Board, one or more Federal home loan banks may acquire, hold, or dispose of, in whole or in part, or facilitate such acquisition, holding, or disposition by members of any such bank of, housing project loans, or interests therein, having the benefit of any guaranty under section 221 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. § 2181], as now or hereafter in effect, or loans, or interests therein, having the benefit of any guaranty under section 224 of such Act [22 U.S.C. § 2184], or any commitment or agreement with respect to such loans, or interests therein, made pursuant to either of such sections. This authority extends to the acquisition, holding, and disposition of loans, or interests therein, having the benefit of any guaranty under section 221 or 222 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. § 2181 or 2182], as amended by section 105 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969 [22 U.S.C. § 2181 or 2182] or as hereafter amended or extended, or of any commitment or agreement for any such guaranty.
SECTION 13 [12 U.S.C. § 1433] EXEMPTION FROM TAXATION; OBLIGATIONS ACCEPTABLE AS CREDIT ON DEBT OF HOMEOWNER.
Any and all notes, debentures, bonds, and other such obligations issued by any bank, and consolidated Federal Home Loan Bank bonds and debentures, shall be exempt both as to principal and interest from all taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes) now or hereafter imposed by the United States, by any Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority. The bank, including its franchise, its capital, reserves, and surplus, its advances, and its income shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States, by any Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority; except that [in] any real property of the bank shall be subject to State, Territorial, county, municipal, or local taxation to the same extent according to its value as other real property is taxed. The notes, debentures, and bonds issued by any bank, with unearned coupons attached, shall be accepted at par by such bank in payment of or as a credit against the obligation of any homeowner debtor of such bank.
SECTION 14 [12 USC § 1434] DEPOSITARIES OF PUBLIC MONEY; FINANCIAL AGENTS.
When designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury, each Federal Home Loan Bank shall be a depositary of public money, except receipts from customs, under such regulations as may be prescribed by said Secretary; and it may also be employed as a financial agent of the Government; and it shall perform all such reasonable duties as depositary of public money and financial agent of the Government as may be required of it.
SECTION 15 [12 U.S.C. § 1435] OBLIGATIONS AS LAWFUL INVESTMENTS; LIABILITY OF UNITED STATES FOR DEBENTURES, ETC., ISSUED BY BANKS.
Obligations of the Federal Home Loan Banks issued with the approval of the Board under this Act shall be lawful investments, and may be accepted as security, for all fiduciary, trust, and public funds the investment or deposit of which shall be under the authority or control of the United States or any officer or officers thereof. The Federal reserve banks are authorized to act as depositaries, custodians, and/or fiscal agents for Federal Home Loan Banks in the general performance of their powers under this Act. All obligations of Federal Home Loan Banks shall plainly state that such obligations are not obligations of the United States and are not guaranteed by the United States.
SECTION 16 [12 U.S.C. § 1436] RESERVES AND DIVIDENDS.
(a) ACCUMULATION AND MAINTENANCE OF RESERVES; PAYMENT OF DIVIDENDS. Each Federal Home Loan Bank may carry to a reserve account from time-to-time such portion of its net earnings as may be determined by its board of directors. Each Federal Home Loan Bank shall establish such additional reserves and/or make such charge-offs on account of depreciation or impairment of its assets as the Board shall require from time to time. No dividends shall be paid except out of previously retained earnings or current net earnings remaining after reductions for all reserves, chargeoffs, purchases of capital certificates of the Financing Corporation, and payments relating to the Funding Corporation required under this Act have been provided for, other than chargeoffs or expenses incurred by a Bank in connection with the purchase of capital stock of the Financing Corporation under section 21 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441] or payments relating to the Funding Corporation Principal Fund under section 21B(e) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b(e)]. The reserves of each Federal Home Loan Bank shall be invested, subject to such regulations, restrictions, and limitations as may be prescribed by the Board, in direct obligations of the United States, in obligations, participations, or other instruments of or issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association or the Government National Mortgage Association, in mortgages, obligations, or other securities which are or ever have been sold by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation pursuant to section 305 or section 306 of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. § 1454 or 1455] and in such securities as fiduciary and trust funds may be invested in under the laws of the State in which the Federal Home Loan Bank is located.

(b) ASSISTANCE TO MEMBER INSTITUTIONS IN EVENT OF SEVERE FINANCIAL CONDITIONS. Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section or any other provision of this Act, if the Board determines that severe financial conditions exist threatening the stability of member institutions, the Board may suspend temporarily the requirements of subsection (a) of this section that a portion of net earnings be set aside semiannually by each Federal Home Loan Bank to a reserve account and permit each Federal Home Loan Bank to declare and pay dividends out of undivided profits.

(c) EXCEPTION IN CASE OF LOSSES IN CONNECTION WITH FINANCING CORPORATION STOCK. (1) IN GENERAL. Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, if:

(A) a Federal Home Loan Bank incurs a charge off or an expense in connection with such bank's investment in the stock of the Financing Corporation under section 21 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441];

(B) the Board determines there is an extraordinary need for the member institutions of the bank to receive dividends; and

(C) the bank has reduced all reserves (other than the reserve account required by the first 2 sentences of subsection (a) of this section) to zero, the Board may authorize such bank to declare and pay dividends out of undivided profits (as such term is defined in section 21(d)(7) of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441(d)(7)]) or the reserve account required by the first 2 sentences of subsection (a) of this section.

(2) REQUIREMENTS OF SECTION 21 OF THIS ACT NOT AFFECTED. Notwithstanding any payment of dividends by any Federal Home Loan Bank pursuant to an authorization by the Board under paragraph (1), the applicable provisions of section 21 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441] shall continue to apply with respect to such bank, and to such bank's investment in the Financing Corporation, in the same manner and to the same extent as if such payment had not been made.
FIRREA SECTION 401 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] FSLIC AND FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK BOARD ABOLISHED.
(a) IN GENERAL. (1) FSLIC. Effective on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation established under section 402 of the National Housing Act [former 12 U.S.C.§ 1725] is abolished.

(2) FHLBB. Effective at the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the position of Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board are abolished.

(b) DISPOSITION OF AFFAIRS. (1) IN GENERAL. During the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989, the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board:

(A) shall, solely for the purpose of winding up the affairs of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation and the Federal Home Loan Bank Board:

(i) manage the employees of the Board and provide for the payment of the compensation and benefits of any such employee which accrue before the effective date of the transfer of such employee pursuant to section 403 [this note]; and

(ii) manage any property of the Board and the Corporation until such property is transferred pursuant to section 405 [this note]; and
FIRREA SECTION 401 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] FSLIC AND FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK BOARD ABOLISHED (CONTINUED).
(b)(1)(B) may take any other action necessary for the purpose of winding up the affairs of the Corporation and the Board.

(2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS IN FSLIC RESOLUTION FUND ON A REIMBURSABLE BASIS. (A) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS. Notwithstanding any provision of section 11A of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (as added by section 215 of this Act) [12 U.S.C. § 1821a], funds in the FSLIC Resolution Fund shall be available to the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board to pay any expense incurred in carrying out the requirements of paragraph (1).

(B) PAYMENT BY FDIC. Upon the request of the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall pay to the Chairman from the FSLIC Resolution Fund the amounts requested for expenses described in subparagraph (A).

(C) EXCLUSIVE SOURCE OF FUNDS. No funds or other property of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (other than the FSLIC Resolution Fund) may be used by the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board to pay any expense incurred in carrying out any provision of this title.

(D) REIMBURSEMENT BY SUCCESSOR AGENCIES. Disbursements from the FSLIC Resolution Fund pursuant to subparagraph (A) which are attributable to employees described in paragraph (1)(A)(i) and property described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) shall be reimbursed by the agency to which any such employee or property is transferred.

(c) AUTHORITY AND STATUS OF CHAIRMAN OF THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK BOARD. (1) IN GENERAL. Notwithstanding the repeal of section 17 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [this section] by section 703 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, the repeal of section 402(c) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1725(c)] by section 407 of this title [repealing 12 U.S.C. §§1724, et seq.], the abolishment of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under section 401 of this title [this note], the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall have any authority vested in the Chairman or the Board before such date of enactment which is necessary for the Chairman to carry out the requirements of this section, paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 403(b) [this note], and section 405(a) [this note] during the 60-day period beginning on such date.

(2) OTHER PROVISIONS. For purposes of paragraph (1), the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall continue to be:

(A) treated as an officer of the United States during the 60-day period referred to in such subparagraph; and

(B) entitled to compensation at the annual rate of basic pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule [5 U.S.C. §5314].

(3) NO ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION IF APPOINTED DIRECTOR. During the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall not be entitled to any additional compensation by reason of his appointment as Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision.

(d) STATUS OF EMPLOYEES BEFORE TRANSFER. (1) EMPLOYEES OF FSLIC. Any employee of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation shall be treated as an employee of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board for purposes of subsection (b)(1)(A)(i).

(2) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION. The repeal of section 17 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [this section] by section 703 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, the repeal of section 402(c) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1725(c)] by section 407 of this title [repealing 12 U.S.C. §§ 1724, et seq.], and the abolishment of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under section 401 of this title [this note], shall not be construed as affecting the status of employees of such Corporation or of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board as employees of an agency of the United States for purposes of any other provision of law before the effective date of the transfer of any such employee pursuant to section 403 [this note].

(e) CONTINUATION OF SERVICES. (1) IN GENERAL. The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Oversight Board of the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board may use the services of employees and other personnel and the property of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, on a reimbursable basis, to perform functions which have been transferred to such agencies for such time as is reasonable to facilitate the orderly transfer of functions transferred pursuant to any other provision of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 or any amendment made by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 to any other provision of law.

(2) REIMBURSEMENT. The reimbursement required under paragraph (1) with respect to employees, personnel, and property described in such paragraph shall be made to the FSLIC Resolution Fund and shall be taken into account in determining the amount of any reimbursement required under subsection (b)(2)(D).

(3) AGENCY SERVICES. Any agency, department, or other instrumentality of the United States (including any Federal home loan bank), and any successor to any such agency, department, or instrumentality, which was providing supporting services to the Federal Home Loan Bank Board or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation before the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 in connection with functions that are transferred to the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Federal Housing Finance Board shall:

(A) continue to provide such services, on a reimbursable basis, until the transfer of such functions is complete; and

(B) consult with any such agency to coordinate and facilitate a prompt and reasonable transition.

(f) SAVINGS PROVISIONS RELATING TO FSLIC. (1) EXISTING RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND OBLIGATIONS NOT AFFECTED. Subsection (a) shall not affect the validity of any right, duty, or obligation of the United States, the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or any other person, which:

(A) arises under or pursuant to any section of title IV of the National Housing Act [former 12 U.S.C. §§ 1724, et seq.]; and

(B) existed on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(2) CONTINUATION OF SUITS. No action or other proceeding commenced by or against the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or any Federal home loan bank with respect to any function of the Corporation which was delegated to employees of such bank, shall abate by reason of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, except that the appropriate successor to the interests of such Corporation shall be substituted for the Corporation or the Federal home loan bank as a party to any such action or proceeding.

(g) SAVINGS PROVISIONS RELATING TO FHLBB. (1) EXISTING RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND OBLIGATIONS NOT AFFECTED. Subsection (a) shall not affect the validity of any right, duty, or obligation of the United States, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, or any other person, which:

(A) arises under or pursuant to the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1421, et seq.], the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933 [12 U.S.C. §§ 1461, et seq.], or any other provision of law applicable with respect to such Board (other than title IV of the National Housing Act [former 12 U.S.C. §§ 1724, et seq.]); and

(B) existed on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(2) CONTINUATION OF SUITS. [(A)] IN GENERAL. No action or other proceeding commenced by or against the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, or any Federal home loan bank with respect to any function of the Board which was delegated to employees of such bank, shall abate by reason of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, except that the appropriate successor to the interests of such Board shall be substituted for the Board or the Federal home loan bank as a party to any such action or proceeding.

(h) CONTINUATION OF ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, DETERMINATIONS, AND REGULATIONS. Subject to section 402 [this note], all orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations, which:

(1) have been issued, made, prescribed, or allowed to become effective by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation or the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (including orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations which relate to the conduct of conservatorships and receiverships), or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of functions which are transferred by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989; and

(2) are in effect on the date the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 takes effect, shall continue in effect according to the terms of such orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations and shall be enforceable by or against the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Finance Board, or the Resolution Trust Corporation, as the case may be, until modified, terminated, set aside, or superseded in accordance with applicable law by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Finance Board, or the Resolution Trust Corporation, as the case may be, by any court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

(i) IDENTIFICATION OF REGULATIONS WHICH REMAIN IN EFFECT PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION. Before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall:

(1) identify the regulations and orders which relate to the conduct of conservatorships and receiverships in accordance with the allocation of authority between them under this Act and the amendments made by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989; and

(2) promptly publish notice of such identification in the Federal Register.
FIRREA SECTION 402 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] CONTINUATION AND COORDINATION OF CERTAIN REGULATIONS.
(a) REGULATIONS RELATING TO INSURANCE FUNCTIONS. All regulations and orders of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (in such Board's capacity as the board of trustees of such Corporation), which are in effect on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] and relate to:

(1) the provision, rates, or cancellation of insurance of accounts; or

(2) the administration of the insurance fund of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation,

shall remain in effect according to the terms of such regulations and orders and shall be enforceable by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation unless determined otherwise by such Corporation after consultation with the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and, with respect to regulations and orders relating to the scope of deposit insurance coverage, pursuant to subsection(c).

(b) IDENTIFICATION OF REGULATIONS WHICH REMAIN IN EFFECT PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION. Before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall:

(b)(1) identify the regulations and orders referred to in subsection (a) of this section in accordance with the allocation of authority between them under this Act and the amendments made by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989; and

(2) promptly publish notice of such identification in the Federal Register.

(c) PROCEDURE FOR DIFFERENCES IN DEPOSIT INSURANCE COVERAGE BETWEEN FSLIC AND FDIC. (1) TRANSITION RULE. Until the effective date of regulations prescribed under paragraph (3)(B), any determination of the amount of any insured deposit in any depository institution which becomes an insured depository institution as a result of the amendment made to section 4(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1814(a)] by section 205(1) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 shall be made in accordance with the regulations and interpretations of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation for determining the amount of an insured account which were in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(2) LIMITATION ON EXTENT OF COVERAGE. During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] and ending on the effective date of regulations prescribed under paragraph (3)(B), the amount of any insured account which is required to be treated as an insured deposit pursuant to paragraph (1) shall not exceed the amount of insurance to which such insured account would otherwise have been entitled pursuant to the regulations and interpretations of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation which were in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(3) UNIFORM TREATMENT OF INSURED DEPOSITS. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall: 

(A) review its regulations, principles, and interpretations for deposit insurance coverage and those established by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation; and

(B) on or before the end of the 270-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], prescribe a uniform set of regulations which shall be applicable to all insured deposits in insured depository institutions (except to the extent any provision of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, and amendment made by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1811, et seq.], or any other provision of law requires or explicitly permits the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to treat insured deposits of Savings Association Insurance Fund members differently than insured deposits of Bank Insurance fund members).

(4) FACTORS REQUIRED TO BE CONSIDERED. In prescribing regulations providing for the uniform treatment of deposit insurance coverage, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall consider all relevant factors necessary to promote safety and soundness, depositor confidence, and the stability of deposits in insured depository institutions.

(5) NOTICE; EFFECTIVE DATE. Regulations prescribed under this subsection shall:

(A) provide for effective notice to depositors in insured depository institutions of any change in deposit insurance coverage which would result under such regulations; and

(B) take effect on or before the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date such regulations become final.

(6) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection:

(A) INSURED ACCOUNT. The term “insured account” has the meaning given to such term in section 401(c) of the National Housing Act [former 12 U.S.C. § 1724(c)] (as in effect before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989]).

(B) INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term “insured depository institution” has the meaning given to such term in section 3(c)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813(c)(2)].

(d) INTERIM TREATMENT OF CUSTODIAL ACCOUNTS. (1) IN GENERAL. Subject to paragraph (2) and notwithstanding subsection (a) or any limitation contained in the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1811, et seq.] relating to the amount of deposit insurance available to any 1 borrower, amounts held in custodial accounts in insured depository institutions (as defined in section 3(c)(2) of such Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813(c)(2)] for the payment of principal, interest, tax, and insurance payments for mortgage borrowers, shall be insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act in the amount of $100,000 per mortgage borrower.

(2) TREATMENT AFTER EFFECTIVE DATE OF NEW REGULATIONS. After the effective date of the regulations prescribed under subsection (c):

(A) the amount of deposit insurance available for custodial accounts shall be determined in accordance with such regulations; and

(B) paragraph (1) shall cease to apply with respect to such accounts.

(e) TREATMENT OF REFERENCES IN ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGE INSTRUMENTS. (1) IN GENERAL. For purposes of adjustable rate mortgage instruments that are in effect as of the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], any reference in the instrument to the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, or institutions insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation before such date shall be treated as a reference to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Finance Board, the Office of Thrift Supervision, or institutions which are members of the Savings Association Insurance Fund, as appropriate on the basis of the transfer of functions pursuant to the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, unless the context of the reference requires otherwise.

(2) SUBSTITUTION FOR INDEXES. If any index used to calculate the applicable interest rate on any adjustable rate mortgage instrument is no longer calculated and made available as a direct or indirect result of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, any index:

(A) made available by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board pursuant to paragraph (3); or

(B) determined by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board, pursuant to paragraph (4), to be substantially similar to the index which is no longer calculated or made available,

may be substituted by the holder of any such adjustable rate mortgage instrument upon notice to the borrower.

(3) AGENCY ACTION REQUIRED TO PROVIDE CONTINUED AVAILABILITY OF INDEXES. Promptly after the enactment of this subsection, the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall take such action as may be necessary to assure that the indexes prepared by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, and the Federal home loan banks immediately prior to the enactment of this subsection [August 9, 1989] and used to calculate the interest rate on adjustable rate mortgage instruments continue to be available.

(4) REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO SUBSTITUTE INDEXES. If any agency can no longer make available an index pursuant to paragraph (3), an index that is substantially similar to such index may be substituted for such index for purposes of paragraph (2) if the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board, as the case may be, determines, after notice and opportunity for comment, that:

(A) the new index is based upon data substantially similar to that of the original index; and

(B) the substitution of the new index will result in an interest rate substantially similar to the rate in effect at the time the original index became unavailable.
FIRREA SECTION 403 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] DETERMINATION OF TRANSFERRED FUNCTIONS AND EMPLOYEES.
(a) ALL FHLBB AND FSLIC EMPLOYEES SHALL BE TRANSFERRED. All employees of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation shall be identified for transfer under subsection (b) to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of Thrift Supervision, or the Federal Housing Finance Board.

(b) FUNCTIONS AND EMPLOYEES TRANSFERRED. (1) IN GENERAL. The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Oversight Board of the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board, and the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (as of the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989]) shall jointly determine the functions or activities of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, and the number of employees of such Board and Corporation necessary to perform or support such functions or activities, which are transferred from the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation to the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Federal Housing Finance Board, as the case may be.

(2) ALLOCATION OF EMPLOYEES. The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Oversight Board of the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall allocate the employees of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation consistent with the number determined pursuant to paragraph (1) in a manner which such Director, Chairman, and Chairpersons, in their sole discretion, deem equitable, except that, within work units, the agency preferences of individual employees shall be accommodated as far as possible.

(c) FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK PERSONNEL. Employees of the Federal home loan banks or the joint offices of such banks who, on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], are performing functions or activities on behalf of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation shall be treated as employees of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation for purposes of determining, pursuant to subsection (b)(1), the number of employees performing or supporting functions or activities of such Board or Corporation to the extent such functions or activities are transferred to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Resolution Trust Corporation, or the Federal Housing Finance Board.

(d) FSLIC EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN CONSERVATORSHIP OR RECEIVERSHIP FUNCTIONS. Individuals who, on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], are employed by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation in such Corporation's capacity as conservator or receiver of any insured depository institution shall be treated as employees of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation for purposes of determining, pursuant to subsection (b)(1), the number of employees performing or supporting functions or activities of such Corporation if such conservatorship or receivership is transferred to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Resolution Trust Corporation.
FIRREA SECTION 404 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] RIGHTS OF EMPLOYEES OF ABOLISHED AGENCIES.
All employees identified for transfer under subsection (b) of [FIRREA] section 403 (other than individuals described in subsection (c) or (d) of such section) shall be entitled to the following rights:

(1) Each employee so identified shall be transferred to the appropriate agency or entity for employment no later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] and such transfer shall be deemed a transfer of function for the purpose of section 3503 of title 5, United States Code.

(2) Each transferred employee shall be guaranteed a position with the same status, tenure, grade, and pay as that held on the day immediately preceding the transfer. Each such employee holding a permanent position shall not be involuntarily separated or reduced in grade or compensation for 1 year after the date of transfer, except for cause or, if the employee is a temporary employee, separated in accordance with the terms of the appointment.

(3)(A) In the case of employees occupying positions in the excepted service or the Senior Executive Service, any appointment authority established pursuant to law or regulations of the Office of Personnel Management for filling such positions shall be transferred, subject to subparagraph (B).

(B) An agency or entity may decline a transfer of authority under subparagraph (A) (and the employees appointed pursuant thereto) to the extent that such authority relates to positions excepted from the competitive service because of their confidential, policy-making, policy-determining, or policy-advocating character, and noncareer positions in the Senior Executive Service (within the meaning of section 3132(a)(7) of title 5, United States Code).

(4) If any agency or entity to which employees are transferred determines, after the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date the transfer of functions to such agency or entity is completed, that a reorganization of the combined work force is required, that reorganization shall be deemed a “major reorganization” for purposes of affording affected employees retirement under section 8336(d)(2) or 8414(b)(1)(B) of title 5, United States Code.

(5) Any employee accepting employment with any agency or entity (other than the Office of Thrift Supervision) as a result of such transfer may retain for 1 year after the date such transfer occurs membership in any employee benefit program of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, including insurance, to which such employee belongs on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] if:

(A) the employee does not elect to give up the benefit or membership in the program; and

(B) the benefit or program is continued by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision. The difference in the costs between the benefits which would have been provided by such agency or entity and those provided by this section shall be paid by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision. If any employee elects to give up membership in a health insurance program or the health insurance program is not continued by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the employee shall be permitted to select an alternate Federal health insurance program within 30 days of such election or notice, without regard to any other regularly scheduled open season.

(6) Any employee employed by the Office of Thrift Supervision as a result of the transfer may retain membership in any employee benefit program of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, including insurance, which such employee has on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], if such employee does not elect to give up such membership and the benefit or program is continued by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision. If any employee elects to give up membership in a health insurance program or the health insurance program is not continued by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, such employee shall be permitted to select an alternate Federal health insurance program within 30 days of such election or discontinuance, without regard to any other regularly scheduled open season.

(7) A transferring employee in the Senior Executive Service shall be placed in a comparable position at the agency or entity to which such employee is transferred.

(8) Transferring employees shall receive notice of their position assignments not later than 120 days after the effective date of their transfer.

(9) Upon the termination of the Resolution Trust Corporation pursuant to section 21A(m) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441a (m)], any employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation assigned to the Resolution Trust Corporation shall be reassigned to a position within the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs (2) and (4) through (7) of this section, except that the liability for any difference in the costs of benefits described in paragraph (5) shall be a liability of the Resolution Trust Corporation and not the Office of Thrift Supervision.
FIRREA SECTION 405 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] DIVISION OF PROPERTY AND FACILITIES.
Before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Chairperson of the Oversight Board of the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall jointly divide all property of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation and the Federal Home Loan Bank Board used to perform functions and activities of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board among the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Federal Housing Finance Board in accordance with the division of responsibilities, functions, and activities effected by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989. Any disagreement between them in so doing shall be resolved by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
FIRREA SECTION 406 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] REPORT.
Before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], the Chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board shall provide by written report to the Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and the Congress, a final accounting of the finances and operations of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation.
FIRREA SECTION 722 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] TRANSFERRED EMPLOYEES OF FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS AND JOINT OFFICES.
(a) IN GENERAL. Each employee of the Federal Home Loan Banks or joint offices of such Banks performing a function identified for transfer under section 403 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, including employees who otherwise would be ineligible for employment by the United States because of their citizenship, shall be transferred for employment not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(b) NOTICE TO EMPLOYEES. Transferring employees shall receive notice of their position assignments not later than 120 days after the effective date of their transfer.

(c) GUARANTEED POSITION. Each transferred employee shall be guaranteed a position with the same status and tenure as that held by such employee on the day immediately preceding the transfer. Each such employee holding a permanent position shall not be involuntarily separated for one year after the date of transfer, except for cause.

(d) PAY AND BENEFITS. Each employee transferred under this section shall be entitled to receive, during the one-year period immediately following the transfer, pay and benefits comparable to those received by such employee immediately preceding the transfer. Where necessary or appropriate to further the safety and soundness of the thrift industry, the employing agency may continue the pre-transfer compensation of any transferring employee for up to 2 years beyond the expiration of the period provided for under the preceding sentence. Such pay and benefits shall be subject to the comparability provisions of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989. Any transferred employee who suffers a reduction of pay or benefits as a result of such comparability provisions shall be compensated for such reduction during the 1 year period following the transfer by assessments from the Federal Home Loan Bank or joint office of such Banks, from which the employee transferred. In any event, this subsection shall only apply to a transferred employee while such employee remains with the agency to which the employee is transferred.

(e) HEALTH INSURANCE. If the health insurance program of a transferred employee is not continued by the agency to which the employee is transferred, such employee may elect to participate in the agency's health insurance program notwithstanding health conditions pre-existing at the time of election or enrollment into an alternate health insurance program of the agency to which he or she is transferred and without regard to any other regularly scheduled open season. Such election shall be made within 30 days of the transfer.

(f) EQUITABLE TREATMENT. The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision or the Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall take such action as is necessary on a case-by-case basis so that employees transferring under this section receive equitable treatment regarding credit for prior service with a Federal entity or instrumentality, or with a Federal Home Loan Bank or joint office of such Banks, with respect to the transferring employees' retirement accounts and the transferring employees' accrued leave or vacation time, in recognition of the transferring employees' supervisory service.

(g) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN ANNUITANTS. An individual who was a reemployed annuitant on July 26, 1989, and who is transferred under this section, shall not be subject to the deduction from pay required by section 8344 or 8468 of title 5, United States Code, during the 1-year period beginning on August 9, 1989.
FIRREA SECTION 723 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS.
(a) FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS' SHARE OF ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. The Federal Home Loan Banks shall pay to the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision the amount obtained by multiplying the administrative expenses of the Office of Thrift Supervision incurred in connection with functions of the Banks that are transferred to the Office (less any fees or assessments collected by the Office) by a fraction:

(1) the numerator of which is the amount of such expenses of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation paid by the Banks during the 1-year period ending on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989]; and

(2) the denominator of which is the total expenses of such Board and Corporation during such period.

No payment under this subsection is required after December 31, 1989.

(b) COMPENSATION OF SUPERVISORY AND EXAMINATIONS EMPLOYEES. The Federal Home Loan Banks shall continue to pay the compensation of employees of the Federal Home Loan Banks or the joint offices of such banks who, on the day before the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], are performing supervisory and examination functions until such supervisory and examination functions are transferred under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989. Thereafter, the obligation of the Federal Home Loan Banks hereunder to pay such applicable compensation shall continue until the later of:

(1) the date which is 120 days after the date of transfer of such supervisory and examination functions to the Office of Thrift Supervision, or

(2) March 31, 1990.

Payment of such compensation by the Federal Home Loan Banks shall be in lieu of, and not in addition to, the payment of compensation by the Office of Thrift Supervision.

(c) FACILITIES AND SUPPORT SERVICES. Until December 31, 1990, the Federal Home Loan Banks, as necessary, shall (with respect to supervisory and examination functions performed by employees transferred from the Federal Home Loan Banks or joint offices of such Banks to the Office of Thrift Supervision), provide the Office of Thrift Supervision facilities and support services comparable to those presently provided for the employees of the Federal Home Loan Banks or joint offices of such Banks performing such supervisory and examination functions, including office space, furniture and equipment, computer, personnel, and other support services. With respect to supervisory and examination functions presently performed by employees of individual Federal Home Loan Banks, each such Bank will only be required to provide such facilities and support services to the extent that the functions continue to be performed in that Bank's offices.

(d) PRINCIPAL SUPERVISORY AGENT. Beginning on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] until the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision shall otherwise provide, the Principal Supervisory Agent for each Federal Home Loan Bank district shall be the senior supervisory official (other than the President of the Federal Home Loan Bank) employed by the Federal Home Loan Bank in such district on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, and such employees performing supervisory and examination functions shall continue to be responsible for the supervision and examination of savings associations within such district.
FIRREA SECTION 725 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 NOTE] SPECIAL ACCOUNT.
At the time of dissolution of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, all such moneys and funds as shall remain in the special deposit account of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, or other such accounts, shall become the property of the Federal Housing Finance Board.
SECTION 18 [12 U.S.C. § 1438] ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES.
(a) [Repealed by FIRREA Section 712]

(b) ASSESSMENTS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. (1) IN GENERAL. The Board may impose a semiannual assessment on the Federal Home Loan Banks, the aggregate amount of which is sufficient to provide for the payment of the Board's estimated expenses for the period for which such assessment is made.

(2) DEFICIENCIES. If, at any time, amounts available from any assessment for any semiannual period are insufficient to cover the expenses of the Board incurred in carrying out the provisions of this Act during such period, the Board may make an immediate assessment against the Banks to cover the amount of the deficiency for such semiannual period.

(3) SURPLUSES. If, at the end of any semiannual period for which an assessment is made, any amount remains from such assessment, such amount will be deducted from the assessment on the Banks by the Board for the following semiannual period.

(c) QUARTERS AND FACILITIES; ADVANCES OF FUNDS; OBLIGATIONS OF UNITED STATES; LEGAL INVESTMENTS; APPROVAL OF PLANS AND DESIGNS; CUSTODY, MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL; RECEIPTS; EXPENSE EXCLUSIONS; PROPERTY DEFINED; BUDGET PREPARATION PROGRAM; AUDIT; ZONING REGULATIONS; DELEGATION OF FUNCTIONS; LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS. (1) The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, utilizing the services of the Administrator of General Services (hereinafter referred to as the "Administrator"), and subject to any limitation hereon which may hereafter be imposed in appropriation Acts, is hereby authorized:

(A) to acquire, in the name of the United States, real property in the District of Columbia, for the purposes set forth in this subsection;

(B) to construct, develop, furnish, and equip such buildings thereon and such facilities as in its judgment may be appropriate to provide, to such extent as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may deem advisable, suitable and adequate quarters and facilities for the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and the agencies under its administration or supervision;

(C) to enlarge, remodel, or reconstruct any of the same; and

(D) to make or enter into contracts for any of the foregoing.

(2) The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may require of the respective banks, and they shall make to the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, such advances of funds for the purposes set out in paragraph (1) as in the sole judgment of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may from time to time be advisable. Such advances shall be in addition to the assessments authorized in subsection (b) of this section and shall be apportioned by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision among the banks in proportion to the total assets of the respective banks, determined in such manner and as of such times as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may prescribe. Each such advance shall bear interest at the rate of 4 1/2 per centum per annum from the date of the advance and shall be repaid by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision in such installments and over such period, not longer than twenty-five years from the making of the advance, as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may determine. Payments of interest and principal upon such advances shall be made from receipts of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision or from other sources which may from time to time be available to the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision. The obligation of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision to make any such payment shall not be regarded as an obligation of the United States. To such extent as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may prescribe any such obligation shall be regarded as a legal investment for the purposes of subsections (g) and (h) of section 11 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1431(g) and (h)] and for the purposes of section 16 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1436].

(3) The plans and designs for such buildings and facilities and for any such enlargement, remodeling, or reconstruction shall, to such extent as the chairperson or the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision may request, be subject to his approval.

(4) Upon the making of arrangements mutually agreeable to the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Administrator, which arrangements may be modified from time to time by mutual agreement between them and may include but shall not be limited to the making of payments by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and such agencies to the Administrator and by the Administrator to the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the custody, management, and control of such buildings and facilities and of such real property shall be vested in the Administrator in accordance therewith. Until the making of such arrangements such custody, management, and control, including the assignment and allotment and the reassignment and reallotment of building and other space, shall be vested in the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision.

(5) Any proceeds (including advances) received by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision in connection with this subsection, and any proceeds from the sale or other disposition of real or other property acquired by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision under this subsection, shall be considered as receipts of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, and obligations andexpenditures of the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and such agencies in connection with this subsection shall not be considered as administrative expenses. As used in this subsection, the term "property" shall include interests in property.

(6) With respect to its functions under this subsection the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision shall (A) annually prepare and submit a budget program as provided in title I of the Government Corporation Control Act [chapter 91 of Title 31] with regard to wholly owned Government corporations, and for purposes of this sentence, the terms "wholly owned Government corporations," and "Government corporations," wherever used in such title, shall include the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, and (B) maintain an integral set of accounts which shall be audited by the General Accounting Office in accordance with the principles and procedures applicable to commercial corporate transactions as provided in such title, and no other settlement or adjustment shall be required with respect to transactions under this subsection or with respect to claims, demands, or accounts by or against any person arising thereunder. The first budget program shall be for the first full fiscal year beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this subsection [enacted Nov. 3, 1966]. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection or by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision, the provisions of this subsection and the functions thereby or thereunder subsisting shall be applicable and exercisable notwithstanding and without regard to the Act of June 20, 1938 (D.C. Code, sections 5-413—5-428), except that the proviso of section 16 thereof shall apply to any building constructed under this subsection, and section 306 of the Act of July 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 584) [40 U.S.C. § 129] or any other provision of law relating to the construction, alteration, repair, or furnishing of public or other buildings or structures or the obtaining of sites therefor, but any person or body in whom any such function is vested may provide for delegation or redelegation of the exercise of such function.

(7) No obligation shall be incurred and no expenditure, except in liquidation of obligation, shall be made pursuant to the first two subparagraphs of paragraph (1) of this subsection if the total amount of all obligations incurred pursuant thereto would thereupon exceed $13,200,000, or such greater amount as may be provided in an appropriation Act or other law.
SECTION 20 [12 U.S.C. § 1440] EXAMINATIONS AND REPORTS.
The Board shall from time to time, at least annually, require examinations and reports of condition of all Federal Home Loan Banks in such form as the Board shall prescribe and shall furnish periodically statements based upon the reports of the banks to the Board. For the purposes of this Act, examiners appointed by the Board shall be subject to the same requirements, responsibilities, and penalties, as are applicable to examiners under the National Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 21, et seq.] and the Federal Reserve Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 221, et seq.], and shall have, in the exercise of functions under this Act, the same powers and privileges as are vested in such examiners by law. In addition to such examinations, the Comptroller General may audit or examine the Board and the Banks, to determine the extent to which the Board and the Banks are fairly and effectively fulfilling the purposes of this Act.
SECTION 21 [12 U.S.C. § 1441] FINANCING CORPORATION.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal Housing Finance Board shall charter a corporation to be known as the Financing Corporation.

(b) MANAGEMENT OF FINANCING CORPORATION. (1) DIRECTORATE. The Financing Corporation shall be under the management of a directorate composed of 3 members as follows:

(A) The Director of the Office of Finance of the Federal Home Loan Banks (or the head of any successor to such office).

(B) 2 members selected by the Federal Housing Finance Board from among the presidents of the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(2) TERMS. Each member appointed under paragraph (1)(B) shall be appointed for a term of 1 year.

(3) VACANCY. If any member leaves the office in which such member was serving when appointed to the Directorate:

(A) such member's service on the Directorate shall terminate on the date such member leaves such office; and

(B) the successor to the office of such member shall serve the remainder of such member's term.

(4) EQUAL REPRESENTATION OF BANKS. No president of a Federal Home Loan Bank may be appointed to serve an additional term on the Directorate until such time as the presidents of each of the other Federal Home Loan Banks have served as many terms on the Directorate as the president of such bank (before the appointment of such president to such additional term).

(5) CHAIRPERSON. The Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall select the chairperson of the Directorate from among the 3 members of the Directorate.

(6) STAFF. (A) NO PAID EMPLOYEES. The Financing Corporation shall have no paid employees.

(B) POWERS. The Directorate may, with the approval of the Federal Housing Finance Board, authorize the officers, employees, or agents of the Federal Home Loan Banks to act for and on behalf of the Financing Corporation in such manner as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Financing Corporation.

(7) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. (A) IN GENERAL. All administrative expenses of the Financing Corporation shall be paid by the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(B) PRO RATA DISTRIBUTION. The amount each Federal Home Loan Bank shall pay shall be determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board by multiplying the total administrative expenses for any period by the percentage arrived at by dividing:

(i) the aggregate amount the Federal Housing Finance Board required such bank to invest in the Financing Corporation (as of the time of such determination) under paragraphs (4) and (5) of subsection (d) of this section (as computed without regard to paragraph (3) or (6) of such subsection);

(ii) the aggregate amount the Federal Housing Finance Board required all Federal Home Loan Banks to invest (as of the time of such determination) under such paragraphs.

(C) Administrative expenses defined. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "administrative expenses" does not include:

(i) issuance costs (as such term is defined in subsection (g)(5)(A) of this section);

(ii) any interest on (and any redemption premium with respect to) any obligation of the Financing Corporation; or

(iii) custodian fees (as such term is defined in subsection (g)(5)(B) of this section).

(8) REGULATION BY FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD. The Directorate shall be subject to such regulations, orders, and directions as the Federal Housing Finance Board may prescribe.

(9) NO COMPENSATION FROM FINANCING CORPORATION. Members of the Directorate shall receive no pay, allowances, or benefits from the Financing Corporation by reason of their service on the Directorate.

(c) POWERS OF FINANCING CORPORATION. The Financing Corporation shall have only the following powers, subject to the other provisions of this section and such regulations, orders, and directions as the Federal Housing Finance Board may prescribe:

(1) To issue nonvoting capital stock to the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(2) To invest in any security issued by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under section 402(b) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1725(b)] prior to the date of the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [enacted Aug. 9, 1989] and thereafter to transfer the proceeds of any obligation issued by the Financing Corporation to the FSLIC Resolution Fund.

(3) To issue debentures, bonds, or other obligations and to borrow, to give security for any amount borrowed, and to pay interest on (and any redemption premium with respect to) any such obligation or amount.

(4) To impose assessments in accordance with subsection (f) of this section.

(5) To adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal.

(6) To have succession until dissolved.

(7) To enter into contracts.

(8) To sue and be sued in its corporate capacity, and to complain and defend in any action brought by or against the Financing Corporation in any State or Federal court of competent jurisdiction.

(9) To exercise such incidental powers not inconsistent with the provisions of this section as are necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this section.

(d) CAPITALIZATION OF FINANCING CORPORATION. (1) PURCHASE OF CAPITAL STOCK BY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS. (A) IN GENERAL. Each Federal Home Loan Bank shall invest in nonvoting capital stock of the Financing Corporation at such times and in such amounts as the Federal Housing Finance Board may prescribe under this subsection.

(B) PAR VALUE; TRANSFERABILITY. Each share of stock issued by the Financing Corporation to a Federal Home Loan Bank shall have par value in an amount determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board and shall be transferable only among the Federal Home Loan Banks in the manner and to the extent prescribed by the Federal Housing Finance Board at not less than par value.

(2) AGGREGATE DOLLAR AMOUNT LIMITATION ON ALL INVESTMENTS. The aggregate amount of funds invested by all Federal Home Loan Banks in nonvoting capital stock of the Financing Corporation shall not exceed $3,000,000,000.

(3) MAXIMUM INVESTMENT AMOUNT LIMITATION FOR EACH FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK. The cumulative amount of funds invested in nonvoting capital stock of the Financing Corporation by each Federal Home Loan Bank shall not exceed the aggregate amount of:

(A) the sum of:

(i) the reserves maintained by such bank on December 31, 1985, pursuant to the requirement contained in the first 2 sentences of section 16 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1436]; and

(ii) the undivided profits (as defined in paragraph (7)) of such bank on such date; and

(B) the sum of:

(i) the amounts added to reserves after December 31, 1985, pursuant to the requirement contained in the first 2 sentences of section 16 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1436]; and 

(ii) the undivided profits of such bank accruing after such date.

(4) PRO RATA DISTRIBUTION OF 1ST $1,000,000,000 INVESTED IN FINANCING CORPORATION BY HOME LOAN BANKS. Of the first $1,000,000,000 in the aggregate which the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board pursuant to section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b] or the Federal Housing Finance Board under this section (as the case may be) may require the Federal Home Loan Banks collectively to invest in the stock of the Funding Corporation or invest in the capital stock of the Financing Corporation, respectively, the amount which each Federal Home Loan Bank (or any successor to such Bank) shall invest shall be determined by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Federal Housing Finance Board (as the case may be) by multiplying the aggregate amount of such payment or investment by all Banks by the percentage appearing in the following table for each such Bank:

BankPercentage
Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston1.8629
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York9.1006
Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh4.2702
Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta14.4007
Federal Home Loan Bank of Cincinnati8.2653
Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis5.2863
Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago9.6886
Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines6.9301
Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas8.8181
Federal Home Loan Bank of Topeka5.2706
Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco19.9644
Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle6.1422

(5) PRO RATA DISTRIBUTION OF AMOUNTS REQUIRED TO BE INVESTED IN EXCESS OF $1,000,000,000. With respect to any amount in excess of the $1,000,000,000 amount referred to in paragraph (4) which the Federal Housing Finance Board may require the Federal Home Loan Banks to invest in capital stock of the Financing Corporation under this subsection, the amount which each Federal Home Loan Bank (or any successor to such bank) shall invest shall be determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board by multiplying such excess amount by the percentage arrived at by dividing:

(A) the sum of the total assets (as of the most recent December 31) held by all insured institutions which are members of such bank; by

(B) the sum of the total assets (as of such date) held by all Savings Association Insurance Fund members which are members of any Federal Home Loan Bank.

(6) SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO MAXIMUM AMOUNT LIMITATIONS. (A) IN GENERAL. If the amount any Federal Home Loan Bank is required to invest in capital stock of the Financing Corporation pursuant to a determination by the Federal Housing Finance Board under paragraph (5) (or under subparagraph (B) of this paragraph) exceeds the maximum investment amount applicable with respect to such bank under paragraph (3) at the time of such determination (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the "excess amount"):

(i) the Federal Housing Finance Board shall require each remaining Federal Home Loan Bank to invest (in addition to the amount determined under paragraph (5) for such remaining bank and subject to the maximum investment amount applicable with respect to such remaining bank under paragraph (3) at the time of such determination) in such capital stock on behalf of the bank in the amount determined under subparagraph (B);

(ii) the Federal Housing Finance Board shall require the bank to subsequently purchase the excess amount of capital stock from the remaining banks in the manner described in subparagraph (C); and

(iii) the requirements contained in subparagraphs (D) and (E) relating to the use of net earnings shall apply to such bank until the bank has purchased all of the excess amount of capital stock.

(B) ALLOCATION OF EXCESS AMOUNT AMONG REMAINING HOME LOAN BANKS. The amount each remaining Federal Home Loan Bank shall be required to invest under subparagraph (A)(i) is the amount determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board by multiplying the excess amount by the percentage arrived at by dividing:

(i) the amount of capital stock of the Financing Corporation held by such remaining bank at the time of such determination; by

(ii) the aggregate amount of such stock held by all remaining banks at such time.

(C) PURCHASE PROCEDURE. The bank on whose behalf an investment in capital stock is made under subparagraph (A)(i) shall purchase, annually and at the issuance price, from each remaining bank an amount of such stock determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board by multiplying the amount available for such purchases (at the time of such determination) by the percentage determined under subparagraph (B) with respect to such remaining bank until the aggregate amount of such capital stock has been purchased by the bank.

(D) LIMITATION ON DIVIDENDS. The amount of dividends which may be paid for any year by a bank on whose behalf an investment is made under subparagraph (A)(i) shall not exceed an amount equal to 1/2 of the net earnings of the bank for the year.

(E) TRANSFER TO ACCOUNT FOR PURCHASE OF STOCK REQUIRED. Of the net earnings for any year of a bank on whose behalf an investment is made under subparagraph (A)(i), such amount as is necessary to make the purchases of stock required under subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be placed in a reserve account (established in such manner as the Federal Housing Finance Board shall prescribe by regulations) the balance in which shall be available only for such purchases.

(7) UNDIVIDED PROFITS DEFINED. For purposes of paragraph (3), the term "undivided profits" means retained earnings minus the sum of:

(A) that portion required to be added to reserves maintained pursuant to the first two sentences of section 16 of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1436]; and

(B) the dollar amounts held by the respective Federal Home Loan Banks in special dividend stabilization reserves on December 31, 1985, as determined under the following table:
BankDollar amount
Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston$3.2 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York$7.7 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh$5.2 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta$12.3 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Cincinnati$5.9 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis$37.4 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago$6.0 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines$32.7 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas$45.0 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Topeka$13.7 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco$21.9 million
Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle$33.6 million

(e) OBLIGATIONS OF THE FINANCING CORPORATION. (1) LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OF OUTSTANDING OBLIGATIONS. The aggregate amount of obligations of the Financing Corporation which may be outstanding at any time (as determined by the Federal Housing Finance Board) shall not exceed the lesser of:

(A) an amount equal to the greater of:

(i) 5 times the amount of the nonvoting capital stock of the Financing Corporation which is outstanding at such time; or

(ii) the sum of the face amounts (the amount of principal payable at maturity) of securities described in subsection (g)(2) of this section which are held at such time in the segregated account established pursuant to such subsection; or

(B) $10,825,000,000.

(2) TERMINATION OF BORROWING AUTHORITY. No obligation of the Financing Corporation shall be issued after the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Refinancing, Restructuring, and Improvement Act of 1991 [enacted Dec. 12, 1991].

(3) LIMITATION ON TERM OF OBLIGATIONS. No obligation of the Financing Corporation may be issued which matures:

(A) more than 30 years after the date of issue; or

(B) after December 31, 2026.

(4) INVESTMENT OF UNITED STATES FUNDS IN OBLIGATIONS. Obligations issued under this section by the Financing Corporation with the approval of the Federal Housing Finance Board shall be lawful investments, and may be accepted as security, for all fiduciary, trust, and public funds the investment or deposit of which shall be under the authority or control of the United States or any officer of the United States.

(5) MARKET FOR OBLIGATIONS. All persons having the power to invest in, sell, underwrite, purchase for their own accounts, accept as security, or otherwise deal in obligations of the Federal Home Loan Banks shall also have the power to do so with respect to obligations of the Financing Corporation.

(6) NO FULL FAITH AND CREDIT OF THE UNITED STATES. Obligations of the Financing Corporation and the interest payable on such obligations shall not be obligations of, or guaranteed as to principal or interest by, the Federal Home Loan Banks, the United States, or the FSLIC Resolution Fund and the obligations shall so plainly state

(7) TAX EXEMPT STATUS. (A) IN GENERAL. Except as provided in subparagraph (B), obligations of the Financing Corporation shall be exempt from tax both as to principal and interest to the same extent as any obligation of a Federal Home Loan Bank is exempt from tax under section 13 of tis Act [12 U.S.C. § 1433].

(B) EXCEPTION. The Financing Corporation, like the Federal Home Loan Banks, shall be treated as an agency of the United States for purposes of the first sentence of section 3124(b) of title 31, United States Code (relating to determination of tax status of interest on obligations).

(8) OBLIGATIONS ARE EXEMPT SECURITIES. Notwithstanding paragraph (7), obligations of the Financing Corporation shall be deemed to be exempt securities (within the meaning of laws administered by the Securities and Exchange Commission) to the same extent as securities which are direct obligations of the United States or are guaranteed as to principal or interest by the United States.

(9) MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC OFFERINGS. The Chairperson of the Federal Housing Finance Board and the Directorate shall ensure that minority owned or controlled commercial banks, investment banking firms, underwriters, and bond counsels throughout the United States have an opportunity to participate to a significant degree in any public offering of obligations issued under this section.

(f) SOURCES OF FUNDS FOR INTEREST PAYMENTS; FINANCING CORPORATION ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY. The Financing Corporation shall obtain funds for anticipated interest payments, issuance costs, and custodial fees on obligations issued hereunder from the following sources:

(1) PREENACTMENT ASSESSMENTS. The Financing Corporation assessments which were assessed on insured institutions pursuant to this section as in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(2) NEW ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY. In addition to the amounts obtained pursuant to paragraph (1), the Financing Corporation, with the approval of the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, shall assess against each insured depository institution member an assessment (in the same manner as assessments are assessed against such institutions by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under section 7 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1817]), except that:

(A) the assessments imposed on insured depository institutions with respect to any BIF-assessable deposit shall be assessed at a rate equal to 1/5 of the rate of the assessments imposed on insured depository institutions with respect to any SAIF-assessable deposit; and

(B) no limitation under clause (i) or (iii) of section 7(b)(2)(A) of the Federal Deposit InsuranceAct [12 U.S.C. § 1817(b)(2)(A)] shall apply for purposes of this paragraph.

(3) RECEIVERSHIP PROCEEDS. To the extent the amounts available pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) are insufficient to cover the amount of interest payments, issuance costs, and custodial fees, and if the funds are not required by the Resolution Funding Corporation to provide funds for the Funding Corporation Principal Fund under section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b], the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall transfer to the Financing Corporation, from the liquidating dividends and payments made on claims received by the FSLIC Resolution Fund (established under section 11A of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821a]) from receiverships, the remaining amount of funds necessary for the Financing Corporation to make interest payments.

(g) USE AND DISPOSITION OF ASSETS OF THE FINANCING CORPORATION NOT INVESTED IN FSLIC. (1) IN GENERAL. Subject to such regulations, restrictions, and limitations as may be prescribed by the Federal Housing Finance Board, assets of the Financing Corporation, which are not invested in capital certificates or capital stock issued by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under section 402(b)(1)(A) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1725(b)(1)(A)] before the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] and after such date in capital certificates issued by the FSLIC Resolution Fund, shall be invested in:

(A) direct obligations of the United States;

(B) obligations, participations, or other instruments of, or issued by, the Federal National Mortgage Association or the Government National Mortgage Association;

(C) mortgages, obligations, or other securities for sale by, or which have been disposed of by, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation under section 305 or 306 of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. § 1454 or 1455]; or

(D) any other security in which it is lawful for fiduciary and trust funds to be invested under the laws of any State.

(2) SEGREGATED ACCOUNT FOR ZERO COUPON INSTRUMENTS HELD TO ASSURE PAYMENT OF PRINCIPAL. The Financing Corporation shall invest in, and hold in a segregated account, noninterest bearing instruments:

(A) which are securities described in paragraph (1); and

(B) the total of the face amounts (the amount of principal payable at maturity) of which is approximately equal to the aggregate amount of principal on the obligations of the Financing Corporation, to assure the repayment of principal on obligations of the Financing Corporation. For purposes of the foregoing, the Financing Corporation shall be deemed to hold noninterest bearing instruments that it lends temporarily to primary United States Treasury dealers in order to enhance market liquidity and facilitate deliveries, provided that United States Treasury securities of equal or greater value have been delivered as collateral.

(3) DOLLAR AMOUNT LIMITATION ON INVESTMENT IN ZERO COUPON INSTRUMENTS FOR SEGREGATED ACCOUNT. The aggregate amount invested by the Financing Corporation under paragraph (2) shall not exceed $2,200,000,000 (as determined on the basis of the purchase price).

(4) EXCEPTION FOR PAYMENT OF ISSUANCE COSTS, INTEREST, AND CUSTODIAN FEES. Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (1), the assets of the Financing Corporation referred to in paragraph (1) which are not invested under paragraph (2) may be used to pay:

(A) issuance costs;

(B) any interest on (and any redemption premium with respect to) any obligation of the Financing Corporation; and

(C) custodian fees.

(5) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection:

(A) ISSUANCE COSTS. The term "issuance costs":

(i) means issuance fees and commissions incurred by the Financing Corporation in connection with the issuance or servicing of any obligation of the Financing Corporation; and

(ii) includes legal and accounting expenses, trustee and fiscal and paying agent charges, costs incurred in connection with preparing and printing offering materials, and advertising expenses, to the extent that any such cost or expense is incurred by the Financing Corporation in connection with issuing any obligation.

(B) CUSTODIAN FEES. The term "custodian fee" means:

(i) any fee incurred by the Financing Corporation in connection with the transfer of any security to, or the maintenance of any security in, the segregated account established under paragraph (2); and

(ii) any other expense incurred by the Financing Corporation in connection with the establishment or maintenance of such account.

(h) MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RELATING TO FINANCING CORPORATION. (1) TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES. Except as provided in subsection (e)(8)(B) of this section, the Financing Corporation shall be treated as a Federal Home Loan Bank for purposes of sections 13 and 23 of this Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1433 and 1443].

(2) FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AS DEPOSITARIES AND FISCAL AGENTS. The Federal Reserve banks are authorized to act as depositaries for or fiscal agents or custodians of the Financing Corporation.

(3) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO GOVERNMENT CORPORATION. Notwithstanding the fact that no Government funds may be invested in the Financing Corporation, the Financing Corporation shall be treated, for purposes of sections 9105, 9107, and 9108 of title 31, United States Code, as a mixed-ownership Government corporation which has capital of the Government.(i) TERMINATION OF THE FINANCING CORPORATION.

(1) IN GENERAL. The Financing Corporation shall be dissolved, as soon as practicable, after the earlier of:

(A) the maturity and full payment of all obligations issued by the Financing Corporation pursuant to this section; or

(B) December 31, 2026.

(2) BOARD AUTHORITY TO CONCLUDE AFFAIRS OF FINANCING CORPORATION. Effective on the date of the dissolution of the Financing Corporation under paragraph (1), the Federal Housing Finance Board may exercise, on behalf of the Financing Corporation, any power of the Financing Corporation which the Federal Housing Finance Board determines to be necessary to settle and conclude the affairs of the Financing Corporation.

(j) REGULATIONS. The Federal Housing Finance Board may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section, including regulations defining terms used in this section.

(k) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) DIRECTORATE. The term "Directorate" means the directorate established in the manner provided in subsection (b)(1) of this section to manage the Financing Corporation.

(2) NET EARNINGS DEFINED. The term "net earnings" means net earnings without reduction for any chargeoffs or expenses incurred by a Bank in connection with the purchase of capital stock of the Financing Corporation or the purchase of stock of the Funding Corporation required by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board under subsections (e) and (f) of section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b(e), (f)].

(3) INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term "insured depository institution" has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 USC § 1813].

(4) DEPOSIT TERMS. (A) BIF-ASSESSABLE DEPOSITS. The term "BIF-assessable deposit" means a deposit that is subject to assessment for purposes of the Bank Insurance Fund under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (including a deposit that is treated as a deposit insured by the Bank Insurance Fund under section 5(d)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act) [12 U.S.C. § 1815(d)(3)].

(B) SAIF-ASSESSABLE DEPOSIT. The term "SAIF-assessable deposit" has the meaning given to such term in section 2710 of the Deposit Insurance Funds Act of 1996 [12 U.S.C. § 1821 note].
SECTION 21A [12 U.S.C. § 1441A] THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD AND RESOLUTION TRUST CORPORATION.
(a) THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD ESTABLISHED. (1) IN GENERAL. There is hereby established the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board as an instrumentality of the United States with the powers and authorities herein provided.

(2) STATUS. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall oversee and monitor the operations of the Resolution Trust Corporation (hereinafter referred to in this section as the "Corporation") and shall be accountable for the duties assigned to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board by this Act. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall be an "agency" of the United States for purposes of subchapter II of chapter 5 and chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 551, et seq. and §§ 701, et seq.].

(3) MEMBERSHIP. (A) IN GENERAL. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall consist of 7 members:

(i) the Secretary of the Treasury;

(ii) the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System;

(iii) the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision; 

(iv) the Chairperson of the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;

(v) the chief executive officer of the Corporation; and

(vi) two independent members appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Such nominations shall be referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.

(B) POLITICAL AFFILIATION. The independent members shall not be members of the same political party. No independent member of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall hold any other appointed office during his or her term as a member.

(C) CHAIRPERSON. The Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall be the Secretary of the Treasury.

(D) TERM OF OFFICE. The term of each member (other than the independent members) of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall expire when such member has fulfilled all of his or her responsibilities under this section and section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b]. The term of each independent member shall be 3 years.

(E) QUORUM REQUIRED. A quorum shall consist of 4 members of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and all decisions of the Board shall require an affirmative vote of at least a majority of the members voting.

(4) COMPENSATION AND EXPENSES. (A) EXPENSES. Members of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall receive allowances in accordance with subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 5701, et seq.], for necessary expenses of travel, lodging, and subsistence incurred in attending meetings and other activities of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, as set forth in the bylaws issued by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(B) NO ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR UNITED STATES OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES. Members of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board (other than independent members) shall receive no additional pay by reason of service on such Board.

(C) COMPENSATION FOR INDEPENDENT MEMBERS. The independent members of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall be paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the rate of basic pay for level II of the Executive Schedule [5 U.S.C. § 5313] for each day (including travel time) during which such member is engaged in the actual performance of duties of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(5) POWERS. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall be a body corporate that shall have the power to:

(A) adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal;

(B) provide for a principal or executive officer and such other officers and employees as may be necessary to perform the functions of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, define their duties, and require surety bonds or make other provisions against losses occasioned by acts of such persons;

(C) fix the compensation and number of, and appoint, employees for any position established by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board;

(D) set and adjust rates of basic pay for employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 or subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code [5 USC §§ 5101, et seq. or §§ 5331, et seq.];

(E) provide additional compensation and benefits to employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board if the same type of compensation or benefits are then being provided by any other Federal bank regulatory agency or, if not then being provided, could be provided by such an agency under applicable provisions of law, rule, or regulation; in setting and adjusting the total amount of compensation and benefits for employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall consult with and seek to maintain comparability with the other Federal bank regulatory agencies, except that the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall not in any event exceed the compensation and benefits provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation with respect to any comparable position;

(F) with the consent of any executive agency, department, or independent agency utilize the information, services, staff, and facilities of such department or agency, on a reimbursable (or other) basis, in carrying out this section;

(G) prescribe bylaws that are consistent with law to provide for the manner in which:

(i) its officers and employees are selected, and

(ii) its general operations are to be conducted;

(H) enter into contracts and modify or consent to the modification of any contract or agreement;

(I) indemnify, from funds made available to it by the Corporation, the members, officers, and employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board on such terms as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board deems proper against any liability under any civil suit pursuant to any statute or pursuant to common law with respect to any claim arising out of or resulting from any act or omission by such person within the scope of such person's employment in connection with any transaction entered into involving the disposition of assets (or any interests in any assets or any obligations backed by any assets) by the Corporation, and the indemnification authorized by this provision shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any immunities or other protections that may be available to such person under applicable law, and this provision does not affect any such immunities or other protections;

(J) sue and be sued in courts of competent jurisdiction; and

(K) exercise any and all powers established under this section and such incidental powers as are necessary to carry out its powers, duties, and functions under this Act.

(6) THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall have the following duties and authorities with respect to the Corporation:

(A) To review overall strategies, policies, and goals established by the Corporation for its activities, which shall include such items as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board deems likely to have a material effect upon the financial condition of the Corporation, the results of its operations, or its cash flows, and such items as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board deems to involve substantial issues of public policy. After consultation with the Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may require the modification of any such overall strategies, policies, and goals and their implementation. Overall strategies, policies, and goals shall include such items as:

(i) overall strategies, policies, and goals for case resolutions, the management and disposition of assets, the use of private contractors;

(ii) the use of notes, guarantees, or other obligations by the Corporation;

(iii) financial goals, plans, and budgets; and

(iv) restructuring agreements described in subsection (b)(10)(B) of this section.

(B) To approve prior to implementation financial plans, budgets, and periodic financing requests developed by the Corporation.

(C) To review all rules, regulations, standards, principles, procedures, guidelines, and statements that may be adopted or announced by the Corporation. The provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to internal administrative policies and procedures (including such matters as personnel practices, divisions and organization of staffing, delegations of authority, and practices respecting day-to-day administration of the Corporation's affairs) and determinations or actions described in paragraph (8).

(D) To review the overall performance of the Corporation on a periodic basis, including its work, management activities, and internal controls, and the performance of the Corporation relative to approved budget plans.

(E) To require from the Corporation any reports, documents, and records it deems necessary to carry out its oversight responsibilities.

(F) To establish a national advisory board and regional advisory boards.

(G) To authorize the use of proceeds from any funds provided by the Treasury to the Corporation and from any financing by the Resolution Funding Corporation established pursuant to section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b] consistent with the approved budget and financial plans of the Corporation and to oversee the collection of funds by the Resolution Funding Corporation.

(H) To evaluate audits by the Inspector General and other congressionally required audits.

(I) To have general oversight over the Resolution Funding Corporation as provided under section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b].

(J) To authorize, as appropriate, the Corporation's sale of capital certificates to the Resolution Funding Corporation.

(K) To establish the rate of basic pay, benefits, and other compensation for the chief executive officer of the Corporation.

(7) TRANSITION POLICIES. Until such time as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation (consistent with paragraph (6) and subsection (b)(11) of this section) adopt strategies, policies, goals, regulations, rules, operating principles, procedures, or guidelines, the Corporation may carry out its duties in accordance with the strategies, policies, goals, regulations, rules, operating principles, procedures, or guidelines of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, notwithstanding the provisions of section 553 of title 5, United States Code.

(8) LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY. The Corporation shall have the authority, without any prior review, approval, or disapproval by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, to make such determinations and take such actions as it deems appropriate with respect to case-specific matters involving (i) individual case resolutions, (ii) asset liquidations, or (iii) day-to-day operations of the Corporation. The preceding sentence in no way limits the authority of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board to review overall strategies, policies, and goals established by the Corporation.

(9) DELEGATION. Except with respect to the meetings required by paragraph (10), nothing in this section shall preclude a member of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board who is a public official from delegating his or her authority to an employee or officer of such member's agency or organization, if such employee or officer has been appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System may delegate his or her authority to another member of the Board of Governors.

(10) OPEN MEETINGS. Not less than 6 times each year, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall conduct open meetings to review overall strategies, policies, and goals established by the Corporation and to consider such other matters as pertain to its functions under this Act. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall maintain a transcript of the board's open meetings.

(11) POWER TO REMOVE; JURISDICTION. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any civil action, suit, or proceeding to which the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board is a party shall be deemed to arise under the laws of the United States, and the United States district courts shall have original jurisdiction. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may, without bond or security, remove any such action, suit, or proceeding from a State court to a United States district court or to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

(12) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. The administrative expenses of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall be paid by the Corporation, upon request of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(13) STANDARDS, POLICIES, PROCEDURES, GUIDELINES, AND STATEMENTS. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may issue rules, regulations, standards, policies, procedures, guidelines, and statements as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board considers necessary or appropriate to carry out its authorities and duties under this Act which shall be promulgated pursuant to subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 551, et seq.].

(14) STRATEGIC PLAN FOR CORPORATION OPERATIONS. (A) IN GENERAL. The chief executive officer of the Corporation is authorized to implement the strategic plan for conducting the Corporation's functions and activities submitted by the former Oversight Board to the Congress, dated December 31, 1989.

(B) PROVISIONS OF PLAN. The strategic plan and implementing policies and procedures required under this paragraph shall at a minimum contain the following:

(i) Factors the Corporation shall consider in deciding the order in which failed institutions or categories of failed institutions will be resolved.

(ii) Standards the Corporation shall use to select the appropriate resolution action for a failed institution.

(iii) With respect to assisted acquisitions, factors the Corporation shall consider in deciding whether nonperforming assets of the failed institution will be transferred to the acquiring institution rather than retained by the Corporation for management and disposal.

(iv) Plans for the disposition of assets.

(v) Management objectives by which the Corporation's progress in carrying out its duties under this section can be measured.

(vi) A plan for the organizational structure and staffing of the Corporation, including an assessment of the extent to which the Corporation will perform asset management functions and other duties through contracts with public and private entities.

(vii) Consideration of whether incentives should be included in asset management contracts to promote active and efficient asset management.

(viii) Standards for adequate competition and fair and consistent treatment of offerors.

(ix) Standards that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, sex, or ethnic group in the solicitation and consideration of offers.

(x) Procedures for the active solicitation of offers from minorities and women.

(xi) Procedures requiring that unsuccessful offerors be notified in writing of the decision within 30 days after the offer has been rejected.

(xii) Procedures for establishing the market value of assets based upon standard market analysis, valuation, and appraisal practices.

(xiii) Procedures requiring the timely evaluation of purchase offers for an institution.

(xiv) Proceduresfor bulk sales and auction marketing of assets.

(xv) Guidelines for determining if the value of an asset has decreased so that no reasonable recovery is anticipated. In such cases, the Corporation may consider potential public uses of such asset including providing housing for lower income families (including the homeless), day care centers for the children of low- and moderate-income families, or such other public purpose designated by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(xvi) Guidelines for the conveyance of assets to units of general local government, States, and public agencies designated by a unit of general local government or a State, for use in connection with urban homesteading programs approved by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under section 810 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 [12 U.S.C. § 1706e].

(xvii) Policies and procedures for avoiding political favoritism and undue influence in contracts and decisions made by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation.

(15) REPORTS ON ANY MODIFICATION TO ANY STRATEGY, POLICY, OR GOAL. If, pursuant to paragraph (6)(A), the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board requires the Corporation to modify any overall strategy, policy, or goal, such board shall submit, before the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date on which the board first notifies the Corporation of such requirement, to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives an explanation of the grounds which the board determined justified the review and the reasons why the modification is necessary to satisfy any such ground.

(16) TERMINATION. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall terminate not later than 60 days after the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board fulfills all of its responsibilities under this Act.

(b) RESOLUTION TRUST CORPORATION ESTABLISHED. (1) ESTABLISHMENT. (A) IN GENERAL. There is hereby established a Corporation to be known as the Resolution Trust Corporation which shall be an instrumentality of the United States.

(B) STATUS. The Corporation shall be deemed to be an agency of the United States for purposes of subchapter II of chapter 5 and chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 551, et seq. and §§ 701, et seq.], when it is acting as a corporation. The Corporation, when it is acting as a conservator or receiver of an insured depository institution, shall be deemed to be an agency of the United States to the same extent as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation when it is acting as a conservator or receiver of an insured depository institution.

(C) MANAGEMENT BY CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. The Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of its chief executive officer.

(2) GOVERNMENT CORPORATION. Notwithstanding the fact that no Government funds may be invested in the Corporation, the Corporation shall be treated, for purposes of sections 9105, 9107, and 9108 of title 31, United States Code, as a mixed-ownership Government corporation which has capital of the Government.

(3) DUTIES. The duties of the Corporation shall be to carry out a program, under the general oversight of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, including:

(A) To manage and resolve all cases involving depository institutions:

(i) the accounts of which were insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation before the enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989]; and

(ii) for which a conservator or receiver is appointed after December 31, 1988, and before such date as is determined by the Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, but not earlier than January 1, 1995, and not later than July 1, 1995 (including any institution described in paragraph (6)).

(B) To develop and establish overall strategies, policies, and goals for the Corporation, subject to review by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board pursuant to subsection (a)(6)(A) of this section.

(C) To conduct the operations of the Corporation in a manner which:

(i) maximizes the net present value return from the sale or other disposition of institutions described in subparagraph (A) or the assets of such institutions;

(ii) minimizes the impact of such transactions on local real estate and financial markets;

(iii) makes efficient use of funds obtained from the Funding Corporation or from the Treasury;

(iv) minimizes the amount of any loss realized in the resolution of cases; and

(v) maximizes the preservation of the availability and affordability of residential real property for low- and moderate-income individuals.

(D) To perform any other function authorized under this section.

(4) CONSERVATORSHIP, RECEIVERSHIP, AND ASSISTANCE POWERS. (A) IN GENERAL. Except as provided in paragraph (5) and in addition to any other provision of this section, the Corporation shall have the same powers and rights to carry out its duties with respect to institutions described in paragraph (3)(A) as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has under sections 11, 12, and 13 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1821, 1822, and 1823] with respect to insured depository institutions (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]).

(B) MANNER OF APPLICATION OF LEAST-COST RESOLUTION. For purposes of applying section 13(c)(4) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)] to the Corporation under subparagraph (A), the Corporation shall be treated as the affected deposit insurance fund.

(C) APPEALS. The Corporation shall implement and maintain a program, in a manner acceptable to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, to provide an appeals process for business and commercial borrowers to appeal decisions by the Corporation (when acting as a conservator) which would have the effect of terminating or otherwise adversely affecting credit or loan agreements, lines of credit, and similar arrangements with such borrowers who have not defaulted on their obligations.

(5) LIMITATION ON PARAGRAPH (4) POWERS. The Corporation:

(A) may not obligate the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any funds of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and

(B) in connection with providing assistance to an institution under this subsection, shall be subject to the limitations contained in section 13(c)(4) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)].

(6) CONTINUATION OF RTC RECEIVERSHIP OR CONSERVATORSHIP. (A) IN GENERAL. If the Corporation is appointed as conservator or receiver for any insured depository institution described in paragraph (3)(A) before such date as is determined by the Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board under paragraph (3)(A)(ii), and a conservator or receiver is appointed for such institution on or after such date, the Corporation may be appointed as conservator or receiver for such institution on or after such date as is determined by the Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board under paragraph (3)(A)(ii).

(B) SAIF-INSURED BANKS. Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal or State law, if the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is appointed as conservator or receiver for any Savings Association Insurance Fund member that has converted to a bank charter and otherwise meets the criteria in paragraph (3)(A) or (6)(A), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation may tender such appointment to the Corporation, and the Corporation shall accept such appointment, if the Corporation is authorized to accept such appointment under this section.

(7) OBLIGATIONS AND GUARANTEES. The Corporation's authority to issue obligations and guarantees shall be subject to general supervision by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board under subsection (a) of this section and shall be consistent with subsection (j) of this section.

(8) STAFF. (A) IN GENERAL. Except for the chief executive officer of the Corporation, the Corporation itself shall have no employees.

(B) UTILIZATION OF PERSONNEL OF OTHER AGENCIES. (i) FDIC. The Corporation shall use employees (selected by the Corporation) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall provide such personnel to the Corporation for its use. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation need not provide to the Corporation any employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation who was employed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Refinancing, Restructuring, and Improvement Act of 1991 [December 12, 1991] and who had not theretofore been provided to the Corporation by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In addition to persons otherwise employed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall employ, and shall provide to the Corporation, such persons as the Corporation may request from time to time. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation employees provided to the Corporation shall be subject to the direction and control of the Corporation and any of them may be returned to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation at any time by the Corporation in the discretion of the Corporation. The Corporation shall reimburse the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for the actual costs incurred in providing such employees. Any permanent employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation who was performing services on behalf of the Corporation immediately prior to the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Refinancing, Restructuring, and Improvement Act of 1991 [December 12, 1991] shall continue to be provided to the Corporation after that date unless the Corporation determines the services of any such employee to be unnecessary, in which case such employee shall be returned to a similar position performing services on behalf of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In any ensuing reduction-in-force or reorganization within the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, any such employee shall compete with the same rights as any other Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation employee. The Corporation may use administrative services of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and, if it does so, shall reimburse the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for the actual costs of providing such services.

(ii) OTHER AGENCIES. With the agreement of any executive department or agency, the Corporation may utilize the personnel of any such executive department or agency on a reimbursable basis to cover actual and reasonable expenses.

(C) CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. There is established the office of chief executive officer of the Corporation. The chief executive officer of the Corporation shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall serve at the pleasure of the President.

(D) POWERS OF THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. The chief executive officer may exercise all of the powers of the Corporation and act for and on behalf of the Corporation, and may delegate such authority, as deemed appropriate by the chief executive officer, including the power to subdelegate authority, to persons designated by the chief executive officer who are employees of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation utilized by the Corporation or who provide services for the Corporation.

(E) DEPUTY CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. (i) IN GENERAL. There is hereby established the position of deputy chief executive officer of the Corporation.

(ii) APPOINTMENT. The deputy chief executive officer of the Corporation shall:

(I) be appointed by the Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, with the recommendation of the chief executive officer; and

(II) be an employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in accordance with subparagraph (B)(i).

(iii) DUTIES. The deputy chief executive officer shall perform such duties as the chief executive officer may require.

(F) ACTING CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER. In the event of a vacancy in the position of chief executive officer or during the absence or disability of the chief executive officer, the deputy chief executive officer shall perform the duties of the position as the acting chief executive officer.

(G) GENERAL COUNSEL. There is established the Office of General Counsel of the Corporation. The chief executive officer, with the concurrence of the Chairperson of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, may appoint the general counsel, who shall be an employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, in accordance with subparagraph (B)(i). The general counsel shall perform such duties as the chief executive officer may require.

(9) CORPORATE POWERS. The Corporation shall have the following powers:

(A) To adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal.

(B) To enter into contracts and modify, or consent to the modification of, any contract or agreement to which the Corporation is a party or in which the Corporation has an interest under this section.

(C) To make advance, progress, or other payments.

(D) To acquire, hold, lease, mortgage, maintain, or dispose of, at public or private sale, real and personal property, using any legally available private sector methods including without limitation, securitization of debt or equity, limited partnerships, mortgage investment conduits, and real estate investment trusts, and otherwise exercise all the usual incidents of ownership of property necessary and convenient to the operations of the Corporation.

(E) To sue and be sued in its corporate capacity in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(F) To deposit any securities or funds held by the Corporation in any facility or depositary described in section 13(b) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(b)] under the terms and conditions applicable to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation under such section 13(b) and pay fees thereof and receive interest thereon.

(G) To take warrants, voting and nonvoting equity, or other participation interests in institutions or assets or properties of institutions described in paragraph (3)(A) and paragraph (10)(A)(iv).

(H) To use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the United States.

(I) To prescribe bylaws that shall be consistent with law.

(J) To make loans and, with respect to eligible residential properties, develop risk sharing structures and other credit enhancements to assist in the provision of property ownership, rental, and cooperative housing opportunities for lower- and moderate-income families.

(K) To prepare reports and provide such reports, documents, and records to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board as required by this section.

(L) To issue capital certificates to the Resolution Funding Corporation consistent with the provisions of section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b] in the following manner:

(i) AUTHORIZATION TO ISSUE. The Corporation is hereby authorized to issue to the Resolution Funding Corporation nonvoting capital certificates.

(ii) REQUIREMENT RELATING TO THE AMOUNT OF CERTIFICATES. The amount of certificates issued by the Corporation under clause (i) shall be equal to the aggregate amount of funds provided by the Resolution Funding Corporation to the Corporation under section 21B of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441b].

(iii) CERTIFICATES MAY BE ISSUED ONLY TO THE RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION. Capital certificates issued under clause (i) may be issued only to the Resolution Funding Corporation in the manner and to the extent provided in section 21B of this Act [12 USC § 1441b] and this section.

(iv) NO DIVIDENDS. The Corporation shall not pay dividends on any capital certificates issued under this section.

(M) To exercise any other power established under this section and such incidental powers as are necessary to carry out its duties and functions under this section. The Corporation may indemnify the directors, officers and employees of the Corporation on such terms as the Corporation deems proper against any liability under any civil suit pursuant to any statute or pursuant to common law with respect to any claim arising out of or resulting from any act or omission by such person within the scope of such person's employment in connection with any transaction entered into involving the disposition of assets (or any interests in any assets or any obligations backed by any assets) by the Corporation. For purposes of this subparagraph, the terms "officers" and "employees" include officers and employees of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or of other agencies who perform services for the Corporation. The indemnification authorized by this subparagraph shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any immunities or other protections that may be available to such person under applicable law, and this provision does not affect any such immunities or other protections.

(10) SPECIAL POWERS. (A) IN GENERAL. In addition to the powers of the Corporation described in paragraph (9), the Corporation shall have the following powers: 

(i) CONTRACTS. The Corporation may enter into contracts with any person, corporation, or entity, including State housing finance authorities (as such term is defined in section 1301 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1441a-1]) and insured depository institutions, which the Corporation determines to be necessary or appropriate to carry out its responsibilities under this section. Such contracts shall be subject to the procedures adopted pursuant to paragraph (11).

(ii) UTILIZATION OF PRIVATE SECTOR. In carrying out the Corporation's duties under this section, the Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall utilize the services of private persons, including real estate and loan portfolio asset management, property management, auction marketing, and brokerage services, if such services are available in the private sector and the Corporation determines utilization of such services are practicable and efficient.

(iii) MERGERS AND CONSOLIDATIONS. The Corporation may require a merger or consolidation of an institution or institutions over which the Corporation has jurisdiction, if such merger or consolidation is consistent with section 13(c)(4) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)].

(iv) ORGANIZATION OF SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS. The Corporation may organize 1 or more Federal savings associations:

(I) which shall be chartered by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision,

(II) the deposits of which, if any, shall be insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation through the Savings Association Insurance Fund, and

(III) which shall operate in accordance with subsection (e) of this section.

(v) ORGANIZATION OF BRIDGE BANKS. The Corporation may organize 1 or more bridge banks pursuant to subsection (i) of section 11 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(i)] with respect to any institution described in paragraph (3)(A) which becomes a bank. Such bridge bank shall be subject to subsection (e) of this section.

(B) REVIEW OF PRIOR CASES. The Corporation shall:

(i) review and analyze all insolvent institution cases resolved by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation between January 1, 1988, and the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], and actively review all means by which it can reduce costs under existing Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation agreements relating to such cases, including restructuring such agreements;

(ii) evaluate the costs under existing Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation agreements with regard to the following:

(I) capital loss coverage,

(II) yield maintenance guarantees,

(III) forbearances,

(IV) tax consequences, and

(V) any other relevant cost consideration;

(iii) review the bidding procedures used in resolving such cases in order to determine whether the bidding and negotiating processes were sufficiently competitive; and

(iv) report to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Congress pursuant to subsection (k)of this section.

(C) PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO REVIEW OF PRIOR CASES. (i) IN GENERAL. The Corporation shall exercise any and all legal rights to modify, renegotiate, or restructure such agreements where savings would be realized by such actions. The cost or income of any modification shall be a liability or an asset of the Corporation or the FSLIC Resolution Fund as determined by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as granting the Corporation any legal rights to modify, renegotiate, or restructure agreements between the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation and any other party, which did not exist prior to the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(ii) ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS. The Corporation, in modifying, renegotiating, or restructuring the insolvent institution cases resolved by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation between January 1, 1988, and the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989], shall carry out its responsibilities under section 519(a) of the Department of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991 (104 Stat. 1386) and shall, consistent with achieving the greatest overall financial savings to the Federal Government, pursue all legal means by which the Corporation can reduce both the direct outlays and the tax benefits associated with such cases, including, but not limited to, restructuring to eliminate tax-free interest payments and renegotiating to capture a larger portion of the tax benefits for the Corporation.

(11) REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND PROCEDURES. (A) STRATEGIES, POLICIES, AND GOALS. The Corporation shall adopt the rules, regulations, standards, procedures, guidelines, and statements necessary to implement the strategic plan submitted by the former Oversight Board to Congress dated December 31, 1989. The Corporation may establish overall strategies, policies, and goals for its activities and may issue such rules, regulations, standards, principles, procedures, guidelines, and statements as the Corporation considers necessary or appropriate to carry out its duties.

(B) REVIEW, ETC. Such overall strategies, policies, and goals, and such rules, regulations, standards, principles, procedures, guidelines, and statements:

(i) shall be provided by the Corporation to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board promptly or prior to publication or announcement to the extent practicable;

(ii) shall be subject to the review of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board as provided in subsection (a)(6)(A) of this section (with respect to overall strategies, policies, and goals); and

(iii) shall be promulgated pursuant to subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5 United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 551, et seq.].

(C) PREPARATION AND MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS RELATING TO SOLICITATION AND ACCEPTANCE OF OFFERS. The Corporation shall:

(i) document decisions made in the solicitation and selection process and the reasons for the decisions; and

(ii) maintain such documentation in the offices of the Corporation, as well as any other documentation relating to the solicitation and selection process.

(D) DISTRESSED AREAS. (i) IN GENERAL. In developing its implementing policies, the Corporation shall take the action described in clause (ii) to avoid adverse economic impact for those real estate markets that are distressed.

(ii) VALUATION AND DISPOSITION. The Corporation shall establish an appraisal or other valuation method for determining the market value of real property. With respect to a real property asset with a market value in excess of a certain dollar limit (such limit to be determined by the chief executive officer of the Corporation), consideration shall be given to the volume of assets above such limit and the potential impact of sales in such distressed areas. The Corporation shall not sell a real property asset located in a distressed area without obtaining at least the minimum disposition price, unless a determination has been made that such a transaction furthers the objectives set forth in paragraph (3)(C).

(iii) EXCEPTION. The provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to any property as long as such property is subject to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section.

(E) DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this subsection:

(i) The term "minimum disposition price" means 95 percent of the market value established by the Corporation. The chief executive officer, in the chief executive officer's discretion, may change the percentage set forth in this definition from time to time if the chief executive officer determines that such change does not adversely impact the objectives set forth in paragraph (3)(C).

(ii) The term "sell a real property asset" means to convey all title and interest in a piece of tangible real property in which the Corporation has a fee simple or equivalent interest. The term "real property" does not include loans secured by real property, joint ventures, participation interests, options, or other similar interests. In addition, the term "sell" does not include hypothecation of assets, issuance of asset backed securities, issuance of joint ventures, or participation interests, or other similar activities.

(iii) The term "distressed area" means the geographic areas in those political subdivisions designated from time to time by the chief executive officer as having depressed real estate markets. Until the chief executive officer designates otherwise, such distressed areas shall be the States of Arkansas, Colorado, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.

(iv) The term "market value" means the most probable price which a property should bring in a competitive and open market if:

(I) all conditions requisite to a fair sale are present,

(II) the buyer and seller are acting prudently and are knowledgeable, and

(III) the price is not affected by any undue stimulus.

(F) REAL ESTATE ASSET DIVISION. The Corporation shall establish a Real Estate Asset Division to assist and advise the Corporation with respect to the management, sale, or other disposition of real property assets of institutions described in paragraph (3)(A). The Real Estate Asset Division shall have such duties as the Corporation establishes, including the publication of an inventory of real property assets of institutions subject to the jurisdiction of the Corporation. Such inventory shall be published before January 1, 1990 and updated semiannually thereafter and shall identify properties with natural, cultural, recreational, or scientific values of special significance.

(G) ADVISORY PERSONNEL. The Corporation shall maintain an executive-level position and dedicated staff to assist and advise the Corporation and other agencies in pursuing cases, civil claims, and administrative enforcement actions against institution-affiliated parties of insured depository institutions under the jurisdiction of the Corporation. These personnel shall have such duties as the Corporation establishes, including the duty to compile and publish a report to the Congress on the coordinated pursuit of claims by all Federal financial institution regulatory agencies, including the Department of Justice and the Securities and Exchange Commission. The report shall be published before December 31, 1990 and updated semiannually after such date.

(12) PERIODIC FINANCING REQUESTS. The Corporation shall provide the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board with periodic financing requests which shall detail:

(A) anticipated funding requirements for operations, case resolution, and asset liquidation,

(B) anticipated payments on previously issued notes, guarantees, other obligations, and related activities, and

(C) any proposed use of notes, guarantees or other obligations. Such financing requests shall be submitted on a quarterly basis or such other period as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board determines necessary. Following approval by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, such requests shall form the basis for expending funds provided by the Treasury, for transferring funds from the Resolution Funding Corporation to the Corporation and the issuance of capital certificates by the Corporation in exchange therefor.

(13) GOAL FOR PARTICIPATION OF SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS. The Corporation shall have an annual goal that presents the maximum practicable opportunity for small business concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and qualified HUBZone small business concerns (as defined in section 632(p) of title 15) to participate in the performance of contracts awarded by the Corporation.

(14) EXTENSION OF STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS. (A) TORT ACTIONS FOR WHICH THE PRIOR LIMITATION HAS RUN. (i) IN GENERAL. In the case of any tort claim:

(I) which is described in clause (ii); and

(II) for which the applicable statute of limitations under section 11(d)(14)(A)(ii) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(d)(14)(A)(ii)] has expired before the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993];

the statute of limitations which shall apply to an action brought on such claim by the Corporation in the Corporation's capacity as conservator or receiver of an institution described in paragraph (3)(A) shall be the period determined under subparagraph (C).

(ii) CLAIMS DESCRIBED. A tort claim referred to in clause (i)(I) with respect to an institution described in paragraph (3)(A) is a claim arising from fraud, intentional misconduct resulting in unjust enrichment, or intentional misconduct resulting in substantial loss to the institution.

(B) TORT ACTIONS FOR WHICH THE PRIOR LIMITATION HAS NOT RUN. (i) IN GENERAL. Notwithstanding section 11(d)(14)(A) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(d)(14)(A)], in the case of any tort claim:

(I) which is described in clause (ii); and

(II) for which the applicable statute of limitations under section 11(d)(14)(A)(ii) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(d)(14)(A)(iii)] has not expired as of the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993]; the statute of limitations which shall apply to an action brought on such claim by the Corporation in the Corporation's capacity as conservator or receiver of an institution described in paragraph (3)(A) shall be the period determined under subparagraph (C).

(ii) CLAIMS DESCRIBED. A tort claim referred to in clause (i)(I) with respect to an institution described in paragraph (3)(A) is a claim arising from gross negligence or conduct thatdemonstrates a greater disregard of a duty of care than gross negligence, including intentional tortious conduct relating to the institution.

(C) DETERMINATION OF PERIOD. The period determined under this subparagraph for any claim to which subparagraph (A) or (B) applies shall be the longer of:

(i) the period beginning on the date the claim accrues (as determined pursuant to section 11(d)(14)(B) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(d)(14)(B)]) and ending on December 31, 1995 or ending on the date of the termination of the Corporation pursuant to section 21A(m)(1) of this Act [subsection (m)(1) of this section], whichever is later; or

(ii) the period applicable under State law for such claim.

(D) SCOPE OF APPLICATION. Subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall not apply to any action which is brought after the date of the termination of the Corporation under subsection (m)(1) of this section.

(E) REVIVAL OF EXPIRED STATE CAUSES OF ACTION. In the case of any tort claim described in subparagraph (A)(ii) for which the statute of limitation applicable under State law with respect to such claim has expired not more than 5 years before the appointment of the Corporation as conservator or receiver, the Corporation may bring an action as conservator or receiver on such claim without regard to the expiration of the statute of limitation applicable under State law.

(15) PURCHASE RIGHTS OF TENANTS. (A) NOTICE. Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the Corporation may make available for sale a 1- to 4-family residence (including a manufactured home) to which the Corporation acquires title only after the Corporation has provided the household residing in the property notice (in writing and mailed to the property) of the availability of such property and the preference afforded such household under subparagraph (B).

(B) PREFERENCE. In selling such a property, the Corporation shall give preference to any bona fide offer made by the household residing in the property, if:

(i) such offer is substantially similar in amount to other offers made within such period (or expected by the Corporation to be made within such period);

(ii) such offer is made during the period beginning upon the Corporation making such property available and of a reasonable duration, as determined by the Corporation based on the normal period for sale of such properties; and

(iii) the household making the offer complies with any other requirements applicable to purchasers of such property, including any downpayment and credit requirements.

(C) EXCEPTIONS. Subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall not apply to:

(i) any residence transferred in connection with the transfer of substantially all of the assets of an insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver;

(ii) any eligible single family property (as such term is defined in subsection (c)(9) of this section); or

(iii) any residence for which the household occupying the residence was the mortgagor under a mortgage on such residence and to which the Corporation acquired title pursuant to default on such mortgage.

(16) PREFERENCE FOR SALES FOR HOMELESS FAMILIES. Subject to paragraph (15), in selling any real property (other than eligible residential property and eligible condominium property, as such terms are defined in subsection (c)(9) of this section) to which the Corporation acquires title, the Corporation shall give preference, among offers to purchase the property that will result in the same net present value proceeds, to any offer that would provide for the property to be used, during the remaining useful life of the property, to provide housing or shelter for homeless persons (as such term is defined in section 103 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act [42 U.S.C. § 11302]) or homeless families.

(17) PREFERENCES FOR SALES OF CERTAIN COMMERCIAL REAL PROPERTIES. (A) AUTHORITY. In selling any eligible commercial real properties of the Corporation, the Corporation shall give preference, among offers to purchase the property that will result in the same net present value proceeds, to any offer:

(i) that is made by a public agency or nonprofit organization; and

(ii) under which the purchaser agrees that the property shall be used, during the remaining useful life of the property, for offices and administrative purposes of the purchaser to carry out a program to acquire residential properties to provide (I) homeownership and rental housing opportunities for very-low-, low-, and moderate-income families, or (II) housing or shelter for homeless persons (as such term is defined in section 103 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act [42 U.S.C. § 11302]) or homeless families.

(B) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions shall apply:

(i) ELIGIBLE COMMERCIAL REAL PROPERTY. The term "eligible commercial real property" means any property (I) to which the Corporation acquires title, and (II) that the Corporation, in the discretion of the Corporation, determines is suitable for use for the location of offices or other administrative functions involved with carrying out a program referred to in subparagraph (A)(ii).

(ii) NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION AND PUBLIC AGENCY. The terms "nonprofit organization" and "public agency" have the same meanings as in subsection (c)(9) of this section.

(c) DISPOSITION OF ELIGIBLE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES. (1) PURPOSE. The purpose of this subsection is to provide homeownership and rental housing opportunities for very low-income, lower-income, and moderate-income families.

(2) RULES GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF ELIGIBLE SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTIES. (A) NOTICE TO CLEARINGHOUSES. Within a reasonable period of time after acquiring title to an eligible single family property, the Corporation shall provide written notice to clearinghouses. Such notice shall contain basic information about the property, including but not limited to location, condition, and information relating to the estimated fair market value of the property. Each clearinghouse shall make such information available, upon request, to other public agencies, other nonprofit organizations, and qualifying households. The Corporation shall allow public agencies, nonprofit organizations, and qualifying households reasonable access to eligible single family property for purposes of inspection.

(B) OFFERS TO SELL SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTIES TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, PUBLIC AGENCIES, AND QUALIFYING HOUSEHOLDS. Except as provided in the last sentence of this subparagraph for the 3-month and one week period following the date on which the Corporation makes an eligible single family property available for sale, the Corporation shall offer to sell the property to (i) qualifying households (including qualifying households with members who are veterans), or (ii) public agencies or nonprofit organizations that agree to (I) make the property available for occupancy by and maintain it as affordable for lower-income families (including lower-income families with members who are veterans) for the remaining useful life of such property, or (II) make the property available for purchase by any such family who, except as provided in subparagraph (D), agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months and who certifies in writing that the family intends to occupy the property for at least 12 months. The restrictions described in subclause (I) of the preceding sentence shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument. If upon the expiration of such 3-month and one week period, no qualifying household, public agency, or nonprofit organization has made a bona fide offer to purchase the property, the Corporation may offer to sell the property to any purchaser. The Corporation shall actively market eligible single family properties for sale to lower-income families and to lower-income families with members who are veterans. To the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts for additional costs and losses to the Corporation resulting from this sentence taking effect, for purposes of this subsection the period referred to in the first and third sentences shall be considered to be the 180-day period following the date on which the Corporation first makes an eligible single family property available for sale.

(C) RECAPTURE OF PROFITS FROM RESALE. Except as provided in subparagraph (D), if any eligible single family property sold (i) to a qualifying household, or (ii) to a lower-income family pursuant to subparagraph (B)(ii)(II), paragraph (12)(C)(i), or paragraph (13)(B), is resold by the qualifying household or lower-income family during the 1-year period beginning upon initial acquisition by the household or lower-income family, the Corporation shall recapture 75 percent of the amount of any proceeds from the resale that exceed the sum of (I) the original sale price for the acquisition of the property by the qualifying household or lower-income family; (II) the costs of any improvements to the property made after the date of the acquisition, and (III) any closing costs in connection with the acquisition.

(D) EXCEPTIONS TO RECAPTURE REQUIREMENT. (i) RELOCATION. The Corporation (or its successor) may in its discretion waive the applicability (I) to any qualifying household of the requirement under subparagraph (C) and the requirements relating to residency of a qualifying household under paragraphs (9)(L)(ii) and (iii), and (II) to any lower-income family of the requirement under subparagraph (C) and the residency requirements under subparagraph (B)(ii)(II). The Corporation may grant any such a waiver only for good cause shown, including any necessary relocation of the qualifying household or lower-income family.

(ii) OTHER RECAPTURE PROVISIONS. The requirement under subparagraph (C) shall not apply to any eligible single family property for which, upon resale by the qualifying household or lower-income family during the 1-year period beginning upon initial acquisition by the household or family, a portion of the sale proceeds or any subsidy provided in connection with the acquisition of the property by the household or family is required to be recaptured or repaid under any other Federal, State, or local law (including section 143(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. § 143(m)]) or regulation or under any sale agreement.

(E) EXCEPTION TO AVOID DISPLACEMENT OF EXISTING RESIDENTS. Notwithstanding the first sentence of subparagraph (B), during the 180-day period following the date on which the Corporation makes an eligible single family property available for sale, the Corporation may sell the property to the household residing in the property, but only if (i) such household was residing in the property at the time notice regarding the property was provided to clearinghouses under subparagraph (A), (ii) such sale is necessary to avoid the displacement of, and unnecessary hardship to, the resident household, (iii) the resident household intends to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months, and (iv) and the resident household certifies in writing that the household intends to occupy the property for at least 12 months.

(3) RULES GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF ELIGIBLE MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROPERTIES. Except as provided under paragraph (6)(D), the Corporation shall dispose of eligible multifamily housing property as follows:

(A) NOTICE TO CLEARINGHOUSES. Within a reasonable period of time after acquiring title to an eligible multifamily housing property, the Corporation shall provide written notice to clearinghouses. Such notice shall contain basic information about the property, including but not limited to location, number of units (identified by number of bedrooms), and information relating to the estimated fair market value of the property. The clearinghouses shall make such information available, upon request, to qualifying multifamily purchasers. The Corporation shall allow qualifying multifamily purchasers reasonable access to an eligible multifamily housing property for purposes of inspection.

(B) EXPRESSION OF SERIOUS INTEREST. Qualifying multifamily purchasers may give written notice of serious interest in a property during a period ending 90 days after the time the Corporation provides notice under subparagraph (A). Such notice of serious interest shall be in such form and include such information as the Corporation may prescribe.

(C) NOTICE OF READINESS FOR SALE. Upon the expiration of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) for a property, the Corporation shall provide written notice to any qualifying multifamily purchaser that has expressed serious interest in the property. Such notice shall specify the minimum terms and conditions for sale of the property.

(D) OFFERS TO PURCHASE. A qualifying multifamily purchaser receiving notice in accordance with subparagraph (C) shall have 45 days (from the date notice is received) to make a bona fide offer to purchase a property. The Corporation shall accept an offer that complies with the terms and conditions established by the Corporation. If, before the expiration of such 45-day period, any offer to purchase a property initially accepted by the Corporation is subsequently rejected or fails (for any reason), the Corporation shall accept another offer to purchase the property made during such period that complies with the terms and conditions established by the Corporation (if such another offer is made). The preceding sentence may not be construed to require a qualifying multifamily purchaser whose offer is accepted during the 45-day period to purchase the property before the expiration of the period.

(E) LOWER-INCOME OCCUPANCY REQUIREMENTS. (i) SINGLE PROPERTY PURCHASES. With respect to any purchase of a single eligible multifamily housing property by a qualifying multifamily purchaser under subparagraph (D):

(I) not less than 35 percent of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for lower-income and very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located; and

(II) not less than 20 percent of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for very low-income families (including very low-income families taken into account for purposes of subclause (I)) during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located.

(ii) Aggregation requirements for multiproperty purchases. With respect to any purchase under subparagraph (D) by a qualifying multifamily purchaser involving more than one eligible multifamily housing property as a part of the same negotiation:

(I) the provisions of clause (i) shall apply in the aggregate to the properties so purchased; except that

(II) to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts for additional costs and losses to the Corporation resulting from this subclause taking effect, not less than (a) 40 percent of the aggregate number of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for lower-income and very low-income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located, (b) 20 percent of the aggregate number of all dwelling units purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for very low-income families (including very low-income families taken into account for purposes of subdivision (a) of this subclause) during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located, and (c) not less than 10 percent of the dwelling units in each separate property purchased shall be made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for lower income families during the remaining useful life of the property in which the units are located. The requirements of this subparagraph shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument.

(F) SALE OF MULTIFAMILY PROPERTIES TO OTHER PURCHASERS. (i) If, upon the expiration of the period referred to in subparagraph (B), no qualifying multifamily purchaser has expressed serious interest in a property, the Corporation may offer to sell the property, individually or in combination with other properties, to any purchaser.

(ii) The Corporation may not sell in combination with other properties any property which a qualifying multifamily purchaser has expressed serious interest in purchasing individually.

(iii) If, upon the expiration of the period referred to in subparagraph (D), no qualifying multifamily purchaser has made an offer to purchase the property, the Corporation may sell the property, individually or in combination with other properties, to any purchaser.

(G) EXTENSION OF RESTRICTED OFFER PERIODS. Notwithstanding subparagraph (F), the Corporation may provide notice to clearinghouses regarding, and offer for sale under the provisions of subparagraphs (A) through (D), any eligible multifamily housing property:

(i) in which no qualifying multifamily purchaser has expressed serious interest during the period referred to in subparagraph (B), or

(ii) for which no qualifying multifamily purchaser has made a bona fide offer before the expiration of the period referred to in subparagraph (D), except that the Corporation may, in the discretion of the Corporation, alter the duration of the periods referred to in subparagraphs (B) and (D) in offering any property for sale under this subparagraph.

(H) EXEMPTIONS. (i) CONTINUED OCCUPANCY OF CURRENT RESIDENTS. No purchaser of an eligible multifamily housing property may terminate the occupancy of any person residing in the property on the date of purchase for purposes of meeting the lower-income occupancy requirement applicable to the property under subparagraph (E). The purchaser shall be in compliance with this paragraph if each newly vacant dwelling unit is reserved for lower-income occupancy until the lower-income occupancy requirement is met.

(ii) FINANCIAL INFEASIBILITY. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development or the State housing finance agency for the State in which the property is located may temporarily reduce the lower-income occupancy requirements applicable to any property under subparagraph (E), if the Secretary or the applicable State housing finance agency determines that an owner's compliance with such requirements is no longer financially feasible. The owner of the property shall make a good-faith effort to return lower-income occupancy to the level required by subparagraph (E), and the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development or the State housing finance agency, as appropriate, shall review the reduction annually to determine whether financial infeasibility continues to exist.

(4) RENT LIMITATIONS. (A) IN GENERAL. With respect to properties under subparagraph (B), rents charged to tenants for units made available for occupancy by very-low income families shall not exceed 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 50 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size. Rents charged to tenants for units made available for occupancy by lower income families other than very low income families shall not exceed 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 65 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.

(B) APPLICABILITY. The rent limitations under this paragraph shall apply to any eligible single-family property sold pursuant to paragraph (2)(B)(ii)(I) and to any multifamily housing property sold pursuant to paragraph (3).

(5) PREFERENCE FOR SALES. When selling any eligible multifamily housing property or combinations of eligible residential properties, the Corporation shall give preference, among substantially similar offers, to the offer that would reserve the highest percentage of dwelling units for occupancy or purchase by very low income families and lower income families and would retain such affordability for the longest term.

(6) FINANCING OF SALE. (A) ASSISTANCE BY CORPORATION. (i) SALE PRICE. The Corporation shall establish a market value for each eligible multifamily housing property. The Corporation shall sell eligible multifamily housing property at the net realizable market value. The Corporation may agree to sell eligible multifamily housing property at a price below the net realizable market value to the extent necessary to facilitate an expedited sale of such property and enable a public agency or nonprofit organization to comply with the lower income occupancy requirements applicable to such property under paragraph (3). The Corporation may sell eligible single family property or eligible condominium property to qualifying households, nonprofit organizations, and public agencies without regard to any minimum sale price.

(ii) PURCHASE LOAN. The Corporation may provide a loan at market interest rates to the purchaser of eligible residential property for all or a portion of the purchase price, which loan shall be secured by a first or second mortgage on the property. The Corporation may provide such a loan at below market interest rates to the extent necessary to facilitate an expedited sale of eligible residential property and permit (I) a lower-income family to purchase an eligible single family property under paragraph (2); or (II) a public agency or nonprofit organization to comply with the lower-income occupancy requirements applicable to the purchase of an eligible residential property under paragraph (2) or (3). The Corporation shall provide such loan in a form which would permit its sale or transfer to a subsequent holder. In providing financing for combinations of eligible multifamily housing properties under this subsection, the Corporation may hold a participating share, including a subordinate participation. The Corporation shall periodically provide, to a wide range of minority- and women-owned businesses engaged in providing affordable housing and to nonprofit organizations, more than 50 percent of the control of which is held by 1 or more minority individuals, that are engaged in providing affordable housing, information that is sufficient to inform such businesses and organizations of the availability and terms of financing under this clause; such information may be provided directly, by notices published in periodicals and other publications that regularly provide information to such businesses or organizations, and through persons and organizations that regularly provide information or services to such businesses or organizations. For purposes of this clause, the terms "women-owned business" and "minority-owned business" have the meanings given such terms in subsection (r) of this section, and the term "minority" has the meaning given such term in section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(B) ASSISTANCE BY HUD. The Secretary shall take such action as may be necessary to expedite the processing of applications for assistance under section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 [12 U.S.C. § 1701q], the United States Housing Act of 1937 [42 U.S.C. §§ 1437, et seq.], title IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act [42 U.S.C. §§ 11361, et seq.], section 810 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 [12 U.S.C. § 1706e], and the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1701, et seq.] to enable any organization or individual to purchase eligible residential property.

(C) ASSISTANCE BY FMHA. The Secretary of Agriculture shall take such actions as may be necessary to expedite the processing of applications for assistance under title V of the Housing Act of 1949 [42 U.S.C. §§ 1471, et seq.] to enable any organization or individual to purchase eligible residential property.

(D) EXCEPTION TO DISPOSITION RULES. Notwithstanding the requirements under subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), (F), and (G) of paragraph (3), the Corporation may provide for the disposition of eligible multifamily housing properties as necessary to facilitate purchase of such properties for use in connection with the section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 [12 U.S.C. § 1701q].

(E) URBAN HOMESTEADING ACQUISITION. (i) In providing for bulk acquisition of eligible single family properties by the Secretary under section 810(l) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 [12 U.S.C. § 1706e(l)] and by participating jurisdictions for inclusion in affordable housing activities assisted under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act [42 U.S.C. §§ 12701, et seq.], the Corporation shall agree to an amount to be paid for acquisition of such properties. The acquisition price shall include discounts for bulk purchase and for holding of the property such that the acquisition price for each property shall not exceed 50 percent of the fair market value of the property, as valued individually.

(ii) To the extent necessary to facilitate sale of properties to the Secretary and participating jurisdictions, the requirements of paragraphs (2), (5), and (6)(A) of this subsection shall not apply to such transactions and property involved in such transactions.

(iii) To facilitate acquisitions by the Secretary and participating jurisdictions, the Corporation shall provide the Secretary and participating jurisdictions with an inventory of eligible single family properties, not less than 4 times each year.

(7) CONTRACTING RULES. Contracts entered into under this subsection shall not be subject to the requirements of subsection (b)(10)(A) of this section.

(8) USE OF SECONDARY MARKET AGENCIES. (A) IN GENERAL. In the disposition of eligible residential properties, the Corporation shall, in consultation with the Secretary, explore opportunities to work with secondary market entities to provide housing for lower-and moderate-income families.

(B) CREDIT ENHANCEMENT. (i) IN GENERAL. With respect to such Corporation properties, the Secretary may, consistent with statutory authorities, work through the Federal Housing Administration, the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and other secondary market entities to develop risk sharing structures, mortgage insurance, and other credit enhancements to assist in the provision of property ownership, rental, and cooperative housing opportunities for lower- and moderate-income families.

(ii) CERTAIN TAX-EXEMPT BONDS. The Corporation may provide credit enhancements with respect to tax-exempt bonds issued on behalf of nonprofit organizations pursuant to section 103, and subpart A of part IV of subchapter B of chapter 1, of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. § 103 and §§ 141, et seq.], with respect to the disposition of eligible residential properties for the purposes described in clause (i).

(C) REPORT. In the annual report submitted by the Secretary to the Congress, the Secretary shall include a detailed description of his activities under this paragraph, including recommendations for such additional authorization as he deems necessary to implement the provisions of this subsection.

(9) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection:

(A) ADJUSTED INCOME AND INCOME. The terms "adjusted income" and "income" shall have the meaning given such terms in section 3(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 [42 U.S.C. § 1437a(b)].

(B) CLEARINGHOUSES. The term "clearinghouses" means:

(i) the State housing finance agency for the State in which an eligible residential property is located,

(ii) the Office of Community Investment (or other comparable division) within the Federal Housing Finance Board, and

(iii) any national nonprofit organizations (including any nonprofit entity established by the corporation established under title IX of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1968 [42 U.S.C. §§ 3931, et seq.]) that the Corporation determines has the capacity to act as a clearinghouse for information.

(C) CORPORATION. The term "Corporation" means the Resolution Trust Corporation.

(D) ELIGIBLE CONDOMINIUM PROPERTY. The term "eligible condominium property" means a condominium unit, as such term is defined in section 604 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 [15 U.S.C. § 3603]:

(i) to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and

(ii) that has an appraised value that does not exceed:

(I) $67,500 in the case of a 1-family residence, $76,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $92,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $107,000 in the case of a 4-family residence; or

(II) only to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts for additional costs and losses to the Corporation resulting from this subclause taking effect, the amount provided in section 203(b)(2)(A) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1709(b)(2)(A)], except that such amount shall not exceed $101,250 in the case of a 1-family residence, $114,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $138,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $160,500 in the case of a 4-family residence.

(E) ELIGIBLE MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROPERTY. (i) BASIC DEFINITION. The term "eligible multifamily housing property" means a property consisting of more than 4 dwelling units:

(I) to which the Corporation acquires title either in its corporate capacity or as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property), but not in its capacity as an operating conservator; and

(II) that has an appraised value that does not exceed, for such part of the property as may be attributable to dwelling use (excluding exterior land improvements), $29,500 per family unit without a bedroom, $33,816 per family unit with 1 bedroom, $41,120 per family unit with 2 bedrooms, $53,195 per family unit with 3 bedrooms, and $58,392 per family unit with 4 or more bedrooms.

(ii) EXPANDED DEFINITION. Notwithstanding clause (i), to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts for additional costs and losses to the Corporation resulting from this clause taking effect, the term "eligible multifamily housing property" shall mean a property consisting of more than 4 dwelling unitc)(9)(E)(ii)(I) to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and(II) that has an appraised value that does not exceed, for such part of the property as may be attributable to dwelling use (excluding exterior land improvements), $29,500 per family unit without a bedroom, $ 33,816 per family unit with 1 bedroom, $41,120 per family unit with 2 bedrooms, $53,195 per family unit with 3 bedrooms, and $58,392 per family unit with 4 or more bedrooms.

(F) Eligible residential property. The term "eligible residential property" includes eligible single family properties and eligible multifamily housing properties.

(G) Eligible single family property. The term "eligible single family property" means a 1- to 4-family residence (including a manufactured home):

(i) to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary has as its principal business the ownership of real property); and

(ii) that has an appraised value that does not exceed:

(I) $67,500 in the case of a 1-family residence, $76,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $92,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $107,000 in the case of a 4-family residence; or

(II) only to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts for additional costs and losses to the Corporation resulting from this subclause taking effect, the amount provided in section 203(b)(2)(A) of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. § 1709(b)(2)(A)], except that such amount shall not exceed $101,250 in the case of a 1-family residence, $114,000 in the case of a 2-family residence, $138,000 in the case of a 3-family residence, and $160,500 in the case of a 4-family residence.

(H) LOWER-INCOME FAMILIES. The term "lower-income families" means families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income of the area involved, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.

(I) NET REALIZABLE MARKET VALUE. The term "net realizable market value" means a price below the market value that takes into account (i) any reductions in holding costs resulting from the expedited sale of a property, including but not limited to foregone real estate taxes, insurance, maintenance costs, security costs, and loss of use of funds, and (ii) the avoidance, where applicable, of fees paid to real estate brokers, auctioneers, or other individuals or organizations involved in the sale of property owned by the Corporation.

(J) NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION. The term "nonprofit organization" means a private organization (including a limited equity cooperative):

(i) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any member, shareholder, founder, contributor, or individual; and

(ii) that is approved by the Corporation as to financial responsibility.

(K) PUBLIC AGENCY. The term "public agency":

(i) means any Federal, State, local, or other governmental entity; and

(ii) includes any public housing agency.

(L) QUALIFYING HOUSEHOLD. The term "qualifying household" means a household (i) who intends to occupy eligible single family property as a principle residence; (ii) who agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months (except as provided in paragraph (2)(D)); (iii) who certifies in writing that the household intends to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months (except as provided in paragraph (2)(D)); and (iv) whose income does not exceed 115 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.

(M) QUALIFYING MULTIFAMILY PURCHASER. The term "qualifying multifamily purchaser" means (i) a public agency, (ii) a nonprofit organization, or (iii) a for-profit entity which makes a commitment (for itself or any related entity) to satisfy the lower-income occupancy requirements specified under paragraph (3)(E) for any eligible multifamily property for which an offer to purchase is made during or after the periods specified under paragraph (3).

(N) RURAL AREA. The term "rural area" has the meaning given such term in section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 [42 U.S.C. § 1490].

(O) SECRETARY. The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Housing and Urban Development.

(P) STATE HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY. The term "State housing finance agency” means the public agency, authority, corporation, or other instrumentality of a State that has the authority to provide residential mortgage loan financing throughout such State.

(Q) VERY LOW-INCOME FAMILIES. The term "very-low income families" means families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed 50 percent of the median income of the area involved, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.

(10) EXEMPTION FOR CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply with respect to any eligible residential property after the date the Corporation enters into a contract to sell such property to an insured depository institution (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]) including any sale in connection with a transfer of all or substantially all of the assets of a closed savings association (including such property) to an insured depository institution.

(11) THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. (A) IN GENERAL. The provisions of this subsection, or any failure by the Corporation to comply with such provisions, may not be used by any person to attack or defeat any title to property once it is conveyed by the Corporation.

(B) LOWER-INCOME OCCUPANCY. The lower-income occupancy requirements applicable under paragraphs (2), (3), (12)(C), (13)(B), and (14)(C) shall be judicially enforceable against purchasers of property under this subsection or their successors in interest by affected very low- and lower-income families, State housing finance agencies, and any agency, corporation, or authority of the United States Government. The parties specified in the preceding sentence shall be entitled to reasonable attorney fees upon prevailing in any such judicial action.

(C) CLEARINGHOUSE. A clearinghouse shall not be subject to suit for its failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection.

(D) CORPORATION. The Corporation shall not be liable to any depositor, creditor, or shareholder of any insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed receiver or conservator, or of any subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, or any claimant against such an institution or subsidiary, because the disposition of assets of the institution or the subsidiary under this subsection affects the amount of return from the assets.

(12) TRANSFER OF CERTAIN ELIGIBLE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES TO STATE HOUSING AGENCIES FOR DISPOSITION. Notwithstanding paragraphs (2), (3), (5), and (6), the Corporation may transfer eligible residential properties to the State housing finance agency or any other State housing agency for the State in which the property is located, or to any local housing agency in whose jurisdiction the property is located. Transfers of eligible residential properties under this paragraph may be conducted by direct sale, consignment sale, or any other method the Corporation considers appropriate and shall be subject to the following requirements:

(A) INDIVIDUAL OR BULK TRANSFER. The Corporation may transfer such properties individually or in bulk, as agreed to by the Corporation and the State housing finance agency or State or local housing agency.

(B) ACQUISITION PRICE AND DISCOUNT. The acquisition price paid by the State housing finance agency or State or local housing agency to the Corporation for properties transferred under this paragraph shall be an amount agreed to by the Corporation and the transferee agency.

(C) LOWER-INCOME USE. Any State housing finance agency or State or local housing agency acquiring properties under this paragraph shall offer to sell or transfer the properties only as follows:

(i) ELIGIBLE SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTIES. For eligible single family properties:

(I) to purchasers described under clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B);

(II) if the purchaser is a purchaser described under paragraph (2)(B)(ii)(I), subject to the rent limitations under paragraph (4)(A);

(III) subject to the requirement in the second sentence of paragraph (2)(B); and

(IV) subject to recapture by the Corporation of excess proceeds from resale of the properties under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (2).

(ii) ELIGIBLE MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROPERTIES. For eligible multifamily housing properties:

(I) to qualifying multifamily purchasers;

(II) subject to the lower-income occupancy requirements under paragraph (3)(E);

(III) subject to the provisions of paragraph (3)(H);

(IV) subject to a preference, among financially acceptable offers, to the offer that would reserve the highest percentage of dwelling units for occupancy or purchase by very low-income families and lower-income families and would retain such affordability for the longest term; and

(V) subject to the rent limitations under paragraph (4)(A).

(D) AFFORDABILITY. The State housing finance agency or State or local housing agency shall endeavor to make the properties transferred under this paragraph more affordable to lower-income families based upon the extent to which the acquisition price of a property under subparagraph (B) is less than the market value of the property.

(13) EXCEPTION FOR SALES TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND PUBLIC AGENCIES. (A) SUSPENSION OF OFFER PERIODS. With respect to any eligible residential property, the Corporation may (in the discretion of the Corporation) suspend any of the requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2) and subparagraphs (A) through (D) of paragraph (3), as applicable, but only to the extent that for the duration of the suspension the Corporation negotiates the sale of the property to a nonprofit organization or public agency. If the property is not sold pursuant to such negotiations, the requirements of any provisions suspended shall apply upon the termination of the suspension. Any time period referred to in such paragraphs shall toll for the duration of any suspension under this subparagraph.

(B) USE RESTRICTIONS. (i) ELIGIBLE SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTY. Any eligible single family property sold under this paragraph shall be (I) made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for lower-income families for the remaining useful life of the property, or made available for purchase by such families, (II) subject to the rent limitations under paragraph (4)(A), (III) subject to the requirements relating to residency of a qualifying household under paragraph (9)(L) and to residency of a lower-income family under paragraph (2)(B)(ii), and (IV) subject to recapture by the Corporation of excess proceeds from resale of the property under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (2).

(ii) ELIGIBLE MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROPERTY. Any eligible multifamily housing property sold under this paragraph shall comply with the lower-income occupancy requirements under paragraph (3)(E) and shall be subject to the rent limitations under paragraph (4)(A).

(14) RULES GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF ELIGIBLE CONDOMINIUM PROPERTY. (A) NOTICE TO CLEARINGHOUSES. Within a reasonable period of time after acquiring title to an eligible condominium property, the Corporation shall provide written notice to clearinghouses. Such notice shall contain basic information about the property. Each clearinghouse shall make such information available, upon request, to purchasers described in clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (B). The Corporation shall allow such purchasers reasonable access to an eligible condominium property for purposes of inspection.

(B) OFFERS TO SELL. For the 180-day period following the date on which the Corporation makes an eligible condominium property available for sale, the Corporation may offer to sell the property, at the discretion of the Corporation, to 1 or more of the following purchasers:

(i) Qualifying households.

(ii) Nonprofit organizations.

(iii) Public agencies.

(iv) For-profit entities.

(C) LOWER-INCOME OCCUPANCY REQUIREMENTS. (i) IN GENERAL. Except as provided in clause (ii), any nonprofit organization, public agency, or for-profit entity that purchases an eligible condominium property shall (I) make the property available for occupancy by and maintain it as affordable for lower-income families for the remaining useful life of the property, or (II) make the property available for purchase by any such family who, except as provided in subparagraph (E), agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months and who certifies in writing that the family intends to occupy the property for at least 12 months. The restriction described in subclause (I) of the preceding sentence shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument.

(ii) MULTIPLE-UNIT PURCHASES. If any nonprofit organization, public agency, or for-profit entity purchases more than 1 eligible condominium property as a part of the same negotiation or purchase, the Corporation may (in the discretion of the Corporation) waive the requirement under clause (i) and provide instead that not less than 35 percent of all eligible condominium properties purchased shall be (I) made available for occupancy by and maintained as affordable for lower-income families for the remaining useful life of the property, or (II) made available for purchase by any such family who, except as provided in subparagraph (E), agrees to occupy the property as a principal residence for at least 12 months and who certifies in writing that the family intends to occupy the property for at least 12 months. The restriction described subclause (I) of the preceding sentence shall be contained in the deed or other recorded instrument.

(iii) SALE TO OTHER PURCHASERS. If, upon the expiration of the 180-day period referred to in subparagraph (B), no purchaser described in clauses (i) through (iv) of subparagraph (B) has made a bona fide offer to purchase the property, the Corporation may offer to sell the property to any other purchaser.

(D) RECAPTURE OF PROFITS FROM RESALE. Except as provided in subparagraph (E), if any eligible condominium property sold (i) to a qualifying household, or (ii) to a lower-income family pursuant to subparagraph (C)(i)(II) or (C)(ii)(II), is resold by the qualifying household or lower-income family during the 1-year period beginning upon initial acquisition by the household or family, the Corporation shall recapture 75 percent of the amount of any proceeds from the resale that exceed the sum of (I) the original sale price for the acquisition of the property by the qualifying household or lower-income family, (II) the costs of any improvements to the property made after the date of the acquisition, and (III) any closing costs in connection with the acquisition.

(E) EXCEPTION TO RECAPTURE REQUIREMENT. The Corporation (or its successor) may in its discretion waive the applicability to any qualifying household or lower-income family of the requirement under subparagraph (D) and the requirements relating to residency of a qualifying household or lower-income family (under paragraph (9)(L) and subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, respectively). The Corporation may grant any such a waiver only for good cause shown, including any necessary relocation of the qualifying household or lower-income family.

(F) LIMITATIONS ON MULTIPLE UNIT PURCHASES. The Corporation may not sell or offer to sell as part of the same negotiation or purchase any eligible condominium properties that are not located in the same condominium project (as such term is defined in section 604 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 [15 U.S.C. § 3603]). The preceding sentence may not be construed to require all eligible condominium propertiesoffered or sold as part of the same negotiation or purchase to be located in the same structure.

(G) RENT LIMITATIONS. Rents charged to tenants of eligible condominium properties made available for occupancy by very low-income families shall not exceed 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 50 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size. Rents charged to tenants of eligible condominium properties made available for occupancy by lower-income families other than very low-income families shall not exceed 30 percent of the adjusted income of a family whose income equals 65 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary, with adjustment for family size.

(15) REPORTS TO CONGRESS. (A) IN GENERAL. The Corporation shall submit to the Congress semiannual reports under this paragraph regarding the disposition of eligible residential properties under this subsection during the most recently concluded reporting period. The first report under this paragraph shall be submitted not later than the expiration of the 4-month period beginning upon the conclusion of the first reporting period under subparagraph (B). Subsequent reports shall be submitted not less than every 6 months after such expiration.

(B) REPORTING PERIODS. For purposes of this paragraph, the term "reporting period" means the 6-month period for which a report under this paragraph is made, except that the first reporting period shall be the period beginning on the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989] and ending on the date of the enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Refinancing, Restructuring, and Improvement Act of 1991 December 12, 1991]. Each successive reporting period shall begin upon the conclusion of the preceding reporting period.

(C) INFORMATION REGARDING PROPERTIES SOLD. Each report under this paragraph shall contain information regarding each eligible residential property sold by the Corporation during the applicable reporting period, as follows:

(i) A description of the property, the location of the property, and the number of dwelling units in the property.

(ii) The appraised value of the property.

(iii) The sale price of the property.

(iv) For eligible single family properties:

(I) the income and race of the purchaser of the property, if the property is sold to an occupying household or is sold for resale to an occupying household; and

(II) whether the property is reserved for residency by very low or lower income families, if the property is sold for use as rental property.

(v) For eligible multifamily housing properties, the number and percentage of dwelling units in the property reserved for occupancy by very low and lower income families.

(vi) The number of eligible single family properties sold after the expiration of the offer period for such properties referred to in paragraph (2)(B).

(vii) The number of eligible multifamily housing properties sold after the expiration of the periods for such properties referred to in subparagraphs (B) and (D) of paragraph (3).

(D) NUMBER OF PROPERTIES WITHIN WINDOWS. Each report under this paragraph shall contain the following information:

(i) The number of eligible single family properties for which the offer period referred to in paragraph (2)(B) had not expired before the conclusion of the applicable reporting period (or had not yet commenced).

(ii) The number of eligible multifamily housing properties for which the 90-day period referred to in paragraph (3)(B) had not expired before the conclusion of the applicable reporting period (or had not yet commenced).

(16) NOTICE TO CLEARINGHOUSES REGARDING INELIGIBLE PROPERTIES. (A) IN GENERAL. Within a reasonable period of time after acquiring title to an ineligible residential property, the Corporation shall, to the extent practicable, provide written notice to clearinghouses.

(B) CONTENT. For ineligible single family properties, such notice shall contain the same information about such properties that the notice required under paragraph (2)(A) contains with respect to eligible single family properties. For ineligible multifamily housing properties, such notice shall contain the same information about such properties that the notice required under paragraph (3)(A) contains with respect to eligible multifamily housing properties. For ineligible condominium properties, such notice shall contain the same information about such properties that the notice required under paragraph (14)(A) contains with respect to eligible condominium properties.

(C) AVAILABILITY. The clearinghouses shall make such information available, upon request, to other public agencies, other nonprofit organizations, qualifying households, qualifying multifamily purchasers, and other purchasers, as appropriate.

(D) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions shall apply:

(i) INELIGIBLE CONDOMINIUM PROPERTY. The term "ineligible condominium property" means a condominium unit, as such term is defined in section 604 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980 [15 U.S.C. § 3603]:

(I) to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary corporation has as its principal business the ownership of real property);

(II) that has an appraised value that does not exceed the applicable dollar amount limitation for the property under paragraph (9)(D)(ii)(II); and

(III) that is not an eligible condominium property.

(ii) INELIGIBLE MULTIFAMILY HOUSING PROPERTY. The term "ineligible multifamily housing property" means a property consisting of more than 4 dwelling units:

(I) to which the Corporation acquires title in its capacity as conservator (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship, which subsidiary corporation has as its principal business the ownership of real property);

(II) that has an appraised value that does not exceed, for such part of the property as may be attributable to dwelling use (excluding exterior land improvements), the dollar amount limitations under paragraph (9)(E)(i)(II); and

(III) that is not an eligible multifamily housing property.

(iii) INELIGIBLE SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTY. The term "ineligible single family property" means a 1- to 4-family residence (including a manufactured home):

(I) to which the Corporation acquires title in its corporate capacity, its capacity as conservator, or its capacity as receiver (including its capacity as the sole owner of a subsidiary corporation of a depository institution under conservatorship or receivership, which subsidiary corporation has as its principal business the ownership of real property);

(II) that has an appraised value that does not exceed the applicable dollar amount limitation for the property under paragraph (9)(G)(ii)(II); and

(III) that is not an eligible single family property.

(iv) INELIGIBLE RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY. The term "ineligible residential property" includes ineligible single family properties, ineligible multifamily housing properties, and ineligible condominium properties.

(17) UNIFIED AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROGRAM. (A) IN GENERAL. Not later than 4 months after the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993], the Corporation shall enter into an agreement, as described in section 40(n)(3) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1831q(n)], with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation that sets out a plan for the orderly unification of the Corporation's activities, authorities, and responsibilities under this subsection with the authorities, activities, and responsibilities of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation pursuant to section 40 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1831q] in a manner that best achieves an effective and comprehensive affordable housing program management structure. The agreement shall be entered into after consultation with the Affordable Housing Advisory Board under section 14(b) of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [12 U.S.C. § 1831q note].

(B) AUTHORITY AND IMPLEMENTATION. The Corporation shall have the authority to carry out the provisions of the agreement entered into pursuant to subparagraph (A) and shall implement such agreement as soon as practicable, but in no event later than 8 months after the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993].

(C) TRANSFER OF AUTHORITY. Effective upon October 1, 1995, any remaining authority and responsibilities of the Corporation under this subsection shall be carried out by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(d) NATIONAL AND REGIONAL ADVISORY BOARDS. (1) NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD. (A) ESTABLISHMENT. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall establish a national advisory board to provide information to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, and to advise that Board on policies and programs for the sale or other disposition of real property assets of institutions which are described in subsection (b)(3)(A).

(B) MEMBERSHIP. The national advisory board shall consist of:

(i) a chairperson appointed by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board; and

(ii) the chairpersons of any regional advisory boards established pursuant to paragraph (3).

(C) MEETINGS. The national advisory board shall meet 4 times a year, or more frequently if requested by the Corporation.

(2) [Reserved]

(3) REGIONAL ADVISORY BOARDS. (A) ESTABLISHMENT. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall establish not less than 6 regional advisory boards to advise the Corporation on the policies and programs for the sale or other disposition of real property assets of institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A). Such regional advisory boards shall be established in any region where the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board determines that there exists a significant portfolio of real property assets of institutions which are described in subsection (b)(3)(A).

(B) MEMBERSHIP. (i) APPOINTMENT. Each regional advisory board shall consist of 5 members. Each member shall be appointed by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and shall serve at the pleasure of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board. The members shall be selected from those residents of the region who will represent the views of low- and moderate-income consumers and small businesses, or who have knowledge and experience regarding business, financial, and real estate matters.

(ii) TERMS. Each member of a regional advisory board shall serve a term not to exceed 2 years, except that the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may provide for classes of members so that the terms of not more than 3 members of any such board shall expire in any 1 year.

(C) MEETINGS. Each regional advisory board shall meet 4 times a year, or more frequently if requested by the Corporation. A regional advisory board shall conduct its meetings in its region.

(4) PROHIBITION ON COMPENSATION. Members of the national and regional advisory boards shall serve without compensation, except that such members shall be entitled to receive allowances in accordance with subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 5701, et seq.], for necessary expenses of travel, lodging, and subsistence incurred in attending official meetings and other activities of the boards.

(5) TREATMENT AS ADVISORY COMMITTEE AND TERMINATION OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL ADVISORY BOARDS. (A) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT. The national and regional advisory boards shall be subject to the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act [5 U.S.C. Appx. I].

(B) TERMINATION. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act [5 U.S.C. Appx. I], the national advisory board and any regional advisory board established pursuant to this subsection which is in existence on the date on which the Corporation terminates shall also terminate on such date.

(e) INSTITUTIONS ORGANIZED BY THE CORPORATION. (1) LIMITATIONS ON CERTAIN ACTIVITIES. All insured depository institutions (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]) organized by the Corporation under this section shall, during the period such institutions are within the control of the Corporation, be subject to such limitations, restrictions, and conditions as determined by the Corporation with respect to the following activities:

(A) Growth of assets.

(B) Lending and borrowing activities.

(C) Asset acquisitions.

(D) Use of brokered deposits.

(E) Payment of deposit rates.

(F) Setting policy or credit standards.

(G) Capital standards.

(2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW. Except as otherwise provided, all insured depository institutions (defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]) organized by the Corporation shall:

(A) be subject to all laws and rules otherwise applicable to them as insured depository institutions, and

(B) be subject to the supervision of the appropriate Federal banking agency (as that term is defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813]).

(f) LIMITATION ON CERTAIN CORPORATION ACTIVITIES. (1) CERTAIN SALES PROHIBITED. The Corporation shall prescribe regulations to prohibit the sale of assets of a failed institution by the Corporation to any person who:

(A)(i) has defaulted, or was a member of a partnership or an officer or director of a corporation which has defaulted, on 1 or more obligations the aggregate amount of which exceed $1,000,000 to such failed institution;

(ii) has been found to have engaged in fraudulent activity in connection with any obligation referred to in clause (i); and

(iii) proposes to purchase any such asset in whole or in part through the use of the proceeds of a loan or advance of credit from the Corporation or from any institution subject to the jurisdiction of the Corporation pursuant to paragraph (3)(A);

(B) participated, as an officer or director of such failed institution or of any affiliate of such institution, in a material way in transactions that resulted in a substantial loss to such failed institution;

(C) has been removed from, or prohibited from participating in the affairs of, such failed institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by an appropriate Federal banking agency; or

(D) has demonstrated a pattern or practice of defalcation regarding obligations to such failed institution.

(2) SETTLEMENT OF CLAIMS; DEFINITIONS. (A) SETTLEMENT OF CLAIMS. Nothing in this subsection shall prohibit the Corporation from selling or otherwise transferring any asset to any person if the sale or transfer of the asset resolves or settles, or is part of the resolution or settlement, of obligations owed by the person to the failed institution or the Corporation.

(B) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of paragraph (1):

(i) DEFAULT. The term "default" means a failure to comply with the terms of a loan or other obligation to such an extent that the property securing the obligation is foreclosed upon.

(ii) AFFILIATE. The term "affiliate" has the meaning given to such term in section 2(k) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 [12 U.S.C. § 1841(k)].

(g) EXEMPTION FROM STATE AND LOCAL TAXATION. The Corporation and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, the capital, reserves, surpluses, and assets of the Corporation and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, and the income derived from such capital, reserves, surpluses, or assets shall be exempt from State, municipal, and local taxation except taxes on real estate held by the Corporation, according to its value as other similar property held by other persons is taxed.

(h) GUARANTEES OF FSLIC. (1) ASSUMPTION BY CORPORATION. On the date of the enactment of this section [August 9, 1989], the Corporation shall, by operation of law (and without further action by the Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, the Federal Housing Finance Board, the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or any court), assume all rights and obligations of the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation with respect to any guarantee issued by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation during the period beginning on January 1, 1989, and ending on such date of enactment, in connection with any loan to any savings association by any Federal Reserve bank or Federal Home Loan Bank (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as a "lender").

(2) PAYMENT BY CORPORATION. Any obligation assumed by the Corporation for any guarantee described in paragraph (1) to any lender shall be paid by the Corporation before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this section. Payment shall be made from funds or assets available to the Corporation.

(3) PRIORITY OF CLAIMS OF LENDERS. Any claim by a lender with respect to any obligation assumed by the Corporation for a guarantee described in paragraph (1) shall have priority over all other secured or unsecured obligations of the Corporation.

(4) TREASURY BACKUP. If the resources of the Corporation are insufficient to pay all the obligations assumed by the Corporation under paragraph (1) within the 1-year period, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay the amount of any such deficiency. There are hereby appropriated to the Secretary for fiscal year 1989 and each fiscal year thereafter, such sums as may be necessary to pay such deficiency.

(i) FUNDING. (1) BORROWING. (A) IN GENERAL. The Corporation, upon approval of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, is authorized to borrow from the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to loan to the Corporation, on such terms as may be fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury, an amount not exceeding in the aggregate $5,000,000,000 outstanding at any one time.

(B) INTEREST RATE. Each such loan shall bear interest at a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration current market yields on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States of comparable maturities.

(2) INTERIM FUNDING. The Secretary of the Treasury shall provide the sum of $30,000,000,000 to the Corporation to carry out the purposes of thissection.

(3) ADDITIONAL INTERIM FUNDING. In addition to amounts provided under paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Treasury shall provide to the Corporation such sums as may be necessary, not to exceed $25 billion, to carry out the purposes of this section.

(4) CONDITIONS ON AVAILABILITY OF FINAL FUNDING IN EXCESS OF $10,000,000,000. (A) CERTIFICATION REQUIRED. Of the funds appropriated under paragraph (3) which are provided after April 1, 1993, any amount in excess of $10,000,000,000 shall not be available to the Corporation before the date on which the Secretary of the Treasury certifies to the Congress that, since the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993], the Corporation has taken such action as may be necessary to comply with the requirements of subsection (w) of this section or that, as of the date of the certification, the Corporation is continuing to make adequate progress toward full compliance with such requirements.

(B) APPEARANCE UPON REQUEST. The Secretary of the Treasury shall appear before the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives or the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate, upon the request of the chairman of the committee, to report on any certification made to the Congress under subparagraph (A).

(5) RETURN TO TREASURY. If the aggregate amount of funds transferred to the Corporation pursuant to this subsection exceeds the amount needed to carry out the purposes of this section or to meet the requirements of section 11(a)(6)(F) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(a)(6)(F)], such excess amount shall be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury.

(6) FUNDS ONLY FOR DEPOSITORS. Notwithstanding any provision of law other than section 13(c)(4)(G) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)(G)], fundsappropriated under this section shall not be used in any manner to benefit any shareholder of:

(A) any insured depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver, in connection with any type of resolution by the Corporation;

(B) any other insured depository institution in default or in danger of default, in connection with any type of resolution by the Corporation; or

(C) any insured depository institution, in connection with the provision of assistance under section 11 or 13 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821 or 1823] with respect to such institution, except that this subparagraph shall not prohibit assistance to any insured depository institution that is not in default, or that is not in danger of default, that is acquiring (as defined in section 13(f)(8)(B) of such Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(f)(8)(B)]) another insured depository institution.

(j) MAXIMUM AMOUNT LIMITATIONS ON OUTSTANDING OBLIGATIONS. (1) IN GENERAL. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the amount which is equal to:

(A) the sum of:

(i) the total amount of contributions received from the Resolution Funding Corporation; and

(ii) the total amount of outstanding obligations of the Corporation; minus

(B) the sum of:

(i) the amount of cash held by the Corporation; and

(ii) the amount which is equal to 85 percent of the Corporation's estimate of the fair market value of other assets held by the Corporation, may not exceed $50,000,000,000.

(2) OUTSTANDING OBLIGATION DEFINED. For purposes of this subsection (other than paragraph (3)), the term "outstanding obligation" includes:

(A) any obligation or other liability assumed by the Corporation from the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation under this section or pursuant to any provision of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989;

(B) any guarantee issued by the Corporation;

(C) the total of the outstanding amounts borrowed from the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to subsection (i); and

(D) any other obligation for which the Corporation has a direct or contingent liability to pay any amount.

(3) FULL FAITH AND CREDIT. The full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of any obligation issued by the Corporation, with respect to both principal and interest, if:

(A) the principal amount of such obligation is stated in the obligation; and

(B) the term to maturity or the date of maturity of such obligation is stated in the obligation.

(4) ESTIMATES OF COSTS OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES REQUIRED. (A) IN GENERAL. The Corporation shall:

(i) estimate the cost to such Corporation of any contingent liability of the Corporation; and

(ii) at least once each calendar quarter, make such adjustment as is appropriate in the estimate of such cost.

(B) INCLUSION IN FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND OUTSTANDING OBLIGATIONS. The estimated amount of the cost to the Corporation of any contingent liability of the Corporation (taking into account the most recent adjustment to such estimate pursuant to paragraph (A)(ii) shall be:

(i) treated as an outstanding obligation of the Corporation for purposes of this subsection; and

(ii) included in any financial statement of the Corporation.(k) REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE OBLIGATIONS. (1) AUDITS. (A) ANNUAL AUDIT. otwithstanding section 9105 of title 31, United States Code, the Comptroller General shall audit annually the financial statements of the Corporation in accordance with generally accepted Government auditing standards. The audited statements shall be transmitted to the Congress by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board not later than 180 days after the end of the Corporation's fiscal year to which those statements apply.

(B) ACCESS TO BOOKS AND RECORDS. All books, records, accounts, reports, files, and property belonging to or used by the Corporation, or the Thrift epositor Protection Oversight Board shall be made available to the Comptroller General.

(2) PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF TRANSACTIONS. (A) DISCLOSURE REQUIRED. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the Corporation shall make vailable to the public:

(i) any agreement entered into by the Corporation relating to a transaction for which the Corporation provides assistance pursuant to section 13(c) of he Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)], not later than 30 days after the first meeting of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board after such agreement is entered into; and

(ii) all agreements relating to cases reviewed by the Corporation pursuant to subsection (b)(11)(B) of this section.

(B) EXCEPTION FOR DISCLOSURES AGAINST THE PUBLIC INTEREST. (i) IN GENERAL. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may withhold from public disclosure any document or part of a document if the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board determines, by a unanimous affirmative vote of the members of the Board, that disclosure would be contrary to the public interest.

(ii) REPORT OF DETERMINATION. A written report shall be made of any determination by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board to withhold any part of a document from public disclosure pursuant to clause (i). Such report shall contain a full explanation of the specific reasons for such determination.

(iii) PUBLICATION AND SUBMISSION OF REPORT. The report prepared pursuant to clause (ii) shall be:

(I) published in the Federal Register; and

(II) transmitted to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate.

(C) AGREEMENT DEFINED. For purposes of this subsection, the term "agreement" includes:

(i) all documents which effectuate the terms and conditions of the assisted transaction;

(ii) a comparison, which the Corporation shall prepare of:

(I) the estimated cost of the transaction, with

(II) the estimated cost of liquidating the insured institution; and

(iii) a description of any economic or statistical assumptions on which such estimates are based.

(3) DISCLOSURE TO CONGRESS OF TRANSACTIONS. (A) PROSPECTIVE TRANSACTIONS. The Corporation shall make available to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate any agreement entered into by the Corporation relating to a transaction for which the Corporation provides assistance pursuant to section 13(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)] not later than 25 days after the first meeting of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board after such agreement is entered into. The foregoing requirement is in addition to the Corporation's obligation to make such agreements publicly available pursuant to paragraph (2).

(B) PRIOR TRANSACTIONS. The Corporation shall submit a report to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Congress containing the results and conclusions of the review of the 1988 transactions conducted pursuant to subsection (b)(10)(B) of this section and such recommendations for legislative action as the Corporation may determine to be appropriate.

(4) ANNUAL REPORTS. (A) IN GENERAL. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall annually submit a full report of their respective operations, activities, budgets, receipts, and expenditures for the preceding 12-month period.

(B) CONTENTS. The report required under subparagraph (A) shall include:

(i) audited statements and such information as is necessary to make known the financial condition and operations of the Corporation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(ii) the Corporation's financial operating plans and forecasts (including budgets, estimates of actual and future spending, and estimates of actual and future cash obligations) taking into account the Corporation's financial commitments, guarantees, and other contingent liabilities;

(iii) the number of minority and women investors participating in the bidding process for assisted acquisitions and the disposition of assets and the number of successful bids by such investors;

(iv) a list of the properties sold to State housing finance authorities (as such term is defined in section 1301 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1441a-1]), the individual purchase prices of such properties, and an estimate of the premium paid by such authorities for such properties; and

(v) descriptions of the operations and activities of the national and regional advisory boards established under subsection (d) and financial statements detailing the expenses of such boards.

(C) SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT. The Corporation shall submit each annual report required under this subsection to the Congress and the President as soon as practicable after the end of the calendar year for which such report is made but not later than June 30 of the year following such calendar year.

(5) ADDITIONAL REPORTS. (A) REPORTS REQUIRED. In addition to the annual report required under paragraph (4), the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall submit to Congress not later than April 30 and October 31 of each calendar year, a semiannual report on the activities and efforts of the Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board for the 6-month period ending on the last day of the month prior to the month in which such report is required to be submitted.

(B) CONTENTS OF REPORT. Each semiannual report required under subparagraph (A) shall include the following information with respect to the Corporation's assets and liabilities and to the assets and liabilities of institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section:

(i) A statement of the total book value of all assets held or managed by the Corporation at the beginning and end of the reporting period.

(ii) A statement of the total book value of such assets which are under contract to be managed by private persons and entities at the beginning and end of the reporting period.

(iii) The number of employees of the Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board at the beginning and end of the reporting period.

(iv) The total amounts expended on employee wages, salaries, and overhead, during such period which are attributable to:

(I) contracting with, supervising, or reviewing the performance of private contractors, or

(II) managing or disposing of such assets.

(v) A statement of the total amount expended on private contractors for the management of such assets.

(vi) A statement of the efforts of the Corporation to maximize the efficient utilization of the resources of the private sector during the reporting period and in future reporting periods and a description of the policies and procedures adopted to ensure adequate competition and fair and consistent treatment of qualified third parties seeking to provide services to the Corporation or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(vii) The total book value and total proceeds from such assets disposed of during the reporting period.

(viii) Summary data on discounts from book value at which such assets were sold or otherwise disposed of during the reporting period.

(ix) A list of all of the areas that carried a distressed area designation during the reporting period (including a justification for removal of areas from or addition of areas to the list of distressed areas).

(x) An evaluation of market conditions in distressed areas and a description of any changes in conditions during the reporting period.

(xi) Any change adopted by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board in a minimum disposition price and the reasons for such change.

(xii) The valuation method or methods adopted by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation to value assets and the reasons for selecting such methods.

(xiii) A complete description of all actions taken by the Corporation pursuant to subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 1216 of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1833e(a)-(c)] with respect to the employment of and contracting with minorities, women, and businesses owned or controlled by minorities or women and any other activity of the Corporation pursuant to the outreach program of the Corporation for minorities and women. Such description shall specify the steps taken by the Corporation, in its corporate capacity and its capacity as conservator or receiver, to implement the minority and women outreach programs required by section 1216(c) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1833(c)] and shall set forth information and data showing:

(I) the extent to which and means by which contract solicitations have been directed to minorities, women, and businesses owned or controlled by minorities or women by the Corporation and by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on behalf of the Corporation;

(II) the extent to which prime contracts and subcontracts have been awarded to minorities, women, and businesses owned or controlled by minorities or women, including data with respect to the number of such contracts, the dollar amounts thereof, and the percentage of Corporation contracting activity represented thereby (including contracting activity by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on behalf of the Corporation);

(III) contracting and outreach activity with respect to joint ventures and other business arrangements in which minorities, women, or businesses owned or controlled by minorities or women have a participation or interest; and

(IV) the extent to which the Corporation's minority and women contracting outreach programs have been successful in maximizing opportunities through the outreach policies established by the Corporation for participation of minorities, women, and businesses owned or controlled by minorities or women in the Corporation's contracting activities.

(C) SUPPLEMENTAL UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. In addition to the annual report required under paragraph (4), the Oversight Board and the Corporation shall submit to the Congress, not later than September 30 of each calendar year, an unaudited financial statement for the 6-month period ending on June 30 of such year.

(6) APPEARANCES BEFORE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES. [(A)] SEMIANNUAL APPEARANCE REQUIRED. Not later than 30 days after submission of the semiannual reports required by paragraph (5), the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall appear before the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate to:

(i) report on the progress made during such period in resolving cases involving institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section;

(ii) provide an estimate of the short-term and long-term cost to the United States Government of obligations issued or incurred during such period;

(iii) report on the progress made during such period in selling assets of institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section and the impact such sales are having on the local markets in which such assets are located;

(iv) describe the costs incurred by the Corporation in issuing obligations, managing and selling assets acquired by the Corporation;

(v) provide an estimate of the income of the Corporation from assets acquired by the Corporation;

(vi) provide an assessment of any potential source of additional funds for the Corporation; and

(vii) provide an estimate of the remaining exposure of the United States Government in connection with institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section which, in the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board's estimation, will require assistance or liquidation after the end of such period.

(7) QUARTERLY REPORTS. Not later than May 31, August 31, November 30, and the last day of February of each year, the Corporation shall submit a report to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate containing the following information for the preceding calendar quarter:

(A) ASSET SALES. The report shall contain the following information with respect to assets of institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section which were disposed of by the Corporation during the quarter covered by the report:

(i) The total amount of the actual sales of assets during the quarter.

(ii) The value of the assets as determined on the basis of the amount at which each such asset was accounted for on the books of the institution.

(iii) The fair market value of the assets as estimated by the Corporation for purposes of securing amounts borrowed from the Federal Financing Bank by the Corporation.

(iv) The net recovery on asset sales during the quarter.

(v) A subtotal of the value of the assets disposed of during the quarter in each of the following categories:

(I) Cash and securities.

(II) Mortgage loans for 1- to 4-family dwellings.

(III) Construction and land loans.

(IV) Other mortgage loans.

(V) Consumer loans.

(VI) Commercial loans.

(VII) Real estate owned assets.

(VIII) Other assets.

(B) AUCTION SALES. The report shall contain information regarding auction sales of RTC assets, including the following information:

(i) The date and location of each auction sale during the quarter.

(ii) The total value of the sales of assets sold during an auction during the quarter.

(iii) The total value of assets sold at each auction, as determined on the basis of the amount at which each such asset was accounted for on the books of the institution.

(iv) The total fair market value of assets sold at each auction, as estimated by the Corporation.

(v) The total actual selling price of assets sold during each auction held during the quarter.

(vi) The net recovery or loss on assets sold during an auction during the quarter, by category listed in subclauses (I) through (VII) of clause (vii).

(vii) A subtotal of the value of the assets sold during an auction during the quarter in each of the following categories:

(I) Cash and securities.

(II) Mortgage loans for 1- to 4-family dwellings.

(III) Construction and land loans.

(IV) Other mortgage loans.

(V) Consumer loans.

(VI) Commercial loans.

(VII) Real estate owned assets.

(VIII) Other assets.

(C) FEDERAL FINANCING BANK LOAN STATUS. The report shall contain the following information with respect to loans from the Federal Financing Bank to the Corporation:

(i) The total amount of loans outstanding at the beginning of the quarter.

(ii) The total amount of loans originated during the quarter.

(iii) The total amount of loans repaid during the quarter.

(iv) The total amount of loans outstanding at the end of the quarter.

(D) SELLER FINANCING. The report shall contain information regarding the Corporation's use of seller financing to encourage the sales of assets during the quarter, including the following:

(i) A total of the amount of funds used for seller financing purposes during the quarter.

(ii) The number of applications received by the Corporation which requested seller financing.

(iii) A breakdown of the type of assets sold, according to the categories listed in subclauses (I) through (VIII) of subparagraph (B)(vii).

(iv) Projections of the total amount of seller financing which will be needed during the succeeding 2 quarters.

(8) OPERATING PLANS. (A) IN GENERAL. Before the beginning of each calendar quarter, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives a detailed financial operating plan covering the remaining quarters of the Corporation's fiscal year in which that quarter occurs.

(B) CONTENTS. At a minimum, a detailed financial operating plan shall include:

(i) estimates of the aggregate assets of institutions that are projected to be resolved in each quarter,

(ii) the estimated aggregate cost of resolutions in each quarter,

(iii) the estimated aggregate asset sales and principal collections in each quarter, and

(iv) the Corporation's summary pro forma financial statement at the end of each quarter.

(9) REPORTS ON SEVERELY TROUBLED INSTITUTIONS. The Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision shall deliver on a quarterly basis to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board a list of savings associations for which the Director has determined grounds exist, or are likely to exist in the current fiscal year of the Corporation and in the next following fiscal year of the Corporation, for the appointment of a conservator or receiver under the Home Owners' Loan Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1461, et seq.]. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall report the aggregate number and assets of such savings associations to Congress within 60 days after June 30 and December 31 of each calendar year. 

(10) BUDGET REPORTS. (A) IN GENERAL. Before the end of each calendar quarter, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall submit a report to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate containing the complete annual budget, as approved by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(B) ACTIVITIES RELATING TO PHASING OUT RTC OPERATIONS. Beginning with the report due in the 1st quarter of 1994, the report shall include information on the Corporation's activities to phase down its operations and reduce the number of employees and the amount of office space and other overhead as the Corporation completes its duties under this section and approaches termination.

(11) EMPLOYEE REPORTS. The Corporation shall submit semiannual reports to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate containing the following information:

(A) The total number of employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the total number of individuals performing services directly on behalf of the Corporation.

(B) The total number of individuals performing services for the Corporation as employees of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other agency, including the General Accounting Office and the number from each such agency.

(C) The total number of individuals employed in each job classification and employment status, including employment on a temporary basis or for an agreed upon period of time.

(l) POWER TO REMOVE; JURISDICTION. (1) IN GENERAL. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any civil action, suit, or proceeding to which the Corporation is a party shall be deemed to arise under the laws of the United States, and the United States district courts shall have original jurisdiction over such action, suit, or proceeding.

(2) CORPORATION AS PARTY. The Corporation shall be substituted as a party in any civil action, suit, or proceeding to which its predecessor in interest was a party with respect to institutions which are subject to the management agreement dated February 7, 1989, among the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(3) REMOVAL AND REMAND. (A) IN GENERAL. The Corporation, in any capacity and without bond or security, may remove any action, suit, or proceeding from a State court to the United States district court with jurisdiction over the place where the action, suit, or proceeding is pending, to the United States district court for the District of Columbia, or to the United States district court with jurisdiction over the principal place of business of any institution for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver if the action, suit, or proceeding is brought against the institution or the Corporation as conservator or receiver of such institution. The removal of any such suit or proceeding shall be instituted:

(i) not later than 90 days after the date the Corporation is substituted as a party, or

(ii) not later than 30 days after service onthe Corporation, if the Corporation is named as a party in any capacity and if such suit is filed after August 9, 1989.

(B) SUBSTITUTION. The Corporation shall be deemed substituted in any action, suit, or proceeding for a party upon the filing of a copy of the order appointing the Corporation as conservator or receiver for that party or the filing of such other pleading informing the court that the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver for such party.

(C) APPEAL. The Corporation may appeal any order of remand entered by a United States district court.

(m) TERMINATION. (1) IN GENERAL. The Corporation shall terminate not later than December 31, 1995. If at the time of its termination, the Corporation is acting as a conservator or receiver, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall succeed the Corporation as conservator or receiver.

(2) CASE RESOLUTIONS TRANSFERRED. Simultaneous with the termination of the Corporation as provided in paragraph (1), all assets and liabilities of the Corporation shall be transferred to the FSLIC Resolution Fund. Thereafter, if there are no liabilities of the Corporation outstanding, the FSLIC Resolution Fund shall transfer any net proceeds from the sale of assets to the Resolution Funding Corporation.

(3) TRANSFER OF PERSONNEL AND SYSTEMS. In connection with the assumption by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation of conservatorship and receivership functions with respect to institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section and the termination of the Corporation pursuant to paragraph (1):

(A) any management, resolution, or asset-disposition system of the Corporation which the Secretary of the Treasury determines, after considering the recommendations of the interagency transition task force under section 6(c) of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [note to this section], has been of benefit to the operations of the Corporation (including any personal property of the Corporation which is used in operating any such system) shall, notwithstanding paragraph (2), be transferred to and used by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in a manner which preserves the integrity of the system for so long as such system is efficient and cost-effective; and

(B) any personnel of the Corporation involved with any such system who are otherwise eligible to be transferred to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall be transferred to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for continued employment, subject to section 404(9) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1437 note] and other applicable provisions of this section, with respect to such system.

(n) CONFLICT OF INTEREST. (1) IN GENERAL. (A) The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall each be an "agency" for purposes of title 18, United States Code. Any individual who, pursuant to a contract or any other arrangement, performs functions or activities of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation, under the direct supervision of an officer or employee of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation, shall be deemed to be an employee of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation for the purposes of title 18, United States Code and this Act.

(B) Any individual who, pursuant to a contract or any other agreement, acts for or on behalf of the Corporation shall be deemed to be a public official for the purposes of section 201 of title 18, United States Code.

(2) ESTABLISHMENT OF RULES. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this subsection [August 9, 1989], promulgate rules and regulations governing conflict of interest, ethical responsibilities, and post-employment restrictions applicable to members, officers, and employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation that shall be no less stringent than those applicable to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(3) USE OF CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation shall, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this subsection [August 9, 1989], promulgate rules and regulations applicable to independent contractors governing conflicts of interest, ethical responsibilities, and the use of confidential information consistent with the goals and purposes of titles 18 and 41, United States Code.

(4) POST EMPLOYMENT. The chief executive officer of the Corporation shall be prohibited for a period of 1 year after leaving the Corporation from holding any office, position, or employment with, or receiving remuneration from, a company (other than the Corporation) which, during the time the chief executive was employed by the Corporation, participated in any case resolution or contract with the Corporation for which such person was either responsible or in which such person was personally and substantially involved except that the chief executive officer may hold any office, position, or employment so long as the chief executive officer does not, during the 1-year period, provide advice with respect to, participate in decisions relating to, or otherwise provide assistance to such entity on the enumerated matters or receive remuneration with respect thereto from such company.

(5) OTHER AGENCY EMPLOYEES. Officers and employees of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board and the Corporation who are also subject to the ethical rules of another agency or Government Corporation shall file with the Corporation a copy of any financial disclosure statement required by such other agency or corporation.

(6) DISAPPROVAL OF CONTRACTORS. (A) IN GENERAL. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall prescribe regulations establishing procedures for ensuring that any individual who is performing, directly or indirectly, any function or service on behalf of the Corporation meets minimum standards of competence, experience, integrity, and fitness.

(B) PROHIBITION FROM SERVICE ON BEHALF OF CORPORATION. The procedures established under subparagraph (A) shall provide that the Corporation shall prohibit any person who does not meet the minimum standards of competence, experience, integrity, and fitness from:

(i) entering into any contract with the Corporation; or

(ii) being employed by the Corporation or any person performing any service for or on behalf of the Corporation.

(C) INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED. The procedures established under subparagraph (A) shall require that any offer submitted to the Corporation by any person under this section and any employment application submitted to the Corporation by any person shall include:

(i) a list and description of any instance during the preceding 5 years in which the person or company under such person's control defaulted on a material obligation to an insured depository institution; and

(ii) such other information as the Board may prescribe by regulation.

(D) SUBSEQUENT SUBMISSIONS. No offer submitted to the Corporation may be accepted unless the offeror agrees that no person will be employed, directly or indirectly, by the offeror under any contract with the Corporation unless all applicable information described in subparagraph (C) with respect to any such person is submitted to the Corporation and the Corporation does not disapprove of the direct or indirect employment of such person. Any decision made by the Corporation pursuant to this paragraph shall be in its sole discretion and shall not be subject to review.

(E) PROHIBITION REQUIRED IN CERTAIN CASES. The standards established under subparagraph (A) shall require the Corporation to prohibit any person who has:

(i) been convicted of any felony,

(ii) been removed from, or prohibited from participating in the affairs of, any insured depository institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by any appropriate Federal banking agency,

(iii) demonstrated a pattern or practice of defalcation regarding obligations to insured depository institutions, or

(iv) caused a substantial loss to Federal deposit insurance funds

from service on behalf of the Corporation.

(7) ABROGATION OF CONTRACTS. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation may rescind any contract with a person who:

(A) fails to disclose a material fact to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or the Corporation,

(B) would be prohibited under paragraph (6) from providing services to, receiving fees from, or contracting with the Corporation or the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, or

(C) has been subject to a final enforcement action by any Federal bank regulatory agency.

(8) PRIORITY OF THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD RULES. To the extent that the rules established under this subsection conflict with rules of other agencies or Government corporations, officers, directors, employees, and independent contractors of the Corporation or the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, who are also subject to the conflict of interest or ethical rules of another agency or Government corporation, shall be governed by the rules and regulations established by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board under this subsection when acting for or on behalf of the Corporation.

(9) DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this subsection:

(A) The term "company" has the same meaning as in section 2(b) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 [12 U.S.C. § 1841(b)].

(B) The term "control" has the same meaning given such term under regulations promulgated by the Federal Home Loan Bank Board with respect to savings and loan holding companies as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [August 9, 1989].

(C) The term "Corporation" includes the Resolution Trust Corporation, the national advisory board, and the regional advisory boards.

(o) STATUS OF EMPLOYEES. (1) LIABILITY. A member, officer, or employee of the Corporation or of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board has no liability under the Securities Act of 1933 [15 U.S.C. §§ 77a, et seq.] with respect to any claim arising out of or resulting from any act or omission by such person within the scope of such person's employment in connection with any transaction involving the disposition of assets (or any interests in any assets or any obligations backed by any assets) by the Corporation. This subsection shall not be construed to limit personal liability for criminal acts or omissions, willful or malicious misconduct, acts or omissions for private gain, or any other acts or omissions outside the scope of such person's employment.

(2) DEFINITION. For purposes of this subsection, the term "employee of the Corporation or of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board" includes any officer or employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation who performs services for the Corporation.

(3) EFFECT ON OTHER LAW. This subsection does not affect:

(A) any other immunities and protections that may be available under applicable law with respect to such transactions, or

(B) any other right or remedy against the Corporation, against the United States under applicable law, or against any person other than a person described in paragraph (1) participating in such transactions.

This subsection shall not be construed to limit or alter in any way the immunities that are available under applicable law for Federal officials and employees not described in this subsection.

(p) MANAGEMENT ENHANCEMENT GOALS. (1) ACTION TO ACHIEVE SPECIFIC GOALS. The Corporation, upon the enactment of this subsection [March 23, 1991], shall take action to assure achievement of the management goals specified in this paragraph, as follows:

(A) MANAGING CONSERVATORSHIPs. The Corporation shall standardize procedures with respect to its (i) auditing of conservatorships, (ii) ensuring and monitoring of compliance with Corporation policies and procedures by conservatorship managing agents, and (iii) ensuring and monitoring of conservatorship managing agent performance. These procedures shall be developed and implemented not later than September 30, 1991.

(B) PACE OF RESOLUTIONS. The Corporation shall take all reasonable and necessary steps to reduce the length of time institutions remain in conservatorship, with the goal that no institution shall be in conservatorship for more than 9 months.

(C) INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM. The Corporation shall develop and incorporate within its strategic plan for information resources management, (i) a translation of program goals into the communication and computer hardware and software, and staff needed to accomplish such goals, (ii) a systems architecture to ensure that all systems will work together, and (iii) an identification of Corporation information and systems needs at all operational levels.

(D) SECURITIES PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. The Corporation shall develop within its information architecture framework, a centralized system for the management of its portfolio of securities. This system shall be developed and implemented not later than September 30, 1991.

(E) TRACKING REO ASSETS. The Corporation shall develop, within its information architecture, an effective system to track and inventory real-estate-owned assets. This system shall be developed and implemented not later than September 30, 1991.

(F) ASSET VALUATION. The Corporation shall develop a process for the quarterly valuation or updating of valuations of the assets it holds in its capacity as receiver (or as a result of such capacity). Such process shall incorporate, to the extent practical, Corporation disposition experience. In addition, the necessary information systems shall be developed to track and manage these valuations.

(G) STANDARDIZATION OF DUE DILIGENCE AND MARKET FORMAT. The Corporation shall develop a program for performing due diligence on one- to four-family mortgages and for marketing such loans on a pooled basis.

(H) CONTRACTING. The Corporation, in order to identify the need for any changes in its contracting process which would enhance the independence, integrity, consistency and effectiveness of that process, shall consult on a regular basis with other agencies and organizations that have large scale contracting and procurement systems, and shall review on a regular basis its organizational structure and relationships. The Corporation shall develop and have in widespread use the following:

(i) A manual setting forth comprehensive policies and procedures.

(ii) A revised and expanded directive that clearly and definitively describes the roles and responsibilities of all those involved in the contracting process.

(iii) A revised and expanded directive that sets forth in detail the standard procedures to be followed in evaluating contractor proposals.

(iv) A set of standardized solicitation and contract documents for use by all Corporation officers.

(v) A series of standardized contracting training modules for use by Corporation personnel and private contractors.

(2) The Corporation shall, not later than September 30, 1991, file with the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives, a report on the progress being made toward full compliance by the agency with this subsection, as well as a timetable for completing those items not yet completed.

(q) RTC, THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD, AND RTC CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEE PROTECTION REMEDY. (1) PROHIBITION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION. The Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, and any person who is performing, directly or indirectly, any function or service on behalf of the Corporation or the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may not discharge or otherwise discriminate against any employee (including any employee of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on assignment to the Corporation under this section or any personnel referred to in subparagraphs (C) and (F) of subsection (a)(5) of this section) with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because the employee (or any person acting pursuant to the request of the employee) provided information to the Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, the Attorney General, or any appropriate Federal banking agency (as defined in section 3(q) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813(q)]) regarding:

(A) a possible violation of any law or regulation; or

(B) gross mismanagement, a gross waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety;

by the Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, or such person or any director, officer, or employee of the Corporation, the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, or the person.

(2) ENFORCEMENT. Any employee or former employee who believes that such employee has been discharged or discriminated against in violation of paragraph (1) may file a civil action in the appropriate United States district court before the end of the 2-year period beginning on the date of such discharge or discrimination.

(3) REMEDIES. If the district court determines that a violation has occurred, the court may order the Corporation or the person which committed the violation to:

(A) reinstate the employee to the employee's former position;

(B) pay compensatory damages; or

(C) take other appropriate actions to remedy any past discrimination.

(4) LIMITATION. The protections of this section shall not apply to any employee who:

(A) deliberately causes or participates in the alleged violation of law or regulation; or

(B) knowingly or recklessly provides substantially false information to the Corporation, the Attorney General, or any appropriate Federal banking agency.

(5) BURDENS OF PROOF. The legal burdens of proof that prevail under subchapter III of chapter 12 of title 5, United States Code [5 U.S.C. §§ 1221, et seq.], shall govern adjudication of protected activities under this subsection.

(r) REVIEW AND EVALUATION PROCEDURE FOR CONTRACTS. (1) IN GENERAL. In the review and evaluation of proposals, the Corporation shall provide additional incentives to minority- or women-owned businesses by awarding any such business an additional 10 percent of the total technical points and an additional 5 percent of the total cost preference points achievable in the technical and cost rating process applicable with respect to such proposals.

(2) CERTAIN JOINT VENTURES INCLUDED. Paragraph (1) shall apply to any proposal submitted by a joint venture in which a minority- or woman-owned business has participation of not less than 25 percent.

(3) AUTHORITY TO ADJUST TECHNICAL AND COST PREFERENCE POINTS. The Corporation may adjust the technical and cost preference points applicable in evaluating proposals to the extent necessary to ensure the maximum participation level possible for minority- or women-owned businesses.

(4) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:

(A) MINORITY-OWNED BUSINESS. The term "minority-owned business" means a business:

(i) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by 1 or more minority individuals; and

(ii) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to 1 or more minority individuals.

(B) WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESS. The term "women's business" means a business:

(i) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by 1 or more women;

(ii) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to 1 or more women; and

(iii) a significant percentage of senior management positions of which are held by women.

(s) ACQUISITION OF BRANCH FACILITIES IN MINORITY NEIGHBORHOODS. (1) IN GENERAL. In the case of any savings association for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver, the Corporation may make available any branch of such association which is located in any predominantly minority neighborhood to any minority depository institution or women's depository institution on the following terms:

(A) The branch may be made available on a rent-free lease basis for not less than 5 years.

(B) Of all expenses incurred in maintaining the operation of the facilities in which such branch is located, the institution shall be liable only for the payment of applicable real property taxes, real property insurance, and utilities.

(C) The lease may provide an option to purchase the branch during the term of the lease.

(2) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:

(A) MINORITY DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term "minority [depository] institution" means a depository institution (as defined in section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813(c)]):

(i) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by 1 or more minority individuals; and

(ii) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to 1 or more minority individuals.

(B) WOMEN'S DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term "women's depository institution" means a depository institution (as defined in section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1813(c)]):

(i) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by 1 or more women;

(ii) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to 1 or more women; and

(iii) a significant percentage of senior management positions of which are held by women.

(C) MINORITY. The term "minority" has the meaning given to such term by section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(t) ASSISTANCE UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES FOR ACQUISITION OF MAJORITY-OWNED INSTITUTIONS. (1) IN GENERAL. In addition to the assistance provided pursuant to the minority capital assistance program established under subsection (u)(1) of this section, the Corporation may provide assistance for minority-owned depository institutions and minority investors for the acquisition of any savings association for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver and which, before such appointment, was not a minority-owned association, if the Corporation has not received acceptable bids for the acquisition of such association without offering such assistance.

(2) ADDITIONAL ASSETS. In connection with the acquisition of any savings association for which the Corporation provides assistance under paragraph (1), the Corporation may transfer assets of other savings associations for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver.

(3) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection:

(A) MINORITY. The term "minority" has the meaning given to such term by section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(B) ACQUISITION. The term "acquisition" means any transaction in which a savings association is acquired (as defined in section 13(f)(8)(B) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(f)(8)(B)])

(u) MINORITY INTERIM CAPITAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM. (1) IN GENERAL. The minority interim capital assistance program administered by the Corporation pursuant to the policy statement entitled the "Interim Statement of Policy Regarding Resolutions of Minority-Owned Depository Institutions" adopted by the Corporation on January 30, 1990 is hereby established by law.

(2) ASSISTANCE UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES FOR ACQUISITION OF MAJORITY-OWNED INSTITUTIONS. In addition to the assistance provided pursuant to the program established under paragraph (1), the Corporation shall provide assistance under such program for minority-owned depository institutions and minority investors for the acquisition of any savings association for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver and which, before such appointment, was not a minority-owned association, if the Corporation has not received acceptable bids for the acquisition of such association without offering such assistance.

(3) EXTENSION OF INTERIM FINANCING PERIOD. The period for repayment of capital assistance provided under the minority interim capital assistance program shall be not less than 2 years.

(4) INTEREST RATE. The rate of interest imposed by the Corporation in connection with any interim financing provided under the minority interim capital assistance program may not exceed the average cost of funds to the Corporation as of the time such rate is established.

(5) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions shall apply:

(A) MINORITY. The term "minority" has the meaning given to such term by section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(B) ACQUISITION. The term "acquisition" means any transaction in which a savings association is acquired (as defined in section 13(f)(8)(B) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(f)(8)(B)]).

(v) CONTINUATION OF OBLIGATION TO PROVIDE SERVICES. No person obligated to provide services to an insured depository institution at the time the Resolution Trust Corporation is appointed conservator or receiver for the institution shall fail to provide those services to any person to whom the right to receive those services was transferred by the Resolution Trust Corporation after August 9, 1989, unless the refusal is based on the transferee's failure to comply with any material term or condition of the original obligation. This subsection does not limit any authority of the Resolution Trust Corporation as conservator or receiver under section 11(e) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1821(e)].

(w) RTC MANAGEMENT REFORMS. (1) COMPREHENSIVE BUSINESS PLAN. The Corporation shall establish and maintain a comprehensive business plan covering the operations of the Corporation, including the disposition of assets, for the remainder of the Corporation's existence.

(2) MARKETING REAL PROPERTY ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS. The Corporation shall:

(A) market any undivided or controlling interest in real property, whether held directly or indirectly by an institution described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section, on an individual basis, including sales by auction, for no fewer than 120 days before such assets may be made available for sale or other disposition on a portfolio basis or otherwise included in a multiasset sales initiative, except that this subparagraph does not apply to assets that are:

(i) sold simultaneously with a resolution in which a buyer purchases a significant proportion of the assets and assumes a significant proportion of the liabilities, or acts as agent of the Corporation for purposes of paying insured deposits, of an institution described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section; or

(ii) transferred to a new institution organized pursuant to section 11(d)(2)(F) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1811(d)(2)(F)]; and

(B) prescribe regulations:

(i) to require that the sale or other disposition of any asset consisting of real property on a portfolio basis or in connection with any multiasset sales initiative after the end of the 120-day period described in subparagraph (A) be justified in writing; and

(ii) to carry out the requirements of subparagraph (A).

(3) DISPOSITION OF REAL ESTATE RELATED ASSETS. (A) PROCEDURES FOR DISPOSITION OF REAL ESTATE-RELATED ASSETS. The Corporation shall not sell real property or any nonperforming real estate loan which the Corporation has acquired as receiver or conservator, unless:

(i) the Corporation has assigned responsibility for the management and disposition of such asset to a qualified person or entity to:

(I) analyze each asset on an asset-by-asset basis and consider alternative disposition strategies for such asset;

(II) develop a written management and disposition plan; and

(III) implement that plan for a reasonable period of time; or

(ii) the Corporation has made a determination in writing that a bulk transaction would maximize net recovery to the Corporation, while providing opportunity for broad participation by qualified bidders, including minority and women-owned businesses.

(B) DEFINITIONS. In defining any term for purposes of subparagraph (A), the Corporation may, by regulation, define:

(i) the term "asset" so as to include properties or loans which are legally separate and distinct properties or loans, but which have sufficiently common characteristics such that they may be logically treated as a single asset; and

(ii) the term "qualified person or entity" so as to include any employee of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board or any employee assigned to the Corporation under subsection (b)(8) of this section.

(C) EXCEPTIONS. This paragraph shall not apply to:

(i) assets that are:

(I) sold simultaneously with a resolution in which a buyer purchases a significant proportion of the assets and assumes a significant proportion of the liabilities (or acts as agent of the Corporation for purposes of paying insured deposits) of an institution described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section; or

(II) transferred to a new institution organized pursuant to section 11(d)(2)(F) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1811(d)(2)(F)];

(ii) nonperforming real estate loans with a book value of not more than $1,000,000;

(iii) real property with a book value of not more than $400,000; or

(iv) real property with a book value of more than $400,000 or nonperforming real estate loans with a book value of more than $1,000,000 for which the Corporation determines, in writing, that a disposition not in conformity with the requirements of subparagraph (A) will bring a greater return to the Corporation.

(D) COORDINATION WITH PARAGRAPH (2). No provision of this paragraph shall supersede the requirements of paragraph (2).

(4) DIVISION OF MINORITIES AND WOMEN PROGRAMS. (A) IN GENERAL. The Corporation shall maintain a division of minorities and women programs.

(B) VICE PRESIDENT. The head of the division shall be a vice president of the Corporation and a member of the executive committee of the Corporation.

(5) CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER. (A) IN GENERAL. The chief executive officer of the Corporation shall appoint a chief financial officer for the Corporation.

(B) AUTHORITY. The chief financial officer of the Corporation shall:

(i) have no operating responsibilities with respect to the Corporation other than as chief financial officer;

(ii) report directly to the chief executive officer of the Corporation; and

(iii) have such authority and duties of chief financial officers of agencies under section 902 of title 31, United States Code [31 U.S.C. § 902], as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board determines to be appropriate with respect to the Corporation.

(6) BASIC ORDERING AGREEMENTS. (A) REVISION OF PROCEDURES. The Corporation shall revise the procedure for reviewing and qualifying applicants for eligibility for future contracts in a specified service area (commonly referred to as "basic ordering agreements" or "task ordering agreements") in such manner as may be necessary to ensure that small businesses, minorities, and women are not inadvertently excluded from eligibility for such contracts.

(B) REVIEW OF LISTS. To ensure the maximum participation level possible of minority- and women-owned businesses, the Corporation shall:

(i) review all lists of contractors determined to be eligible for future contracts in a specified service area and other contracting mechanisms; and

(ii) prescribe appropriate regulations and procedures.

(7) IMPROVEMENT OF CONTRACTING SYSTEMS AND CONTRACTOR OVERSIGHT. The Corporation shall:

(A) maintain such procedures and uniform standards for:

(i) entering into contracts between the Corporation and private contractors; and

(ii) overseeing the performance of contractors and subcontractors under such contracts and compliance by contractors and subcontractors with the terms of contracts and applicable regulations, orders, policies, and guidelines of the Corporation,

as may be appropriate in carrying out the Corporation's operations in as efficient and economical a manner as may be practicable;

(B) commit sufficient resources, including personnel, to contract oversight and the enforcement of all laws, regulations, orders, policies, and standards applicable to contracts with the Corporation; and

(C) maintain uniform procurement guidelines for basic goods and administrative services to prevent the acquisition of such goods and services at widely different prices.

(8) AUDIT COMMITTEE. (A) ESTABLISHMENT. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall establish and maintain an audit committee.

(B) DUTIES. The audit committee shall have the following duties:

(i) Monitor the internal controls of the Corporation.

(ii) Monitor the audit findings and recommendations of the inspector general of the Corporation and the Comptroller General of the United States and the Corporation's response to the findings and recommendations.

(iii) Maintain a close working relationship with the inspector general of the Corporation and the Comptroller General of the United States.

(iv) Regularly report the findings and any recommendation of the audit committee to the Corporation and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(v) Monitor the financial operations of the Corporation and report any incipient problem identified by the audit committee to the Corporation and the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(C) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT NOT APPLICABLE. The audit committee is not an advisory committee within the meaning of section 3(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act [5 U.S.C. Appx.].

(9) CORRECTIVE RESPONSES TO AUDIT PROBLEMS. The Corporation shall:

(A) respond to problems identified by auditors of the Corporation's financial and asset-disposition operations, including problems identified in audit reports by the inspector general of the Corporation, the Comptroller General of the United States, and the audit committee; or

(B) certify to the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board that no action is necessary or appropriate.

(10) ASSISTANT GENERAL COUNSEL FOR PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY. (A) APPOINTMENT. The Corporation shall appoint, within the division of legal services of the Corporation, an assistant general counsel for professional liability.

(B) DUTIES. The assistant general counsel for professional liability shall:

(i) direct the investigation, evaluation, and prosecution of all professional liability claims involving the Corporation; and

(ii) supervise all legal, investigative, and other personnel and contractors involved in the litigation of such claims.

(C) SEMIANNUAL REPORTS TO THE CONGRESS. The assistant general counsel for professional liability shall submit to the Congress a comprehensive litigation report, not later than:

(i) April 30 of each year for the 6-month period ending on March 31 of that year; and

(ii) October 31 of each year for the 6-month period ending on September 30 of that year.

(D) CONTENTS OF REPORTS. The semiannual reports required under subparagraph (C) shall each address the activities of the counsel for professional liability under subparagraph (B) and all civil actions:

(i) in which the Corporation is a party, which are filed against:

(I) directors or officers of depository institutions described in subsection (b)(3)(A) of this section; or

(II) attorneys, accountants, appraisers, or other licensed professionals who performed professional services for such depository institutions; and

(ii) which are initiated or pending during the period covered by the report.

(11) MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM. The Corporation shall maintain an effective management information system capable of providing complete and current information to the extent the provision of such information is appropriate and cost-effective.

(12) INTERNAL CONTROLS AGAINST FRAUD, WASTE, AND ABUSE. The Corporation shall maintain effective internal controls designed to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse, identify any such activity should it occur, and promptly correct any such activity.

(13) FAILURE TO APPOINT CERTAIN OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION. The failure to fill any position established under this section or any vacancy in any such position, shall be treated as a failure to comply with the requirements of this subsection for purposes of subsection (i)(4) of this section.

(14) REPORTS. (A) DISCLOSURE OF EXPENDITURES. The Corporation shall include in the annual report submitted pursuant to subsection (k)(4) of this section an itemization of the expenditures of the Corporation during the year for which funds provided pursuant to subsection (i)(3) of this section were used.

(B) PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF SALARIES. The Corporation shall include in the annual report submitted pursuant to subsection (k)(4) of this section a disclosure of the salaries and other compensation paid during the year covered by the report to directors and senior executive officers at any depository institution for which the Corporation has been appointed conservator or receiver.

(15) MINORITY-AND WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESSES CONTRACT PARITY GUIDELINES. The Corporation shall establish guidelines for achieving the goal of a reasonably even distribution of contracts awarded to the various subgroups of the class of minority- and women-owned businesses and minority- and women-owned law firms whose total number of certified contractors comprise not less than 5 percent of all minority- and women-owned certified contractors. The guidelines may reflect the regional and local geographic distributions of minority subgroups. The distribution of contracts should not be accomplished at the expense of any eligible minority- or women-owned business or law firm in any subgroup that falls below the 5 percent threshold in any region or locality.

(16) CONTRACT SANCTIONS FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH SUBCONTRACT AND JOINT VENTURE REQUIREMENTS. The Corporation shall prescribe regulations which provide sanctions, including contract penalties and suspensions, for violations by contractors of requirements relating to subcontractors and joint ventures.

(17) MINORITY PREFERENCE IN ACQUISITION OF INSTITUTIONS IN PREDOMINANTLY MINORITY NEIGHBORHOODS. (A) IN GENERAL. In considering offers to acquire any insured depository institution, or any branch of an insured depository institution, located in a predominantly minority neighborhood (as defined in regulations prescribed under subsection (s) of this section), the Corporation shall give preference to an offer from any minority individual, minority-owned business, or a minority depository institution, over any other offer that results in the same cost to the Corporation, as determined under section 13(c)(4) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)].

(B) CAPITAL ASSISTANCE. (i) ELIGIBILITY. In order to effectuate the purposes of this paragraph, any minority individual, minority-owned business, or a minority depository institution shall be eligible for capital assistance under the minority interim capital assistance program established under subsection (u)(1) of this section and subject to the provisions of subsection (u)(3) of this section, to the extent that such assistance is consistent with the application of section 13(c)(4) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(c)(4)].

(ii) TERMS AND CONDITIONS. Subsection (u)(4) of this section shall not apply to capital assistance provided under this subparagraph.

(C) PERFORMING ASSETS. In the case of an acquisition of any depository institution or branch described in subparagraph (A) by any minority individual, minority-owned business, or a minority depository institution, the Corporation may provide, in connection with such acquisition and in addition to performing assets of the depository institution or branch, other performing assets under the control of the Corporation in an amount (as determined on the basis of the Corporation's estimate of the fair market value of the assets) not greater than the amount of net liabilities carried on the books of the institution or branch, including deposits, which are assumed in connection with the acquisition.

(D) FIRST PRIORITY FOR DISPOSITION OF ASSETS. In the case of an acquisition of any depository institution or branch described in subparagraph (A) by any minority individual, minority-owned business, or a minority depository institution, the disposition of the performing assets of the depository institution or branch to such individual, business, or minority depository institution shall have a first priority over the disposition by the Corporation of such assets for any other purpose.

(E) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions shall apply:

(i) ACQUIRE. The term "acquire" has the same meaning as in section 13(f)(8)(B) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. § 1823(f)(8)(B)].

(ii) MINORITY. The term "minority" has the same meaning as in section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(iii) MINORITY DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION. The term "minority depository institution" has the same meaning as in subsection (s)(2) of this section.

(iv) MINORITY-OWNED BUSINESS. The term "minority-owned business" has the same meaning as in subsection (r)(4) of this section.

(18) SUBCONTRACTS WITH MINORITY- AND WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESSES. (A) GOALS AND PROCEDURES. (i) REASONABLE GOALS. The Corporation shall establish reasonable goals for contractors for services with the Corporation to subcontract with minority and women-owned businesses and law firms.

(ii) PROCEDURES. The Corporation may not enter into any contract for the provision of services to the Corporation, including legal services, under which the contractor would receive fees or other compensation in an amount equal to or greater than $500,000, unless the Corporation requires the contractor to subcontract with minority- or women-owned businesses, including law firms, and to pay fees or other compensation to such businesses in an amount commensurate with the percentage of services provided by the business.

(iii) EXCEPTIONS. The Corporation may exclude a contract from the requirements of clause (ii) if the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation determines in writing that imposing such a subcontracting requirement would:

(I) substantially increase the cost of contract performance; or

(II) undermine the ability of the contractor to perform its obligations under the contract.

(B) LIMITED WAIVER AUTHORITY. (i) IN GENERAL. The Corporation may grant a waiver from the application of this paragraph to any contractor with respect to a contract described in subparagraph (A)(ii), if the contractor certifies to the Corporation that it has determined that no eligible minority- or women-owned business is available to enter into a subcontract (with respect to such contract) and provides an explanation of the basis for such determination.

(ii) WAIVER PROCEDURES. Any determination to grant a waiver under clause (i) shall be made in writing by the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation.

(C) REPORT. Each quarterly report submitted by the Corporation pursuant to subsection (k)(7) of this section shall contain a description of each exception granted under subparagraph (A)(iii) and each waiver granted under subparagraph (B) during the quarter covered by the report.

(D) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions shall apply:

(i) MINORITY. The term "minority" has the same meaning as in section 1204(c)(3) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 [12 U.S.C. § 1811 note].

(ii) MINORITY- AND WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESS. The terms "minority-owned business" and "women-owned business" have the same meanings as in subsection (r)(4) of this section.

(19) CONTRACTING PROCEDURES. (A) PROCEDURES. In awarding any contract subject to the competitive bidding process, the Corporation shall apply competitive bidding procedures that are no less stringent than those in effect on the date of the enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993].

(B) COST TO TAXPAYER. Nothing in this Act, or any other provision of law, shall supersede the Corporation's primary duty of minimizing costs to the taxpayer and maximizing the total return to the Government.

(20) MANAGEMENT OF LEGAL SERVICES. To improve the management of legal services, the Corporation:

(A) shall utilize staff counsel when such utilization would provide the same level of quality in legal services as the use of outside counsel at the same or a lower estimated cost; and

(B) may only employ outside counsel:

(i) if the use of outside counsel would provide the most practicable, efficient, and cost-effective resolution to the action; and

(ii) under a negotiated fee, contingent fee, or competitively bid fee agreement.

(21) CLIENT RESPONSIVENESS UNITS. The Corporation shall ensure that every regional office of the Corporation contains a client responsiveness unit responsible to the Corporation's ombudsman.

(x) LIMITATION ON EXCESSIVE COMPENSATION AND CASH AWARDS. (1) ESTABLISHMENT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM REQUIRED. The Corporation shall be treated as an agency for purposes of sections 4302 and 4304 of title 5, United States Code.

(2) PROCEDURES FOR PAYMENT OF CASH AWARDS. (A) IN GENERAL. Sections 4502, 4503, and 4505a of title 5, United States Code, shall apply with respect to the Corporation.

(B) LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OF CASH AWARDS. For purposes of determining the amount of any performance-based cash award payable to any employee of the Corporation under section 4505a of title 5, United States Code, the amount of basic pay of the employee which may be taken into account under such section shall not exceed the amount which is equal to the annual rate of basic pay payable for level I of the Executive Schedule.

(3) ALL OTHER CASH AWARDS AND BONUSES PROHIBITED. Except as provided in paragraph (2), no cash award or bonus may be made to any employee of the Corporation.

(4) LIMITATIONS ON CASH AWARDS AND BONUSES. No employee shall receive any cash award or bonus if such employee has given notice of an intent to resign to take a position in the private sector before the payment of such cash award or bonus or accepts employment in the private sector not later than 60 days after receipt of such award or bonus.

(5) LIMITATION ON EXCESSIVE COMPENSATION. Except as provided in paragraphs (6) and (7), no employee may receive a total amount of allowances, benefits, basic pay, and other compensation, including bonuses and other awards, in excess of the total amount of allowances, benefits, basic pay, and other compensation, including bonuses and other awards, which are provided to the chief executive officer of the Corporation.

(6) NO REDUCTION IN RATE OF PAY. The annual rate of basic pay and benefits, including any regional pay differential, payable to any employee who was an employee as of the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act [December 17, 1993] for any year ending after such date of enactment shall not be reduced, by reason of paragraph (5), below the annual rate of basic pay and benefits, including any regional pay differential, paid to such employee, by reason of such employment, as of such date.

(7) EMPLOYEES SERVING IN ACTING OR TEMPORARY CAPACITY. In the case of any employee who, as of the date of enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act, is serving in an acting capacity or is otherwise temporarily employed at a higher grade than such employee's regular grade or position of employment:

(A) the annual rate of basic pay and benefits, including any regional pay differential, payable to such employee in such capacity or at such higher grade shall not be reduced by reason of paragraph (5) so long as such employee continues to serve in such capacity or at such higher grade; and

(B) after such employee ceases to serve in such capacity or at such higher grade, paragraph (6) shall be applied with respect to such employee by taking into account only the annual rate of basic pay and benefits, including any regional pay differential, payable to such employee in such employee's regular grade or position of employment.

(8) DEFINITIONS. (A) ALLOWANCES. For purposes of paragraph (5), the term "allowances" does not include any allowance for travel and subsistence expenses incurred by an employee while away from home or designated post of duty on official business.

(B) EMPLOYEE. For purposes of this subsection and sections 4302, 4502, 4503, and 4505a of title 5, United States Code (as applicable with respect to this subsection), the term "employee" includes any officer or employee assigned to the Corporation under subsection (b)(8) of this section and any officer or employee of the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board.

(y) AUTHORITY TO EXECUTE CONTRACTS. (1) AUTHORIZED PERSONS. A person may execute a contract on behalf of the Corporation for the provision of goods or services only if:

(A) that person:

(i) is a warranted contracting officer appointed by the Corporation, or is a managing agent of a savings association under the conservatorship of the Corporation; and

(ii) provides appropriate certification or other identification, as required by the Corporation in accordance with paragraph (2);

(B) the notice described in paragraph (4) is included in the written contract; and

(C) that person has appropriate authority to execute the contract on behalf of the Corporation in accordance with the notice published by the Corporation in accordance with paragraph (5).

(2) PRESENTATION OF IDENTIFICATION. Prior to executing any contract described in paragraph (1) with any person, a warranted contracting officer or managing agent shall present to that person:

(A) a valid certificate of appointment (or such other identification as may be required by the Corporation) that is signed by the appropriate officer of the Corporation; or

(B) a copy of such certificate, authenticated by the Corporation.

(3) TREATMENT OF UNAUTHORIZED CONTRACTS. A contract described in paragraph (1) that fails to meet the requirements of this section:

(A) shall be null and void; and

(B) shall not be enforced against the Corporation or its agents by any court.

(4) INCLUSION OF NOTICE IN CONTRACT TERMS. Each written contract described in paragraph (1) shall contain a clear and conspicuous statement (in boldface type) in immediate proximity to the space reserved for the signatures of the contracting parties as follows:

"Only warranted contracting officers appointed by the Resolution Trust Corporation or managing agents of associations under the conservatorship of the Resolution Trust Corporation have the authority to execute contracts on behalf of the Resolution Trust Corporation. Such persons have certain limits on their contracting authority. The nature and extent of their contracting authority levels are published in the Federal Register.

"A warranted contracting officer or a managing agent must present identification in the form of a signed certificate of appointment (or an authenticated copy of such certificate) or other identification, as required by the Corporation, prior to executing any contract on behalf of the Resolution Trust Corporation.

"Any contract that is not executed by a warranted contracting officer or the managing agent of a savings association under the conservatorship of the Resolution Trust Corporation, acting in conformity with his or her contracting authority, shall be null and void, and will not be enforceable by any court.".

(5) NOTICE OF REQUIREMENTS. Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this subsection [August 9, 1989], the Corporation shall publish notice in the Federal Register of:

(A) the requirements for appointment by the Corporation as a warranted contracting officer; and

(B) the nature and extent of the contracting authority to be exercised by any warranted contracting officer or managing agent.

(6) EXCEPTION. This section does not apply to:

(A) any contract between the Corporation and any other person governing the purchase or assumption by that person of:

(i) the ownership of a savings association under the conservatorship of the Corporation; or

(ii) the assets or liabilities of a savings association under the conservatorship or receivership of the Corporation; or

(B) any contract executed by the Inspector General of the Corporation(or any designee thereof) for the provision of goods or services to the Office of the Inspector General of the Corporation.

(7) EXECUTION OF CONTRACTS. For purposes of this subsection, the execution of a contract includes all modifications to such contract.

(8) EFFECTIVE DATE. The requirements of this subsection shall apply to all contracts described in paragraph (1) executed on or after the date which is 45 days after the date of enactment of this subsection.

(z) ADDITIONAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS. (1) IN GENERAL. No person shall execute, on behalf of the Corporation, any contract, or modification to a contract, for goods or services exceeding $100,000 in value unless the person executing the contract or modification states in writing that:

(A) the contract or modification is for a fixed price, the person has received a written cost estimate for the contract or modification, or a cost estimate cannot be obtained as a practical matter with an explanation of why such a cost estimate cannot be obtained as a practical matter;

(B) the person has received the written statement described in paragraph (2); and

(C) the person is satisfied that the contract or modification to be executed has been approved by a person legally authorized to do so pursuant to a written delegation of authority.

(2) WRITTEN DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY. A person who authorizes a contract, or a modification to a contract, involving the Corporation for goods or services exceeding $100,000 in value shall state, in writing, that he or she has been delegated the authority, pursuant to a written delegation of authority, to authorize that contract or modification.

(3) EFFECT OF FAILURE TO COMPLY. The failure of any person executing a contract, or a modification of a contract, on behalf of the Corporation, or authorizing such a contract or modification of a contract, to comply with the requirements of this subsection shall not void, or serve as grounds to void or rescind, any otherwise properly executed contract.
12 U.S.C. § 1441A NOTE SAVINGS PROVISIONS [RESOLUTION TRUST CORPORATION THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION REFORM ACT OF 1991 (PUB. L. NO. 102-233, 105 STAT. 1761, SEC. 317 (DEC. 12, 1991)].
(a) SAVINGS PROVISIONS. (1) EXISTING RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND OBLIGATIONS NOT AFFECTED. This title shall not affect the validity of any right, duty, or obligation of the United States, the Corporation, the Oversight Board, or any other person, that:

(A) arises under or pursuant to the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1421, et seq.], or any other provision of law applicable with respect to the Oversight Board; and

(B) existed on the day before the effective date of the Resolution Trust Corporation Thrift Depositor Protection Reform Act of 1991 [February 1, 1992].

(2) CONTINUATION OF SUITS. No action or other proceeding commenced by or against the Oversight Board, with respect to any function of the Oversight Board, shall abate by reason of the enactment of the Resolution Trust Corporation Thrift Depositor Protection Reform Act of 1991, except that the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall continue as party to any such action or proceeding, notwithstanding the change of name of the Oversight Board.

(b) CONTINUATION OF ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, DETERMINATIONS, AND REGULATIONS. All orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations that:

(1) have been issued, made, prescribed, or allowed to become effective by the Oversight Board (including orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations which relate to the conduct of conservatorships and receiverships), or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of functions under the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1421, et seq.], and

(2) are in effect on the effective date of the Resolution Trust Corporation Thrift Depositor Protection Reform Act of 1991 [February 1, 1992].

shall continue in effect according to the terms of such orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations, and shall be enforceable by or against the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board, or the Resolution Trust Corporation, by any court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law, notwithstanding the change of name of the Oversight Board.
FIRREA SECTION 1301 (12 U.S.C. § 1441A-1) DEFINITIONS.
For purposes of section 1441a-2 of this title:

(1) STATE HOUSING FINANCE AUTHORITY. The term "State housing finance authority" means any public agency, authority, or corporation which:

(A) serves as an instrumentality of any State or any political subdivision of any State; and

(B) functions as a source of residential mortgage loan financing in that State.

(2) NONPROFIT ENTITY. The term "nonprofit entity" means any not-for-profit corporation chartered under State law that is exempt from Federal taxation under section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 USC § 501(c)] and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any member, founder, contributor, or individual (including any nonprofit entity established by the corporation established under title IX of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 [42 U.S.C. §§ 3931, et seq.]).

(3) MORTGAGE-RELATED ASSETS. The term "mortgage-related assets" means:

(A) residential mortgage loans secured by 1- to 4-family or multifamily dwellings; and

(3)(B) real property improved with 1- to 4-family or multifamily residential dwellings, which are located within the jurisdiction of the applicable State housing finance authority or within the geographical area served by the nonprofit entity.

(4) NET INCOME. The term "net income" means income after deduction of all associated expenses calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
FIRREA SECTION 1302 (12 U.S.C. § 1441A-2) AUTHORIZATION FOR STATE HOUSING FINANCE AGENCIES AND NONPROFIT ENTITIES TO PURCHASE MORTGAGE-RELATED ASSETS.
(a) AUTHORIZATION. Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal or State law, a State housing finance authority or nonprofit entity may purchase mortgage-related assets from the Resolution Trust Corporation or from financial institutions with respect to which the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is acting as a conservator or receiver (including assets associated with any trust business), and any contract for such purchase shall be effective in accordance with its terms without any further approval, assignment, or consent with respect to that contract.

(b) INVESTMENT REQUIREMENT. Any State housing finance authority or nonprofit entity which purchases mortgage-related assets pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall invest any net income attributable to the ownership of those assets in financing, refinancing, or rehabilitating low- and moderate-income housing within the jurisdiction of the State housing finance authority or within the geographical area served by the nonprofit entity.
12 U.S.C. § 1441A-3 RTC AND FDIC PROPERTIES [COASTAL BARRIERS IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1990 PUB. L. NO. 101-591, SEC. 10, 104 STAT. 2931 (NOV. 16, 1990)].
(a) REPORTS. (1) SUBMISSION. The Resolution Trust Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall each submit to the Congress for each year a report identifying and describing any property that is covered property of the corporation concerned as of September 30 of such year. The report shall be submitted on or before March 30 of the following year.

(2) CONSULTATION. In preparing the reports required under this subsection, each corporation concerned may consult with the Secretary of the Interior for purposes of identifying the properties described in paragraph (1).

(b) LIMITATION ON TRANSFER. (1) NOTICE. The Resolution Trust Corporation and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation may not sell or otherwise transfer any covered property unless the corporation concerned causes to be published in the Federal Register a notice of the availability of the property for purchase or other transfer that identifies the property and describes the location, characteristics, and size of the property.

(2) EXPRESSION OF SERIOUS INTEREST. During the 90-day period beginning on the date that notice under paragraph (1) concerning a covered property is first published, any governmental agency or qualified organization may submit to the corporation concerned a written notice of serious interest for the purchase or other transfer of a particular covered property for which notice has been published. The notice of serious interest shall be in such form and include such information as the corporation concerned may prescribe.

(3) PROHIBITION OF TRANSFER. During the period under paragraph (2), a corporation concerned may not sell or otherwise transfer any covered property for which notice has been published under paragraph (1). Upon the expiration of such period, the corporation concerned may sell or otherwise transfer any covered property for which notice under paragraph (1) has been published if a notice of serious interest under paragraph (2) concerning the property has not been timely submitted.

(4) OFFERS AND PERMITTED TRANSFER. If a notice of serious interest in a covered property is timely submitted pursuant to paragraph (2), the corporation concerned may not sell or otherwise transfer such covered property during the 90-day period beginning upon the expiration of the period under paragraph (2) except to a governmental agency or qualified organization for use primarily for wildlife refuge, sanctuary, open space, recreational, historical, cultural, or natural resource conservation purposes, unless all notices of serious interest under paragraph (2) have been withdrawn.

(c) DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this section:

(1) CORPORATION CONCERNED. The term "corporation concerned" means:

(A) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, with respect to matters relating to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and

(B) the Resolution Trust Corporation, with respect to matters relating to the Resolution Trust Corporation.

(2) COVERED PROPERTY. The term "covered property" means any property:

(A) to which: (i) the Resolution Trust Corporation has acquired title in its corporate or receivership capacity; or

(ii) the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has acquired title in its corporate capacity or which was acquired by the former Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation in its corporate capacity; and
(B) that: (i) is located within the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System; or

(ii) is undeveloped, greater than 50 acres in size, and adjacent to or contiguous with any lands managed by a governmental agency primarily for wildlife refuge, sanctuary, open space, recreational, historical, cultural, or natural resource conservation purposes.

(3) GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY. The term "governmental agency" means any agency or entity of the Federal Government or a State or local government.

(4) UNDEVELOPED. The term "undeveloped" means:

(A) containing few manmade structures and having geomorphic and ecological processes that are not significantly impeded by any such structures or human activity; and

(B) having natural, cultural, recreational, or scientific value of special significance.
12 U.S.C. § 1441A NOTE ABOLITION OF THE THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD [HOMEOWNERS PROTECTION ACT OF 1998 (PUB. L. NO. 105-216, SEC. 14(A)-(D), 112 STAT. 908 (JULY 29, 1998)].
(a) IN GENERAL. Effective at the end of the 3-month period beginning on the date of enactment of the Homeowners Protection Act of 1998 [July 29, 1998], the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board established under section 21A of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441a]] (hereafter in this section referred to as the 'Oversight Board') is hereby abolished.

(b) DISPOSITION OF AFFAIRS. (1) POWER OF CHAIRPERSON. Effective on the date of enactment of this Act [July 29, 1998], the Chairperson of the Oversight Board (or the designee of the Chairperson) may exercise on behalf of the Oversight Board any power of the Oversight Board necessary to settle and conclude the affairs of the Oversight Board.

(2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS. Funds available to the Oversight Board shall be available to the Chairperson of the Oversight Board to pay expenses incurred in carrying out paragraph (1).

(c) SAVINGS PROVISION. (1) EXISTING RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND OBLIGATIONS NOT AFFECTED. No provision of this section shall be construed as affecting the validity of any right, duty, or obligation of the United States, the Oversight Board, the Resolution Trust Corporation, or any other person that:

(A) arises under or pursuant to the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1421, et seq.], or any other provision of law applicable with respect to the Oversight Board; and

(B) existed on the day before the abolishment of the Oversight Board in accordance with subsection (a).

(2) CONTINUATION OF SUITS. No action or other proceeding commenced by or against the Oversight Board with respect to any function of the Oversight Board shall abate by reason of the enactment of this section.

(3) LIABILITIES. (A) IN GENERAL. All liabilities arising out of the operation of the Oversight Board during the period beginning on August 9, 1989, and the date that is 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act [July 29, 1998] shall remain the direct liabilities of the United States.

(B) NO SUBSTITUTION. The Secretary of the Treasury shall not be substituted for the Oversight Board as a party to any action or proceeding referred to in subparagraph (A).

(4) CONTINUATIONS OF ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, DETERMINATIONS, AND REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO THE RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION. (A) IN GENERAL. All orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations regarding the Resolution Funding Corporation shall continue in effect according to the terms of such orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations until modified, terminated, set aside, or superseded in accordance with applicable law if such orders, resolutions, determinations, or regulations:

(i) have been issued, made, and prescribed, or allowed to become effective by the Oversight Board, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of functions transferred by this section; and

(ii) are in effect at the end of the 3-month period beginning on the date of enactment of this section [July 29, 1998].

(B) ENFORCEABILITY OF ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, DETERMINATIONS, AND REGULATIONS BEFORE TRANSFER. Before the effective date of the transfer of the authority and duties of the Resolution Funding Corporation to the Secretary of the Treasuryunder subsection (d) of this section, all orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations pertaining to the Resolution Funding Corporation shall be enforceable by and against the United States.

(C) ENFORCEABILITY OF ORDERS, RESOLUTIONS, DETERMINATIONS, AND REGULATIONS AFTER TRANSFER. On and after the effective date of the transfer of the authority and duties of the Resolution Funding Corporation to the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (d) of this section, all orders, resolutions, determinations, and regulations pertaining to the Resolution Funding Corporation shall be enforceable by and against the Secretary of the Treasury.

(d) TRANSFER OF THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD AUTHORITY AND DUTIES OF RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION TO SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY. Effective at the end of the 3-month period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act [July 29, 1998], the authority and duties of the Oversight Board under sections 21A(a)(6)(I) and 21B of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act [12 U.S.C. §§ 1441a(a)(6)(I) and 1441b] are transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury (or the designee of the Secretary).
SECTION 21B [12 U.S.C. § 1441B] RESOLUTION FUNDING CORPORATION ESTABLISHED.
(a) PURPOSE. The purpose of the Resolution Funding Corporation is to provide funds to the Resolution Trust Corporation to enable the Resolution Trust Corporation to carry out the provisions of this Act.

(b) ESTABLISHMENT. There is established a corporation to be known as the Resolution Funding Corporation.

(c) MANAGEMENT OF FUNDING CORPORATION. (1) DIRECTORATE. The Funding Corporation shall be under the management of a Directorate composed of 3 members as follows:

(A) The director of the Office of Finance of the Federal Home Loan Banks (or the head of any successor office).

(B) 2 members selected by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board from among the presidents of the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(2) TERMS. Of the 2 members appointed under paragraph (1)(B), 1 shall be appointed for an initial term of 2 years and 1 shall be appointed for an initial term of 3 years. Thereafter, such members shall be appointed for a term of 3 years.

(3) VACANCY. If any member leaves the office in which such member was serving when appointed to the Directorate:

(A) such member's service on the Directorate shall terminate on the date such member leaves such office; and

(B) the successor to the office of such member shall serve the remainder of such member's term.

(4) EQUAL REPRESENTATION OF BANKS. No president of a Federal Home Loan Bank may be appointed to serve an additional term on the Directorate until such time as the presidents of each of the other Federal Home Loan Banks have served as many terms as the president of such bank.

(5) CHAIRPERSON. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall select the chairperson of the Directorate from among the 3 members of the Directorate.

(6) STAFF. (A) NO PAID EMPLOYEES. The Funding Corporation shall have no paid employees.

(B) POWERS. The Directorate may, with the approval of the Federal Housing Finance Board authorize the officers, employees, or agents of the Federal Home Loan Banks to act for and on behalf of the Funding Corporation in such manner as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Funding Corporation.

(7) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. (A) IN GENERAL. All administrative expenses of the Funding Corporation, including custodian fees, shall be paid by the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(B) PRO RATA DISTRIBUTION. The amount each Federal Home Loan Bank shall pay under subparagraph (A) shall be determined by the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board by multiplying the total administrative expenses for any period by the percentage arrived at by dividing:

(i) the aggregate amount the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board required such bank to invest in the Funding Corporation (as of the time of such determination) under paragraphs (4) and (5) of subsection (e) of this section (computed without regard to paragraphs (3) or (6) of such subsection); by

(ii) the aggregate amount the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board required all Federal Home Loan Banks to invest (as of the time of such determination) under such paragraphs.

(8) REGULATION BY THRIFT DEPOSITOR PROTECTION OVERSIGHT BOARD. The Directorate of the Funding Corporation shall be subject to such regulations, orders, and directions as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may prescribe.

(9) NO COMPENSATION FROM FUNDING CORPORATION. Members of the Directorate of the Funding Corporation shall receive no pay, allowance, or benefit from the Funding Corporation for serving on the Directorate.

(d) POWERS OF THE FUNDING CORPORATION. The Funding Corporation shall have only the powers described in paragraphs (1) through (9), subject to the other provisions of this section and such regulations, orders, and directions as the Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board may prescribe:

(1) ISSUE STOCK. To issue nonvoting capital stock to the Federal Home Loan Banks.

(2) PURCHASE CAPITAL STOCK; TRANSFER AMOUNTS. To purchase capital certificates issued by the Resolution Trust Corporation under section 21A of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441a], and to transfer amounts to the Resolution Trust Corporation pursuant to subsection (e)(8) of this section.

(3) ISSUE OBLIGATIONS. To issue debentures, bonds, or other obligations, and to borrow, to give security for any amount borrowed, and to pay interest on (and any redemption premium with respect to) any such obligation or amount.

(4) IMPOSE ASSESSMENTS. To impose assessments in accordance with subsection (e)(7) of this section.

(5) CORPORATE SEAL. To adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal.

(6) SUCCESSION. To have succession until dissolved.

(7) CONTRACTS. To enter into contracts.

(8) AUTHORITY TO SUE. To sue and be sued in its corporate capacity, and to complain and defend in any action brought by or against the Funding Corporation in any State or Federal court of competent jurisdiction.

(9) INCIDENTAL POWERS. To exercise such incidental powers not inconsistent with the provisions of this section and section 21A of this Act [12 U.S.C. § 1441a] as are necessary and appropriate to carry out the provisions of this section.

(e) CAPITALIZATION OF FUNDING CORPORATION, ETC. (1) IN GENERAL (A) AMOUNT REQUIRED. The Thrift Depositor Protection Oversight Board shall ensure that the aggregate of the amounts obtained under this subsection shall be sufficient so that: